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List of mammals of Georgia (country) facts for kids

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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in the country of Georgia. There are 80 mammal species in Georgia, of which 1 is critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 10 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:

LR/cd Lower risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.

Subclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

Pallas Sicista betulina 1778-79
Northern birch mouse
Chomik europejski
European hamster
D3 Apodemus Agrarius
Striped field mouse

Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

  • Suborder: Hystricognathi
      • Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
          • Genus: Hystrix
            • Indian porcupine Hystrix indica LR/lc
  • Suborder: Sciurognathi
      • Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
        • Subfamily: Sciurinae
          • Tribe: Sciurini
            • Genus: Sciurus
              • Caucasian squirrel Sciurus anomalus LR/nt
        • Subfamily: Xerinae
      • Family: Gliridae (dormice)
      • Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
        • Subfamily: Allactaginae
          • Genus: Allactaga
            • Small five-toed jerboa Allactaga elater LR/lc
        • Subfamily: Sicistinae
          • Genus: Sicista
            • Northern birch mouse Sicista betulina LR/nt
            • Kazbeg birch mouse Sicista kazbegica DD
      • Family: Spalacidae
        • Subfamily: Spalacinae
          • Genus: Nannospalax
            • Nehring's blind mole-rat Nannospalax nehringi LR/lc
      • Family: Cricetidae
        • Subfamily: Cricetinae
        • Subfamily: Arvicolinae
          • Genus: Chionomys
            • Caucasian snow vole Chionomys gud LR/nt
            • Snow vole Chionomys nivalis LR/nt
            • Robert's snow vole Chionomys roberti LR/nt
          • Genus: Ellobius
            • Transcaucasian mole vole Ellobius lutescens LR/lc
          • Genus: Microtus
            • Altai vole Microtus obscurus LR/lc
          • Genus: Prometheomys
            • Long-clawed mole vole Prometheomys schaposchnikowi LR/lc
      • Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
        • Subfamily: Murinae
          • Genus: Apodemus
            • Striped field mouse Apodemus agrarius LR/lc
            • Yellow-breasted field mouse Apodemus fulvipectus LR/lc
            • Broad-toothed field mouse Apodemus mystacinus LR/lc
            • Black Sea field mouse Apodemus ponticus LR/lc
            • Ural field mouse Apodemus uralensis LR/lc
          • Genus: Micromys
            • Harvest mouse Micromys minutus LR/nt

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

    • Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
      • Subfamily: Erinaceinae
        • Genus: Erinaceus
          • Southern white-breasted hedgehog Erinaceus concolor LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)

Sorex minutus-1
Eurasian pygmy shrew

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

    • Family: Soricidae (shrews)
      • Subfamily: Crocidurinae
        • Genus: Crocidura
          • Gueldenstaedt's shrew Crocidura gueldenstaedtii LR/lc
          • Bicolored shrew Crocidura leucodon LR/lc
          • Lesser white-toothed shrew Crocidura suaveolens LR/lc
        • Genus: Suncus
      • Subfamily: Soricinae
        • Tribe: Nectogalini
          • Genus: Neomys
            • Transcaucasian water shrew Neomys schelkovnikovi LR/lc
        • Tribe: Soricini
          • Genus: Sorex
            • Eurasian pygmy shrew Sorex minutus LR/lc
            • Radde's shrew Sorex raddei LR/lc
            • Caucasian pygmy shrew Sorex volnuchini LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

Nyctalus leisleri
Lesser noctule

The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

    • Family: Vespertilionidae
      • Subfamily: Myotinae
        • Genus: Myotis
          • Bechstein's bat Myotis bechsteini VU
          • Lesser mouse-eared bat Myotis blythii LR/lc
          • Geoffroy's bat Myotis emarginatus VU
          • Natterer's bat Myotis nattereri LR/lc
      • Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
        • Genus: Barbastella
          • Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus VU
          • Asian barbastelle Barbastella leucomelas LR/lc
        • Genus: Eptesicus
        • Genus: Hypsugo
          • Savi's pipistrelle Hypsugo savii LR/lc
        • Genus: Nyctalus
          • Greater noctule bat Nyctalus lasiopterus LR/nt
          • Lesser noctule Nyctalus leisleri LR/nt
        • Genus: Pipistrellus
          • Kuhl's pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii LC
          • Nathusius' pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii LR/lc
          • Common pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus LC
        • Genus: Plecotus
          • Brown long-eared bat Plecotus auritus LR/lc
          • Grey long-eared bat Plecotus austriacus LR/lc
      • Subfamily: Miniopterinae
        • Genus: Miniopterus
          • Schreibers' long-fingered bat Miniopterus schreibersii LC
    • Family: Rhinolophidae
      • Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
        • Genus: Rhinolophus
          • Mediterranean horseshoe bat Rhinolophus euryale VU
          • Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum LR/nt
          • Lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros LC
          • Mehely's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus mehelyi VU

Order: Cetacea (whales)

Bottlenose dolphins in Sapelo Island National Estuarine Research Reserve
Dolphins swim near ferry in port of Batumi 150505-A-PU919-7446
Common dolphins porpoising along a ferry at the port of Batumi

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)

Persian Leopard sitting
Persian leopard

There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

  • Family: Cervidae (deer)
    • Subfamily: Cervinae
      • Genus: Cervus
    • Subfamily: Capreolinae
  • Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
    • Subfamily: Antilopinae
    • Subfamily: Caprinae
      • Genus: Capra
        • Wild goat Capra aegagrus VU
        • West Caucasian Tur Capra caucasica EN
        • East Caucasian Tur Capra cylindricornis VU
      • Genus: Ovis
      • Genus: Rupicapra
        • Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra LR/lc
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List of mammals of Georgia (country) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.