Ingleby Barwick facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsIngleby Barwick
|Town and civil parish|
Official logo for the community of Ingleby Barwick
|Population||20,378 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference||NZ445140|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||TS17 5
TS17 0 (part)
|EU Parliament||North East England|
Ingleby Barwick is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, North Yorkshire, England. It is south of the River Tees and north-east of the River Leven.
Large scale development of the town started in the late 1970s on farm land south-west of Thornaby, the first development being officially opened on 30 July 1981 by the mayor of Langbaurgh. At a parish council meeting in February 2007, the parish gained town status in with the passing of a resolution under the Local Government Act 1972 s245(6).
In 2011, the population of the civil parish of Ingleby Barwick was 20,378, its two electoral wards (which also include the settlements of Hilton, Maltby, High Leven and Low Leven) had a population of 21,045.
- Notable current/former residents
- Images for kids
Although the development of Ingleby Barwick, as the housing estate which is present today, did not start until the late 1970s, the land has been occupied for thousands of years. Ingleby Barwick has a ceremonial Coat of Arms. The arms contain a representation of the three rivers that run around Ingleby Barwick. It also depicts mill-rinds which are an historical link to the Turner family, who used to own the land which now forms Ingleby Barwick. The crest shows a Teal bird which refers to a horse named Teal, trained at Middleham by Captain Neville Crump, which won the Grand National in 1952.
There are traces of human occupation from as far back as the Stone Age. Work at Quarry farm has discovered prolific concentrations of multi period flintwork along the South Bank of the River Tees in this area. Traces of Iron Age field patterns were discovered, also at Quarry Farm. A salvage excavation was carried out in the Windmills Fields area of the town at the end of 1996. Five individual burials were found along with a wooden cist, these finds were accompanied by objects containing stone, jet and copper alloy of high status. This site was considered of European significance as it threw new light on the settlement of the area in the Bronze age and highlighted a change in tradition of burial traditions and trade networks at this time. Roman settlement is also apparent in the town and a Roman Villa circa 200 AD, perhaps the most northerly in UK, was excavated in part. This has been preserved as a grassed area in The Forum area of Ingleby Barwick. The "official" report on the excavation was published in 2013 with the title "A Roman Villa at the Edge of Empire" ( ISBN 978-1-902771-90-8 )
The name Ingleby Barwick is derived from both Viking and Saxon place names. Ingleby is derived from Old Norse Englar+by and means 'farmstead or village of the English man', Barwick is Saxon in origin, Bere is Saxon for barley and Wick means farm. This suggests that the area was affected by both the Viking and Saxon invasions.It may have been that until the 17th century, Ingleby and Barwick were two separate places. After the Norman invasion The Manor of Barwick was given to Robert Malet the son of William Malet, King William's great chamberlain. In the 13th century the land was owned by the Priors of Guisborough & Jervaulx until the dissolution of monasteries. Between the 14th and 16th centuries landowners included the Percys of Northumberland and the Parrs of Nottingham. The Middle Ages are considered to have ended with the Renaissance in the mid 15th century
Early Modern history
In the 17th century the Manor of Barwick was sold to Sir Thomas Lynch, Governor of Jamaica and then to Sir William Turner of Kirkleatham. The land remaining in the ownership of the Turner's, with profits from the land used to support the free school and hospital at Kirkleatham, until it was sold in the 19th century.
Ingleby Barwick is listed as being a township in the parish of Stainton in 1887. Its population was given as 132. During this time the land was sold off by the Turner estate.
During the Second World War Ingleby Barwick stood near to the south-western perimeter of Thornaby Airfield and a number of aircraft crashed where Ingleby Barwick housing estate now stands. On 11 June 1940 a Coastal Command Lockheed Hudson crashed at Quarry Farm killing the four crew after the bomb load exploded on crashing. On 28 April 1941 a Bristol Blenheim crashed at Barwick Lane killing all three crew. On 18 December 1941 a Lockheed Hudson stalled soon after take off and crashed into Quarry Farm killing the five crew and four civilians. On 4 September 1942 a Lockheed Hudson crashed at Myton House Farm killing the four crew. The last aircraft accident was a Photo Reconnaissance de Havilland Mosquito which was attempting to land at Thornaby on one engine and crashed into land which is now home to Ingleby Mill School on 11 November 1943 killing both crew members; there is now a stone marking the crash site.
In 1969 Yarmside Holdings bought land for housing and the first houses were built at Lowfields in the late 1970s.
Since then there has been a major undertaking to build new housing and at one time Ingleby Barwick was reputed to be the largest private housing estate in Europe.
It is the home to one of the Olympic Golden Postboxes in honour of Kat Copeland's rowing gold at the 2012 London Olympics. The post box is located at the end of Apsley Way in The Rings.
There are still a number of features that pre-date the 1980s-onward development:
- The route of the original Barwick Lane, which gave access to much of the original farmland remains accessible. Its origin remains as a cul-de-sac, to the right of the Fox Covert Inn on Low Lane. This then becomes a cycle path, whose route can be navigated through Sober Hall, crossing Sober Hall Avenue, Pennine Way and Blair Avenue, passing close by Barley Fields Primary School and the Myton Road shops before crossing Blair Avenue's northern loop and terminating at the Myton Way/The Rings roundabout.
- Another original road route is preserved in the cycle path that runs in a westerly direction starting from the Teal Arms / Ingleby Barwick Post Office complex, this being the approximate former site of Low Farm. This route continues to the west of Myton Way, leading eventually to Barwick Farm.
- Low Farm. One of the buildings is incorporated in the Teal(Arms) pub.
- Black Mill on Raydale Beck is the remnant of a corn mill built on the original Sober Hall Farm, now residential.
- The Old Mill at the southern end of Barwick Lane is now a bed and breakfast
- Cleveland View on Barwick Lane is another former farm building, belonging originally to Lane House Farm.
- There are original buildings from Ingleby Hill Farm at the end of Heddon Grove, now residential.
- Ingleby Close Farm buildings, which lie on land originally occupied by Betty's Close Farm, now residential, lie between Crosswell Park and Trevine Gardens.
- No buildings from the original Myton House Farm remain, but its original site is marked by the public house that bears its name.
Ingleby Barwick consists largely of owner-occupied properties and private rental properties making up 98% of the population. Council housing makes up the other 2%.
The estate is divided into six "villages". These are not villages in the true sense of the word, but rather six geographic areas. The villages are:
- Sober Hall
- Round Hill
- Broom Hill
- The Rings (Under Construction, December 2014)
Latitude N 54:31:26 Longitude W 01:21:30
Ingleby Barwick is almost entirely surrounded by small rivers or streams. It is bordered by the Leven to the south, the Tees to the north and west, and Bassleton Beck to the east.
|Historical population of Ingleby Barwick
|2001 UK census||Ingleby Barwick||Stockton-On-Tees||England|
|Long term illness||9.31%||19.86%||17.93%|
|Married or remarried||64.6%||53.2%||50.9%|
The United Kingdom Census 2001 found Ingleby Barwick had 5,862 households and a population of 16,280, of which 8,272 were male and 8,008 female.
The town consists largely of owner-occupied properties and private rental properties making up 98% of the population. Council housing makes up the other 2%.
Ethnic diversity is minimal in Ingleby Barwick. Over 95% of residents class themselves as White British. The population is generally younger than average for Stockton-On-Tees with a mean age of 31.87 highlighting the high proportion of families with children in the town. In 2011 however, 92% of Ingleby Barwick's 21,045 residents were White British, 5.2% Asian and 0.4% Black.
Residents of Ingleby Barwick tend to have attained a higher level of education compared with Stockton-On-Tees and nationally. Over 25% of residents reported attaining a degree or higher level HNC/HND or NVQ compared with only 15% in Stockton as a whole.
The people of Ingleby Barwick enjoy a high employment rate, with 75% reporting themselves as being in full or part-time employment or being self-employed. Of these 76% usually travel to work by car or van, travelling an average distance of 21 km. Only 2.7% get to work on foot suggesting that most of the employment is from outside of Ingleby Barwick. The largest industry of employment was manufacturing accounting for 16.6% of the workforce. 50% of those working were in roles either in professional occupations or in companies at senior managerial levels.
Continued development of the area means the population of the town is expanding dramatically. Estimates put the population of Ingleby Barwick at 22,290 in mid 2016.
Ingleby Barwick has numerous local amenities. Lowfields village has a primary school (Whinstone Primary School), a Post Office within the Tesco owned OneStop convenience store, a public house ("The Teal") and other shops/take-aways. Beckfields village contains a community centre, a public house("The Beckfields"), and a small parade of shops. Within Ingleby Barwick centre there is a 24hr Tesco store,and other shops/take-aways, a public house ("Myton House Farm"), an Anglican Church dedicated to St Francis of Assisi, and associated centre., and a Catholic church dedicated to St Therese of Lisieux. Ingleby Barwick Community Campus which includes All Saints Academy and a Library are also situated within the centre. In 1997 a Bannatyne's health club was built to the west of Tesco. Plans have been approved for the building of a £10 million Leisure Centre, to be located alongside All Saints Academy. It will include a 25 metre swimming pool, a gym, a customer service point and the library. Preliminary work starts on 11 February 2017 and it is hoped that it will open "winter 2018/19".
Also within the estate are:
- Six primary schools
- Two secondary schools
- Three Public Houses
- A 9-hole golf course (which includes a golf driving range)
In November 2007 Stockton on Tees Borough Council approved plans to build St. Therese of Lisieux Catholic parish church next to the primary school of the same name, where services will continue to be held until funds can be obtained for the construction of the new church. In August 2014 the Diocese of Middlesbrough announced that it was soon to proceed with the building of the church. The building of the St Therese of Lisieux church started on 8 June 2015, completion expected "early 2016". Building work was completed in February 2016 and the first mass was celebrated on Saturday 5 March 2016.
Romano Park is situated on the land between Tesco and Barley Field primary school. The building of a play area for children under 14 years started in January 2009. Despite construction work being completed on time the official opening was delayed from the original date of July 2009.
The adjacent Multi-Use Sports Area has already been opened to the public, allowing people of all ages to play various sports, including football, basketball and tennis, but has become a magnet for anti-social behaviour.
Ingleby Barwick has two GP surgeries.
- Thornaby and Barwick Medical Centre
- Woodbridge Medical Centre
It has two pharmacies.
- Hepworth Chemist
- Kelly Chemist
It has two dental surgeries.
- Ingleby Meadow Dental Surgery
- Myton Park Dental Centre
It also has two optometric practices.
- Hepworth Opticians
- McCormick & Gorman
The All Saints School complex also contains a community library which is open to the public during specified times, seven days a week. Library facilities include computer access, CD/DVD hire, photocopying, reference section, a children's and an adult library.
The Library also plays host during elections to a Polling Station, created to facilitate voting.
Shops and retailers
There are collections of local shops at Lowfields, Beckfields, Myton Park, and Sandgate Park (opening early 2017) including:
- A Tesco Superstore supermarket at the Myton Park site
- 2 One stop shops one in Lowfields and one in Beckfields
- 2 bookmakers
- 3 hairdressers salons
- 2 estate agents
- a solicitors
- a vets
There are also 9 take-aways which are located in Lowfields, Beckfields and Myton Park on Myton Road. These include:
- 2 Chinese take-aways
- 2 fish and chips shops
- 2 curry houses
- 3 pizza outlets
Road. The A19 dual carriageway, one of the two main north -south roads of the north-east of England, is about 1.5 miles away. Access to the A66 dual carriageway, a major transpennine route, is about 2 miles away.
Bus. Arriva operate buses in Ingleby Barwick with regular services, day & evening, to Stockton seven days a week & Middlesbrough and Yarm Monday to Saturday.
Rail. The nearest stations, Eaglescliffe railway station, Thornaby railway station and Yarm Station are each about 4 miles away. Connections thence to the main line service at Darlington or York. Since May 2008 there has been a direct service with Grand Central Rail  from Eaglescliffe (EAG) to and from London (KGX), five times a day.
Air. Durham Tees Valley Airport (MME), with regular daily services to/from Aberdeen & Amsterdam, is about 8 miles away.
Ingleby Barwick is home to a football club - Thornaby & Ingleby Barwick Football Club - known as 'TIBS' and is based at Thornaby Road. It has a senior men's team playing in the North Riding Football League. They have junior sides for boys and girls running at all age groups.
There are also 3G and 4G football pitches available at the two secondary schools - All Saints and Ingleby Manor - as well at Bannatyne's leisure complex.
Ingleby Barwick Golf Course is a nine-hole venue with full facilities including an American Golf Shop - which is also home to a floodlight driving range which is the only double decker version in the North of England.
Ingleby is home to a 25-metre swimming pool at the IB Leisure complex who put on numerous lessons and clubs.
Angling is hugely popular on the banks of the River Tees that run through Ingleby Barwick and there are plenty of competitions on both sides. The North Bank is controlled by the Thornaby Angling Association and the South by the Lower Tees Angling Association.
The original Library was located within All Saints School. In 2020 the Library was relocated within the IB Leisure Centre. It is open to the public during specified times, seven days a week. Library facilities include free computer access, CD/DVD hire, photocopying, reference section, a children's and an adult library. The Library also plays host during elections to a Polling Station.
Ingleby Barwick has eight schools with six primary and two secondary education.
Whinstone is in Lowfields and is so named due to Ingleby Barwick formerly having a quarry, now the golf course in The Rings. In December 2017, the school became part of the Vision Academy Learning Trust.
Barley Fields opened in September 2006 and named due to Barwick, as a name, coming from a still operating farm that formally harvest barley in the large parts of the town and was the initial township.
St Francis of Assisi
St Francis of Assisi is in Broom Hill. The school is affiliated with the Church of England religion and therefore St. Francis church and All Saints Academy in the town. The school is a part of the Dales Academy Trust.
St. Thérèse of Lisieux
St Thérèse is a school religiously affiliated with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Middlesbrough and therefore St. Therese church in the town. The congregation previously used the school hall before the church was built.
The school is currently a part of the Nicholas Postgate Catholic Academy Trust.
Myton Park is named after Myton Farm House and is adjacent to All Saints Academy and IB Leisure Centre.
Ingleby Mill is a school named after a mill next to the current site. Barley Fields occupies the former site of Ingleby Mill which is opposite St. Thérèse.
All Saints Academy, is the oldest secondary school within Ingleby Barwick, located at the centre of the town. The school is affiliated with the Church of England religion and therefore St. Francis church in the town.
The school opened as All Saints Voluntary Aided Church of England Secondary School and initially accommodated 600 pupils. From September 2009 the admission number to year 7 had been increased to 140 pupils.
Previously a voluntary aided school administered by Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council and the Church of England Diocese of York, All Saints CofE School converted to academy status in May 2013 and was renamed All Saints Academy. The school is still administered by the Diocese of York but is now independent of council control.
They are three schools that cover all or parts of Ingleby Barwick in their catchment areas:
- Ingleby Manor Free School in Maltby
- Conyers' School in Yarm
- Egglescliffe School in Eaglescliffe
- St Patrick's Catholic College in Thornaby.
Ingleby is accessible by three roads: Queen Elizabeth Way (north), Ingleby Way (east) and Barwick Way (south). The latter two lead to the A1044 due to the road switching from east-west to north-south in nearby Maltby. Barwick Way leads to the road when it is under as Low Lane while Ingleby Way the road the road is under as Thornaby Road, the latter was formerly designated as the A1045.
Due to its nature as a commuter town Ingleby Barwick has long faced traffic congestion at peak times. Speeding has also been a problem within the main roads in the town. On 15 July 2011, 9-year old Brandon Maggs died after being hit by a speeding car driven by a pizza delivery driver on Roundhill Avenue. This prompted residents to launch a campaign to reduce speeding on the main estate roads which lead to a number of traffic calming measures on main roads throughout the town.
In 2016, due to the housing development of The Rings being built, Myton Way was upgraded to dual-carrigeway from the Tesco roundabout to Broom Hill, and the Sandgate roundabout was replaced with traffic signals. Ingleby Way was also dualled from the Tesco roundabout to Barwick Way roundabout. The works started on Monday 29 February 2016 and were completed on Thursday 22 December 2016, apart from some footpath work.
Arriva North East operate buses in Ingleby Barwick with regular services, day & evening, to Stockton seven days a week & Middlesbrough and Yarm Monday to Saturday.Teesside International Airport with regular daily services to/from Aberdeen and Amsterdam, is about 8 miles away.
Adjacent settlements of Yarm, Eaglescliffe and Thornaby each have railway stations approximately four miles away. Connections to the main line service, at Darlington or York, are further connected to these three stations. Since May 2008, there has been a direct service with Grand Central at Eaglescliffe to and from London King's Cross, five times a day.
The route of the original Barwick Lane, which gave access to much of the original farmland remains mainly as a public footpath; parts remain in use as unconnected access roads such as at High Leven. The route goes through Sober Hall, crossing Sober Hall Avenue, Pennine Way and Blair Avenue, passing west of Barley Fields Primary School and the Myton Road shops. The original end of Barwick Lane, leading to Barwick Farm, is north-west in the town (The Rings). The lane has had multiple spurs to other farms predating modern housing.
Notable current/former residents
- Ben Houchen, first and current Tees Valley Mayor, was brought up in Ingleby.
- Juninho Paulista, lived in Ingleby Barwick during his time at Middlesbrough FC.
- Katherine Copeland, a rower who won a gold medal at London 2012 Olympic Games. A gold-painted Royal Mail Postbox honours the medal win, located at the end of Apsley Way in the town's north-west.
- Nathan Thomas (footballer), born in Ingleby Barwick.
- Nathan Wood, born in Ingleby and is a footballer for Middlesbrough FC.