Lev Landau facts for kids
Lev Landau  



Born  Lev Davidovich Landau 22 January 1908 Baku, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire 
Died  1 April 1968 (aged 60) Moscow, Soviet Union 
Residence  Soviet Union 
Citizenship  Soviet Union 
Fields  Theoretical physics 
Institutions  Kharkov Polytechnical Institute and Kharkov University (later Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology) Institute for Physical Problems (RAS) MSU Faculty of Physics 
Alma mater  Baku State University Leningrad State University (diploma, 1927) Leningrad PhysicoTechnical Institute (D.Sc., 1934) 
Academic advisors  Niels Bohr 
Doctoral students  Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov 
Other notable students  Evgeny Lifshitz 
Known for  Landau damping Landau distribution Landau gauge Landau pole Landau susceptibility Landau potential Landau quantization Landau theory Landau–Squire jet Landau–Levich problem Stuart–Landau equation Ginzburg–Landau theory Darrieus–Landau instability Landau kinetic equation Landau–Raychaudhuri equation Landau–Zener formula LandauLifshitz fluctuating hydrodynamics Landau–Lifshitz model Landau–Lifshitz pseudotensor Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation Landau–Pomeranchuk–Migdal effect Landau–Yang theorem Landau principle Landau–Hopf theory of turbulence Superfluidity Superconductivity Course of Theoretical Physics 
Notable awards  Stalin Prize (1946) Max Planck Medal (1960) Nobel Prize in Physics (1962) 
Lev Davidovich Landau (22 January 1908 – 1 April 1968) was a Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics.
His accomplishments include the independent codiscovery of the density matrix method in quantum mechanics (alongside John von Neumann), the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, the theory of secondorder phase transitions, the Ginzburg–Landau theory of superconductivity, the theory of Fermi liquid, the explanation of Landau damping in plasma physics, the Landau pole in quantum electrodynamics, the twocomponent theory of neutrinos, and Landau's equations for S matrix singularities.
He received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2.17 K (−270.98 °C).