Massac County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Massac County, Illinois
Map

Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 8, 1843
Seat Metropolis
Largest City Metropolis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

242 sq mi (627 km²)
237 sq mi (614 km²)
4.6 sq mi (12 km²), 1.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

15,429
65/sq mi (25/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Massac County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 15,429. Its county seat is Metropolis.

Massac County is included in the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Ohio River, in the portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

History

This area was occupied by various cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. The most complex and last was that of the Mississippian culture, which built the complex mounds and plaza at the Kincaid Site (now a National Historic Landmark). They abandoned the site in about 1500, centuries before European contact.

Part of the Illinois Country was claimed by French explorers; this area was barely settled, with most French colonial villages close to the Mississippi River. During the French and Indian War against the British, the French built a fort here in 1757. It was named Fort Massac after Claude Louis d'Espinchal, Marquis de Massiac, the French Naval Minister. Massiac is a commune in Cantal, France. Although beginning to be settled by Americans after the American Revolution, Massac County was formally organized on February 8, 1843, out of territory from both Johnson and Pope counties. In the mid-19th century, after the revolutions of 1848, the Midwest received many German immigrants. Their descendants today comprise nearly one-third of the population of the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 242 square miles (630 km2), of which 237 square miles (610 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Metropolis, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
42
25
 
 
3.9
 
48
29
 
 
4.4
 
58
38
 
 
4.7
 
69
47
 
 
4.8
 
77
56
 
 
4
 
86
64
 
 
4.3
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
88
66
 
 
3.3
 
82
59
 
 
3.2
 
71
47
 
 
4.5
 
58
38
 
 
4.4
 
47
29
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Metropolis have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.00 inches (76 mm) in August to 4.76 inches (121 mm) in May.

Major highways

  • I-24.svg Interstate 24
  • US 45.svg U.S. Route 45
  • Illinois 145.svg Illinois Route 145
  • Illinois 169.svg Illinois Route 169

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Shawnee National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,092
1860 6,213 51.8%
1870 9,581 54.2%
1880 10,443 9.0%
1890 11,313 8.3%
1900 13,110 15.9%
1910 14,200 8.3%
1920 13,559 −4.5%
1930 14,081 3.8%
1940 14,937 6.1%
1950 13,594 −9.0%
1960 14,341 5.5%
1970 13,889 −3.2%
1980 14,990 7.9%
1990 14,752 −1.6%
2000 15,161 2.8%
2010 15,429 1.8%
Est. 2015 14,766 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

  • 91.0% White
  • 5.9% Black
  • 0.4% Native American
  • 0.3% Asian
  • 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 2.0% Two or more races
  • 0.4% Other races
  • 1.9% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)

2000

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,429 people, 6,362 households, and 4,242 families residing in the county. The population density was 65.0 inhabitants per square mile (25.1/km2). There were 7,113 housing units at an average density of 30.0 per square mile (11.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.0% white, 5.9% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.7% were German, 16.1% were Irish, 8.5% were English, and 8.5% were American.

Of the 6,362 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 42.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,077 and the median income for a family was $51,794. Males had a median income of $46,231 versus $25,717 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,216. About 9.7% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Village

Unincorporated communities


Massac County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.