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Landkreis Meißen
Coat of arms of Landkreis Meißen
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden
District Meißen Rural District
Elevation
106 m (348 ft)
Population
 (2009-12-31)
 • Total 27,693
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01654 – 01662
Dialling codes 03521
Vehicle registration MEI
Website www.stadt-meissen.de

Meißen (Sorbian: Mišno) is a town of about 30,000 near Dresden on both banks of the Elbe in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany. Meißen is the home of Meißen porcelain. Meißen is the capital city of Meißen Rural District

During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was in Meißen.

Porcelain

Misnia2
Porcelain bells in Meißen

Meißen is famous for the manufacture of porcelain. This is because there are big local deposits of china clay (kaolin) and potter's clay (potter's earth). Meißen porcelain was the first high quality porcelain to be produced outside of China.

The first European porcelain was made in Meißen in 1710, when the Royal Porcelain Factory was opened in the Albrechtsburg. In 1861, it was moved to the Triebisch valley of Meißen, where the Meißen porcelain factory can still be found today.

Notable residents

  • St. Benno (1010-1106), Bishop of Meißen
  • Heinrich Frauenlob (died 1318), poet
  • Johann Klaj (1616-1656), poet
  • Johann Elias Schlegel (1719-1749), critic and poet
  • Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721-1793), poet and clergyman
  • Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), physician
  • Karl G. Maeser (1828-1901), Mormon academic
  • Ralf Schumann (born 1962), Olympic shooter

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