Graham County, Arizona facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Graham County, Arizona
Map
Map of Arizona highlighting Graham County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the USA highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 10, 1881
Seat Safford
Largest City Safford
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,641 sq mi (12,020 km²)
4,623 sq mi (11,974 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 0.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

37,666
8.2/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website: www.graham.az.gov
LBT Pinaleno Mountains.40936
The Large Binocular Telescope on the summit ridge of the Pinaleno Mountains, Graham County.

Graham County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,220, making it the third-least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Safford.

Graham County composes the Safford, AZ Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is home to several organizations including Eastern Arizona College and the Mount Graham International Observatory, which includes one of the world's largest and most powerful telescopes. Graham County is also home to the Arizona Salsa Trail and the annual Salsa Fest.

Graham County contains part of the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.

History

Joseph Knight Rogers, an early settler in the area, and a member of the Arizona Territorial Legislature, is known as the father of Graham County. He introduced the bill in the territorial legislature creating Graham County. Graham County was created from southern Apache County and eastern Pima County on March 10, 1881. Initially, the county seat was located in the city of Safford but was later moved to Solomonville in 1883. This change was undone in 1915, returning the county seat to Safford.

Graham County is named after the mountain by the same name and was the first Arizonan county to break the tradition of naming counties for Native Americans.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,641 square miles (12,020 km2), of which 4,623 square miles (11,970 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (0.4%) is water. The county has various mountain ranges including Mount Graham, which is the highest mountain in the Pinaleno Mountains.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Coronado National Forest (part)
  • Gila Box Riparian National Conservation Area (part)

Major highways

  • US 70.svg U.S. Route 70
  • US 191.svg U.S. Route 191
  • Arizona 266.svg State Route 266
  • Arizona 366.svg State Route 366

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,670
1900 14,162 149.8%
1910 23,999 69.5%
1920 10,148 −57.7%
1930 10,373 2.2%
1940 12,113 16.8%
1950 12,985 7.2%
1960 14,045 8.2%
1970 16,578 18.0%
1980 22,862 37.9%
1990 26,554 16.1%
2000 33,489 26.1%
2010 37,220 11.1%
Est. 2015 37,666 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015
Roper1-kmf
Roper Lake, south of Safford.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 33,489 people, 10,116 households, and 7,617 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 11,430 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.11% White, 1.87% Black or African American, 14.95% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 13.35% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 27.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.38% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 6.35% speak a Southern Athabaskan language.

There were 10,116 households out of which 39.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.10% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 112.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,668, and the median income for a family was $34,417. Males had a median income of $30,524 versus $20,739 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,139. About 17.70% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,220 people, 11,120 households, and 8,188 families residing in the county. The population density was 8.1 inhabitants per square mile (3.1/km2). There were 12,980 housing units at an average density of 2.8 per square mile (1.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.1% white, 14.4% American Indian, 1.8% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 8.2% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.1% were English, 9.2% were German, 6.9% were Irish, and 4.3% were American.

Of the 11,120 households, 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.4% were non-families, and 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.50. The median age was 31.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,683 and the median income for a family was $48,005. Males had a median income of $41,732 versus $25,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,644. About 15.9% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Graham County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas
Locations of incorporated and unincorporated areas as well as Indian reservations in Graham County.

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Linarite-290594
Linarite specimen from the old Grand Reef mine near Klondyke.

Ghost towns

Indian reservations

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Graham County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 Safford 9,566 City
2 Thatcher 4,865 Town
3 Swift Trail Junction 2,935 CDP
4 Pima 2,387 Town
5 Bylas 1,962 CDP
6 Cactus Flats 1,518 CDP
7 Peridot (Partially in Gila County) 1,350 CDP
8 Central 645 CDP
9 San Jose 506 CDP
10 Solomon 426 CDP
11 Fort Thomas 374 CDP
12 Bryce 175 CDP

Graham County, Arizona Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.