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Neshoba County, Mississippi facts for kids

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Neshoba County
Neshoba County courthouse in Philadelphia
Neshoba County courthouse in Philadelphia
Map of Mississippi highlighting Neshoba County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded 1833
Seat Philadelphia
Largest city Philadelphia
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Land 570 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2)  0.3%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 52/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Neshoba County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,676. Its county seat is Philadelphia. The name is derived from the Choctaw word nashoba meaning Wolf.

The county is known for the Neshoba County Fair and harness horse races. It is also home of the Williams Brothers Store, which has been in operation since the early 1900s.

The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (MBCI) own one of the largest casino complexes in the state. The Silver Star and Golden Moon casinos are the first land based casinos in Mississippi. These casinos are part of the MBCI's Pearl River Resort.


Neshoba County is known as the site of one of the most infamous race-related crimes in American history. In 1964, three civil rights workers were murdered by white supremacists, allegedly including a deputy county sheriff, in Philadelphia, the county seat. The crime and decades-long legal aftermath inspired the 1988 movie Mississippi Burning.

President Ronald Reagan launched his 1980 presidential campaign from the Neshoba County Fair, delivering a speech about economic policy that drew attention for the use of the phrase "states' rights" in an area associated with the 1964 murders.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Major highways

  • Circle sign 15.svg Mississippi Highway 15
  • Circle sign 16.svg Mississippi Highway 16
  • Circle sign 19.svg Mississippi Highway 19
  • Circle sign 21.svg Mississippi Highway 21

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,437
1850 4,728 94.0%
1860 8,343 76.5%
1870 7,439 −10.8%
1880 8,741 17.5%
1890 11,146 27.5%
1900 12,726 14.2%
1910 17,980 41.3%
1920 19,303 7.4%
1930 26,691 38.3%
1940 27,882 4.5%
1950 25,730 −7.7%
1960 20,927 −18.7%
1970 20,802 −0.6%
1980 23,789 14.4%
1990 24,800 4.2%
2000 28,684 15.7%
2010 29,676 3.5%
Est. 2015 29,463 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,684 people, 10,694 households, and 7,742 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 11,980 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.50% White, 19.33% Black or African American, 13.80% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.6% were of American, 8.8% Irish and 6.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000. Those who self-identify as having "American" ancestry are predominantly of English descent, but have ancestry that has been in North America for so long that they choose to identify simply as American. 88.7% spoke English and 10.2% Choctaw as their first language.

There were 10,694 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,300, and the median income for a family was $33,439. Males had a median income of $28,112 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,964. About 17.90% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.20% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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