Hardeeville, South Carolina facts for kids

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Hardeeville, South Carolina
City
U.S. Highway 17 in Hardeeville
U.S. Highway 17 in Hardeeville
Official seal of Hardeeville, South Carolina
Seal
Official logo of Hardeeville, South Carolina
Logo
Location in South Carolina
Location in South Carolina
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Beaufort, Jasper
Incorporated 1911
Area
 • Total 49.7 sq mi (128.7 km2)
 • Land 49.7 sq mi (128.7 km2)
Elevation 23 ft (7 m)
Population
 • Estimate (2014) 4,789
 • Density 162.1/sq mi (419.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29927
29909 (portions of)
29936 (portions of)
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-32245
GNIS feature ID 1223032
Website www.cityofhardeeville.com

Hardeeville is a city in Jasper and Beaufort counties in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The population was 4,789 in 2014 based on estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Hardeeville is included within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

For many years, Hardeeville billed itself as the "Lowcountry Host" due to the prevalence of lodging and traveler-oriented facilities along U.S. Highway 17 and later Interstate 95. In recent years, the city has expanded its economic focus due to high population growth. According to Census estimates, Hardeeville posted the highest population growth rate of any municipality in South Carolina, growing 53.4 percent from 2010 to 2014.

History

Purrysburg
This marker indicates the former location of the Purrysburg settlement

The earliest European settlement in the region was Purrysburg, a former Swiss Huguenot settlement founded in 1732 on the banks of the Savannah River, about two miles (3 km) northwest of the current city's center. The settlement ultimately failed as disease and competition from growing Savannah proved too much for the local settlers to overcome. Many left the immediate area, moving elsewhere in the Lowcountry region (including a new hamlet called Switzerland) or upriver to the new communities of Augusta and Hamburg, though some remained.

The area saw some skirmishes between Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War. The Charleston and Savannah Railway (today's CSX railway) was considered a prized possession and major strategic goal for Union forces. In an effort to defend the railroad, the Battle of Honey Hill was one of the last battles won by southern forces in late 1864, shortly before General William Sherman attacked South Carolina after his "March to the Sea" in Georgia.

Hardeeville-7
Argent Lumber Company locomotive on display

The area within the city was settled in the 19th century by Isaac Hardee, a native North Carolinean. Through his son, White William Hardee's efforts, a depot and general store along the Charleston to Savannah railway opened up. This depot and the surrounding areas became collectively known as Hardee's Station, and eventually as Hardeeville at the town's founding in 1911. The area became renowned for its timber operations with the Argent Lumber Company, which had one of the largest logging operations in the world centered around the town. Unique to the area was the swamp logging procedure that was utilized, which made operations far more treacherous than standard logging. 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge railroads were constructed to help deliver timber to a processing area, where the lumber would be lifted onto 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) rail cars or trucks headed to all parts of North America. As a tribute to Argent's impact on the community, the city was donated an H.K. Porter 2-8-0 steam locomotive (c/n 4776, built January 1911), Argent Lumber Company Number 7, for display in 1960.

Growth continued at a modest pace throughout the rest of the 20th century, though timbering operations were gradually scaled back as overseas lands became more sought after due to lower costs and more standard logging procedures. In spite of the decline of the logging industry, the construction of U.S. Route 17 and later Interstate 95 provided a new type of commerce; motorist services such as motels, restaurants, and gas stations. The development of Hilton Head Island as a resort destination had a further impact on the community, with an additional interstate exit providing greater commercial opportunity and affordable costs of living for service employees who moved to the city.

At the start of the 21st century, development pressures along U.S. Route 278 corridor became a central concern for city leaders. In response, Hardeeville began to annex large undeveloped parcels of land that were previously held by timbering and paper concerns. These annexations were done in order to guide new growth into larger planned developments, increasing the city limits from 5 square miles (13 km2) in 2000 to over 50 square miles (130 km2) in 2010. In 2004, Core Communities became the first company to sign a development agreement with the city and began constructing Tradition Hilton Head. In the following years, other developments have begun or announced plans at developing in these areas. Although the recession beginning in late 2007 had significantly slowed down the pace of development, the city has continued to grow due to continuous commitments from existing developers, and new investment related to industrial and commercial opportunities. These investments have allowed the city to make improvements to its existing areas in the form of streetscaping projects, improved community facilities, and general reinvestment.

Geography

Hardeeville is located at 32°17′2″N 81°4′43″W / 32.28389°N 81.07861°W / 32.28389; -81.07861 (32.283850, -81.078496).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.7 square miles (129 km2), all land in 2010. Nearly 90 percent of the city limits was annexed between 2000 and 2010, primarily to accommodate large, planned development communities located on former lands devoted to logging and timber harvesting.

The vast majority of the city is located on flat coastal plain land, with very few variations in elevation. The average elevation of the city is approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) above mean sea level. Most of Hardeeville is located within Jasper County, though a small portion of the city limits crosses into Beaufort County. Much of the city is bordered to the west by the Savannah National Wildlife Refuge, a large-scale nature preserve along the South Carolina and Georgia sides of the Savannah River.

Neighborhoods

Although a small community in terms of population, Hardeeville is among the ten largest municipalities in South Carolina based on incorporated limits. The city has a small downtown area along with newly developing areas primarily along the U.S. 278 corridor. At the present time, there are two distinct population centers: Downtown and New River.

"Downtown" or "Historic Hardeeville" refers generally to the original city limit extents of the community, bound between Exits 5 and 8 along I-95 and between the interstate and the CSX rail line. Downtown consists mostly of one-story single-family homes and one to two story apartments. Main Street (S.C. 46) and Whyte Hardee Boulevard (U.S. 17) provide the majority of commercial development in downtown. Locally oriented commerce is located along Main Street and northern portions of Whyte Hardee Boulevard. Nearby neighborhoods often associated with downtown include Car Moorer Acres, Pine Arbor, Heritage Place, Jenny Greeene, and Deerfield Village.

The "New River" area of Hardeeville contain large-scale planned developments along the U.S. 278 and Argent Boulevard corridors. A vast majority of population growth since 2005 has been attributed to these developments, which were annexed into the city between 2004 and 2010. These developments include Hilton Head Lakes, Hampton Pointe, Hearthstone Lakes, and Jasper County portions of Sun City Hilton Head. Additional neighborhoods include the Courtney Bend apartments and Camp Lake Jasper, an RV park.

Culture

Media

Hardeeville's weekly newspaper of record is Hardeeville Today, [1] which is a subsidiary of the Savannah Morning News. Other local newspapers that serve the community include the Jasper County Sun, and the Island Packet. The city of Hardeeville also owns and operates a public affairs channel (HTVN Channel 9) that can be seen on Hargray cable services. Broadcast channels shown on local services originate in the Savannah market.

Community facilities

  • Hardeeville City Hall
  • Hardeeville Museum (inside City Hall)
  • Hardeeville Community Library
  • Senior Citizens Center
  • Coastal Carolina Hospital
  • Hardeeville Recreational Park (sports and recreation fields & courts)
  • Hardeeville Veterans Park & Argent Lumber Company Engine 7
  • Sgt. Jasper County Park
  • The Sarge Disc Golf Course

Festivals and events

The city hosts celebrations throughout the year to garner community involvement and interest. Among the more notable celebrations include:

  • Easter Egg Hunt (March/April)
  • SC/GA Barbeque Festival (April)
  • Relay for Life (April/May)
  • Fireworks & Fun Fourth of July Celebration (June/July)
  • National Night Out (August)
  • Catfish Festival (Third weekend in September annually)
  • Christmas Parade and Christmas Tree Lighting (Second Saturday in December)

Sports and recreation

Through the city's recreation department, youth and adult athletics are sponsored year-round. Activities include football, flag football, basketball, softball, soccer, and cheerleading. Most recreational events take place at the city's recreation complex located behind City Hall.

The city is currently home to the University of South Carolina Beaufort Sand Sharks baseball and softball teams. The Sand Sharks have played at the Richard Gray Baseball Complex since 2008 and will continue games at the facility until a new facility is built on the USCB's south campus in Beaufort County.

Religion

The city is home to several Christian denominations, with most churches located in the downtown area. Other religious faiths have houses of worship in surrounding communities, especially in Beaufort, Hilton Head, and Savannah.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 252
1920 413
1930 728 76.3%
1940 1,361 87.0%
1960 700
1970 853 21.9%
1980 1,250 46.5%
1990 1,583 26.6%
2000 1,793 13.3%
2010 2,952 64.6%
Est. 2015 5,301 79.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 2,952 people, 1,068 households, and 693 families residing in the city. The population density was 59.4 people per square mile (22.91/km²). There were 1,292 housing units at an average density of 26.0/sq mi (10.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.7% White, 34.7% African American, 2.0% Asian, 16.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. There were no people of exclusive Native American or Pacific Islander origin living in the city. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.4% of the population, one of the highest percentages in South Carolina.

There were 1,068 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.24. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18 and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.3 years. Males slightly outnumbered females in total city population (51.7% to 48.3%, respectively).

Based on five-year estimates from the American Community Survey for 2010, the estimated median income for a household in the city was $33,088, and the median income for a family was $36,667. About 32.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.1% of those under age 18 and 46.1% of those age 65 or over.


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