Ralls County, Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ralls County, Missouri
Map
Map of Missouri highlighting Ralls County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 16, 1820
Seat New London
Largest City Monroe City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

484 sq mi (1,254 km²)
470 sq mi (1,217 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 2.65%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

10,196
22/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.rallscounty.com/
Named for: Daniel Ralls

Ralls County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,167. Its county seat is New London. The county was organized November 16, 1820 and named for Daniel Ralls, Missouri state legislator.

Ralls County is part of the Hannibal, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Quincy-Hannibal, IL-MO Combined Statistical Area.

History

Ralls County was one of several along the Mississippi River settled in the early years primarily by European-American migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. Ralls is considered one of the counties in the outer ring of what is called the Little Dixie region. Most of the Little Dixie counties are located further west along the Missouri River, from Callaway County west.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 484 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 470 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-72.svg Interstate 72 (proposed)
  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • US 36.svg U.S. Route 36
  • US 54.svg U.S. Route 54
  • US 61.svg U.S. Route 61
  • MO-19.svg Route 19
  • MO-79.svg Route 79
  • MO-154.svg Route 154

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,375
1840 5,670 29.6%
1850 6,151 8.5%
1860 8,592 39.7%
1870 10,510 22.3%
1880 11,838 12.6%
1890 12,294 3.9%
1900 12,287 −0.1%
1910 12,913 5.1%
1920 10,412 −19.4%
1930 10,704 2.8%
1940 10,040 −6.2%
1950 8,686 −13.5%
1960 8,078 −7.0%
1970 7,764 −3.9%
1980 8,984 15.7%
1990 8,476 −5.7%
2000 9,626 13.6%
2010 10,167 5.6%
Est. 2015 10,196 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,167 people, 3,736 households, and 2,783 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,564 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.93% White, 1.11% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Approximately 0.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.1% were of American, 27.3% German, 10.5% English and 10.4% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,736 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,094, and the median income for a family was $41,955. Males had a median income of $28,139 versus $20,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,456. About 6.60% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


Ralls County, Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.