Grand Rapids, Minnesota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Grand Rapids, Minnesota
City
Location of the city of Grand Rapidswithin Itasca County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Grand Rapids
within Itasca County, Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Itasca
Founded Circa 1872
Incorporated (village) June 9, 1891
Area
 • Total 24.44 sq mi (63.30 km2)
 • Land 22.56 sq mi (58.43 km2)
 • Water 1.88 sq mi (4.87 km2)
Elevation 1,286 ft (392 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,869
 • Estimate (2015) 11,127
 • Density 481.8/sq mi (186.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55730, 55744, 55745
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-25118
GNIS feature ID 0656428
Website cityofgrandrapidsmn.com

Grand Rapids is a city in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 10,869 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Itasca County.

The city of Grand Rapids is named for the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) long local rapids in the Mississippi River, which was the uppermost limit of practical steamboat travel during the late 19th century. Today, those rapids are hidden underneath the dam of the Blandin Paper Mill.

History

Grand Rapids was founded as a logging town, as the Mississippi River provided an optimal method of log shipment to population centers. The predecessor of the Blandin paper mill opened in 1902.

The town was also the childhood home of Judy Garland, born Frances Ethel Gumm.

The Forest History Center is a State Historic Site and a living history museum that recreates life as it was in a turn of the 20th century logging camp. Costumed interpreters guide visitors through a recreated circa 1890s logging camp to educate the public on the history of white pine logging and its relevance to today's economy. Miles of nature trails, educational naturalist programming, and an interpretive museum are also located on the site.

Old Central School, located in downtown Grand Rapids, was built in 1895 in the Richardsonian Romanesque style of architecture. The three story building served as an elementary school from 1895 to 1972. A community effort restored the building in 1984 and it now serves as a location for commerce and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.44 square miles (63.30 km2), of which 22.56 square miles (58.43 km2) is land and 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2) is water.

Grand Rapids is the county seat of Itasca County, a county that contains over 1000 lakes.

The city of Grand Rapids sits at the junction of U.S. Highways 2 and 169. U.S. Highway 2 runs west towards Bemidji and east towards Duluth. U.S. Highway 169 heads south to Hill City, and ultimately towards the city of Minneapolis. In the other direction, U.S. Highway 169 heads up the Mesabi Range until it reaches the city of Virginia, passing through Hibbing and several other smaller towns along the way. Grand Rapids is also the starting point of State Highway 38, running 47 miles (76 km) north along the Edge of the Wilderness Scenic Byway towards Effie. State Highway 38 has been designated a National Scenic Byway by the United States Department of Transportation.

Major highways

The following routes are located within the city of Grand Rapids.

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 169 (MN).svg U.S. Highway 169
  • MN-38.svg Minnesota State Highway 38 – Edge of the Wilderness Scenic Byway

Climate

The city of Grand Rapids has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification Dfb) with warm summers and long, cold winters, typical of its location on the Mesabi Iron Range.

Climate data for Grand Rapids, Minnesota (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 51
(10.6)
61
(16.1)
80
(26.7)
93
(33.9)
101
(38.3)
100
(37.8)
104
(40)
100
(37.8)
99
(37.2)
89
(31.7)
71
(21.7)
59
(15)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 19.4
(-7)
26.3
(-3.17)
38.5
(3.61)
54.3
(12.39)
67.0
(19.44)
75.5
(24.17)
80.2
(26.78)
78.2
(25.67)
67.9
(19.94)
53.8
(12.11)
36.6
(2.56)
22.5
(-5.28)
51.7
(10.94)
Average low °F (°C) −2.7
(-19.28)
2.3
(-16.5)
16.1
(-8.83)
29.7
(-1.28)
41.4
(5.22)
51.1
(10.61)
56.0
(13.33)
54.1
(12.28)
44.9
(7.17)
33.3
(0.72)
20.1
(-6.61)
4.2
(-15.44)
29.2
(-1.56)
Record low °F (°C) −51
(-46.1)
−45
(-42.8)
−39
(-39.4)
−10
(-23.3)
11
(-11.7)
24
(-4.4)
33
(0.6)
27
(-2.8)
15
(-9.4)
-3
(-19.4)
−25
(-31.7)
−45
(-42.8)
−51
(-46.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.92
(23.4)
0.64
(16.3)
1.31
(33.3)
2.06
(52.3)
3.07
(78)
4.37
(111)
4.29
(109)
3.41
(86.6)
3.31
(84.1)
2.81
(71.4)
1.61
(40.9)
1.07
(27.2)
28.87
(733.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 12.3
(31.2)
7.2
(18.3)
7.7
(19.6)
3.8
(9.7)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Trace 1.5
(3.8)
9.4
(23.9)
11.7
(29.7)
54.4
(138.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10 9 9 9 12 13 12 10 12 11 10 11 128
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 11 8 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 7 11 48
Source: NOAA (extremes 1915–present)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,428
1910 2,230 56.2%
1920 2,914 30.7%
1930 3,205 10.0%
1940 4,875 52.1%
1950 6,019 23.5%
1960 7,265 20.7%
1970 7,247 −0.2%
1980 7,934 9.5%
1990 7,976 0.5%
2000 7,764 −2.7%
2010 10,869 40.0%
Est. 2015 11,127 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,869 people, 4,615 households, and 2,633 families residing in the city. The population density was 481.8 inhabitants per square mile (186.0/km2). There were 4,910 housing units at an average density of 217.6 per square mile (84.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.6% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,615 households of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 42 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,764 people, 3,446 households, and 1,943 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,057.8 people per square mile (408.4/km²). There were 3,621 housing units at an average density of 493.3 per square mile (190.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.53% White, 0.28% African American, 1.93% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 3,446 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,991, and the median income for a family was $39,468. Males had a median income of $36,035 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,223. About 9.2% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

Churches in Grand Rapids include St. Luke's Evangelical Lutheran Church, member of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS); St. Andrew's Lutheran Church and Zion Lutheran Churches, members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA); and St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church.

Images for kids


Grand Rapids, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.