Krakatoa facts for kids

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Krakatoa
Krakatoa eruption lithograph.jpg
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa.
Prominence 813 m (2,667 ft)
Listing Spesial Ribu
Location
Location within Indonesia
Location Indonesia
Geology
Type Caldera
Last eruption March 2014
Map krakatau
Map
Krakatoa eruption 2008
2008 eruption

Krakatoa (Indonesian name: Krakatau) is an active volcano in the Sunda Strait, Indonesia. The volcano has erupted repeatedly in known history. The best known of these events occurred in late August 1883.

Volcanos

The 1883 eruption ejected more than six cubic miles (25 cubic kilometers) of rock, ash, and pumice [1], and made the loudest sound ever recorded by human beings. The sound was heard as far away as Perth in Australia (3,500 km; 2,200 miles), and the island of Rodrigues near Mauritius (4,800 km; 3,000 miles). Many thousands of people were killed and injured by the eruption, mostly in the tsunami (giant wave) which followed the explosion.

The pressure wave from the final explosion was recorded on barographs around the world, which continued to register it up to 5 days after the explosion. The recordings show that the shock wave from the final explosion reverberated around the globe seven times.

The eruption destroyed two-thirds of what was then the island of Krakatoa. New eruptions at the volcano since 1927 have built a new island, called Anak Krakatau (child of Krakatoa).

Name

Edmond Roberts called Krakatoa, Crokatoa, in 1832.

Related pages

Images for kids


Krakatoa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.