Tazewell County, Virginia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Tazewell County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 20, 1799|
|Named for||Henry Tazewell|
|• Total||520 sq mi (1,300 km2)|
|• Land||519 sq mi (1,340 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (3 km2) 0.2%|
|• Density||77.7/sq mi (30.02/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
In the spring of 1771, Thomas and John Witten established the first permanent settlement in Tazewell County at Crab Orchard.
Tazewell County was created on December 20, 1799. The land for the county was taken from portions of Wythe and Russell counties. It was named after Henry Tazewell, a United States Senator from Virginia, state legislator and judge. Delegate Littleton Waller Tazewell originally opposed the formation of the new county but when Simon Cotterel, who drew up the bill to form the county, changed the originally proposed name of the county to Tazewell's namesake, in honor of his father Henry who had died earlier that year. The bill passed.
Jeffersonville was established the following year (1800) as the county seat. On February 29, 1892, Jeffersonville was renamed Tazewell.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 520 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 519 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.
Since it contains portions of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians and the Cumberland Plateau, Tazewell County has very distinct geologic areas within the county. Of the most unusual areas is Burke's Garden, a bowl-shaped valley formed by the erosion of a doubly plunging anticline. Tazewell County includes the headwaters of four watersheds, which are the Upper Clinch, Middle New, North Fork Holston, and Tug.
- McDowell County, West Virginia, (North and West)
- Mercer County, West Virginia, (Northeast)
- Buchanan County, (Northwest)
- Russell County, (West)
- Smyth County, (South)
- Bland County, (East)
National protected area
- Jefferson National Forest (part)
- US 19
- US 460
- SR 16
- SR 61
- SR 67
- SR 91
- SR 102
|U.S. Decennial Census
1990-2000 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||42,692||37,336||94.71%||92.35%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||1,330||961||2.95%||2.38%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||54||56||0.12%||0.14%|
|Asian alone (NH)||286||213||0.63%||0.53%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||6||15||0.01%||0.04%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||23||89||0.05%||0.22%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||391||1,252||0.87%||3.10%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||296||507||0.66%||1.25%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
Other unincorporated communities
Professional sports teams
- Bluefield Blue Jays, minor league baseball team based in Bluefield
- Bluefield University, Bluefield
- Southwest Virginia Community College, borders Russell County, near Richlands
Public high schools
All public schools in Tazewell County are operated by Tazewell County Public Schools system.
Tazewell County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.