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Granby, Connecticut
Civil War Soldiers' Monument in the town center
Civil War Soldiers' Monument in the town center
Official seal of Granby, Connecticut
Location in Hartford County, Connecticut
Country  United States
U.S. state  Connecticut
County Hartford
Metropolitan area Hartford
Settled 1723
Incorporated 1786
Villages Granby (Salmon Brook)
Five Points
North Granby
West Granby
 • Type Board of selectmen-town manager
 • Total 40.8 sq mi (105.7 km2)
 • Land 40.7 sq mi (105.4 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
550 ft (167 m)
 • Total 10,903
 • Density 267.16/sq mi (103.15/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06035, 06060, 06090
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-32640
GNIS feature ID 0213434
Major highways US 202.svg

Granby is a town in far northern Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 10,903 at the 2020 census. The town center is defined as a census-designated place known as Salmon Brook. Other areas in town include North Granby and West Granby. Granby is a rural town, located in the foothills of the Litchfield Hills of the Berkshires, besides the suburban natured center, the outskirts of town are filled with dense woods and rolling hills and mountains. From the 1890s to the 1920s many immigrants from Sweden came to reside in the town.


Granby was founded by people who lived in Simsbury and settled as early as 1723. Granby was part of Simsbury until 1786, when it became independent. The name is from Granby, Massachusetts in return, where it was named in honor of John Manners, Marquess of Granby.

Part of Southwick, Massachusetts, known as "the Notch" seceded from Massachusetts in 1774, just before the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. This territory became part of Granby when it seceded from Simsbury, but was returned to Southwick as part of an 1803-4 border dispute compromise. (See History of Massachusetts.)

Daniel Hayes

Daniel Hayes Gravestone
Daniel Hayes gravestone

In 1707, Daniel Hayes, then aged twenty-two, was captured by the indigenous people and carried off to Canada. The capture was witnessed, and a rescue party raised, but the group did not catch up with the captors. He was tied up each night, and bound to saplings. It took thirty days to reach Canada, at which point Hayes was forced to run the gauntlet. Near the end of the gauntlet, he hid in a wigwam to avoid an attempted blow by a club. The woman in the wigwam declared that the house was sacred, and having lost a husband and son to a war, adopted Hayes as her son. He remained for several years, attending to the woman. Eventually, he was sold to a Frenchman, who learned that Hayes had skill as a weaver, so put him to work in that business. Hayes managed to earn enough to buy his freedom after two years. He then returned to Simsbury, settled down on a farm and married. He became prominent, both in civil affairs as well as the church at Salmon Brook (now Granby).

First coins in the American colonies

The first unauthorized coins minted in the American colonies, and the first in Connecticut, were struck by Dr. Samuel Higley in 1737 from copper mined from his own mine. The coins, including the Trader's Currency Token of the Colony of Connecticut were minted in North Simsbury, now called Granby. These coins were made of pure copper, which is very soft. Consequently, there are very few in existence today. The first coins were inscribed with a value of three pence. Later versions carried the phrase "Value me as you please."

Modern history

In 2009 Connecticut Magazine ranked Granby the #3 overall Connecticut small town (population 10,000-1500) to live in, and #1 small town in Hartford County.

Dewey Oak Tree - White Oak, Granby, CT - October 17, 2010
"Dewey Oak" in Granby, CT


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.8 square miles (105.7 km2), of which 40.7 square miles (105.4 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.33%, is water. The town center (Salmon Brook CDP) has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land. According to Google Earth, the highest point in Granby is 1,153 feet (351 m) in West Granby at 41°55'57.81" N 72°53'17.18" W. The town is covered in dense woodlands containing animals such as the Black Bear, Eastern Moose, and white-tailed deer. Granby gets a lot of snowfall during the winter and is warm during the summer. Snow and cold temperatures are not uncommon in spring and fall due to the town located in The Berkshires


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,012
1850 2,498
1860 1,720 −31.1%
1870 1,517 −11.8%
1880 1,340 −11.7%
1890 1,251 −6.6%
1900 1,299 3.8%
1910 1,383 6.5%
1920 1,342 −3.0%
1930 1,388 3.4%
1940 1,544 11.2%
1950 2,693 74.4%
1960 4,968 84.5%
1970 6,150 23.8%
1980 7,956 29.4%
1990 9,369 17.8%
2000 10,347 10.4%
2010 11,282 9.0%
2020 10,903 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,347 people, 3,781 households, and 2,994 families residing in the town. The population density was 254.3 people per square mile (98.2/km2). There were 3,887 housing units at an average density of 95.5 per square mile (36.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.54% White, 0.61% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 3,781 households, out of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $81,151, and the median income for a family was $90,057. Males had a median income of $63,093 versus $42,203 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,863. About 1.5% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Granby has a substantial Horse population, primarily due to it being a Horse town.

National Register of Historic Places

Frederick H. Cossitt Library
Frederick H. Cossitt Library


Granby's public school system consists of one primary school, one intermediate school, one middle school, and one high school.

  • Kelly Lane Primary School (Grades: K-2)
  • Wells Road Intermediate School (Grades: 3-5)
  • Granby Memorial Middle School (Grades: 6-8)
  • Granby Memorial High School (Grades: 9-12)

Notable residents

  • Adam Burt (b. 1969), former NHL player, played with the Hartford Whalers
  • Joe Bouchard (b. 1948), musician, member of Blue Öyster Cult
  • Jesse Camp (b. 1979), MTV VJ
  • Chauncey Forward (1793–1839), congressman from Pennsylvania
  • Bryan Nash Gill (1961–2013), artist
  • George S. Godard (1865–1936), librarian
  • Philip C. Hayes (1833–1916), congressman from Illinois
  • Byron Kilbourn (1801–1870), surveyor and politician
  • Rebecca Lobo (b. 1973), former Women's National Basketball Association player
  • Garrett Lucash (b. 1978), figure skater
  • Theodore Mills Maltbie (1842-1915), lawyer and politician
  • William M. Maltbie (1880–1961), Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court
  • Aaron Draper Shattuck (1832–1928), painter of the White Mountain School

See also

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