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Lev Landau
Born Lev Davidovich Landau
(1908-01-22)22 January 1908
Baku, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 1 April 1968(1968-04-01) (aged 60)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Residence Soviet Union
Citizenship Soviet Union
Fields Theoretical physics
Institutions Kharkov Polytechnical Institute and Kharkov University (later Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology)
Institute for Physical Problems (RAS)
MSU Faculty of Physics
Alma mater Baku State University
Leningrad State University (diploma, 1927)
Leningrad Physico-Technical Institute (D.Sc., 1934)
Academic advisors Niels Bohr
Doctoral students Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov
Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov
Other notable students Evgeny Lifshitz
Known for Landau damping
Landau distribution
Landau gauge
Landau pole
Landau susceptibility
Landau potential
Landau quantization
Landau theory
Landau–Squire jet
Landau–Levich problem
Stuart–Landau equation
Ginzburg–Landau theory
Darrieus–Landau instability
Landau kinetic equation
Landau–Raychaudhuri equation
Landau–Zener formula
Landau-Lifshitz fluctuating hydrodynamics
Landau–Lifshitz model
Landau–Lifshitz pseudotensor
Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation
Landau–Pomeranchuk–Migdal effect
Landau–Yang theorem
Landau principle
Landau–Hopf theory of turbulence
Superfluidity
Superconductivity
Course of Theoretical Physics
Notable awards Stalin Prize (1946)
Max Planck Medal (1960)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1962)

Lev Davidovich Landau (22 January 1908 – 1 April 1968) was a Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics.

His accomplishments include the independent co-discovery of the density matrix method in quantum mechanics (alongside John von Neumann), the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, the theory of second-order phase transitions, the Ginzburg–Landau theory of superconductivity, the theory of Fermi liquid, the explanation of Landau damping in plasma physics, the Landau pole in quantum electrodynamics, the two-component theory of neutrinos, and Landau's equations for S matrix singularities.

He received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2.17 K (−270.98 °C).

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