Mont Vernon, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Mont Vernon, New Hampshire
Town
Town hall
Town hall
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Hillsborough
Incorporated 1803
Area
 • Total 16.7 sq mi (43.3 km2)
 • Land 16.6 sq mi (43.0 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.48%
Elevation 820 ft (250 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,409
 • Density 144.3/sq mi (55.64/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03057
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-49140
GNIS feature ID 0873670
Website www.montvernonnh.us

Mont Vernon is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,409 at the 2010 census.

It is not clear why it is spelled differently from the many other towns in the United States named after Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington. Some say the "u" in "Mount" was accidentally dropped by a town clerk filling out official papers; some say the change was made deliberately to draw attention to the town; some say it uses the French spelling of "mont" as a nod to what was then the region's large French-Canadian population. According to town histories, as late as the 1920s, there was some dispute about how to spell the name, with the post office and one of its most prominent hotels using a "u" for many decades.

History

Mont Vernon broke away from neighboring Amherst in 1803, following a dispute over the town parish. It later added a small portion of neighboring Lyndeborough.

Mont Vernon's general history follows that of many towns in this region: Originally settled for agriculture, its farms were hard hit after the Civil War when railroads opened up better farming land in the Midwest. Population peaked in 1870 and began to decline.

By the late 1890s it had become a tourist town, drawing summer visitors from points south, notably Boston, who escaped the heat in Mont Vernon's hills. At one point it had five large summer hotels, including the Grand Hotel, located on top of Grand Hill.

The hotel business began to wither with the development of the automobile, which allowed tourists to reach places like the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and it was killed by the Great Depression. The town's population bottomed out at barely 300 in 1930, at which time the Grand Hotel was destroyed in a fire. The remaining hotels were torn down before World War II.

Since the war, Mont Vernon has slowly become a suburban community. This was significantly accelerated in 1962-63 when engineers and technicians employed at Sanders Associates in Nashua found homes in Mont Vernon attractive. Some bought dormant farms, some homes in the village. All brought a willingness to pay more taxes to improve the schools. The active farms were squeezed out and eventually only the Pomeroy farm survived. It wasn't until the 1970 census that the town's official population passed mid-19th century highs.

Agriculture, including a 1940s and 1950s boom in chicken and egg farming, has all but disappeared. As of 2008, the town has one dairy farm. The town's only General Store closed in January 2010, after more than 120 years in the same location. It reopened in early 2012 under the name Fishbones, renovated in the style of the 1850s, but was shuttered less than a year later in November 2012. It has since reopened again under new owners, using the old General Store nameplate.

Mont Vernon made national news in March 2012 due to debate during the annual town meeting over whether to rename a small fishing hole called Jew Pond. The town eventually renamed it Carleton Pond, after the family which donated the surrounding property to the town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.7 square miles (43 km2), of which 16.6 square miles (43 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.48% of the town. Mont Vernon is drained by Beaver Brook and Caesar's Brook. The town's highest point is on its northern border, at 1,015 feet (309 m) above sea level, near the summit of Storey Hill.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 680
1810 762 12.1%
1820 729 −4.3%
1830 763 4.7%
1840 720 −5.6%
1850 722 0.3%
1860 725 0.4%
1870 601 −17.1%
1880 517 −14.0%
1890 479 −7.4%
1900 453 −5.4%
1910 413 −8.8%
1920 308 −25.4%
1930 302 −1.9%
1940 340 12.6%
1950 405 19.1%
1960 585 44.4%
1970 906 54.9%
1980 1,444 59.4%
1990 1,812 25.5%
2000 2,034 12.3%
2010 2,409 18.4%
Est. 2015 2,472 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,034 people, 693 households, and 575 families residing in the town. The population density was 122.4 people per square mile (47.3/km²). There were 720 housing units at an average density of 43.3 per square mile (16.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.57% White, 0.15% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

There were 693 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.9% were non-families. 12.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 104.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $71,250, and the median income for a family was $77,869. Males had a median income of $50,353 versus $32,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,772. About 1.0% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

MontVernonNH LamsonFarm FrontView
Outbuilding at town-owned Lamson Farm

The town has two major annual celebrations: On the last Saturday in September, it hosts "Lamson Farm Day" at a town-owned farm to celebrate its agricultural past. In late April or early May, it has a celebration of spring called the "Mont Vernon Spring Gala". Both feature games, food and local entertainers.

Sites of interest

  • Mont Vernon Historical Society Museum, upstairs in Town Hall
  • Purgatory Falls trails along Purgatory Brook
  • Horton Pond
  • Daland Library

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