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Roxbury, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Roxbury, New Hampshire
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Cheshire
Incorporated 1812
Village Roxbury Center
 • Total 12.2 sq mi (31.6 km2)
 • Land 11.9 sq mi (30.8 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)  2.40%
1,375 ft (419 m)
 • Total 220
 • Density 18.0/sq mi (6.96/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03431 (Keene)
03445 (Sullivan)
03455 (Marlborough)
03457 (Nelson)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-65700
GNIS feature ID 0873710

Roxbury is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 220 at the 2020 census.


The smallest town in Cheshire County, Roxbury was incorporated in 1812 from portions of Nelson, Marlborough, and Keene. By then, settlers had established agriculture among the rolling hillsides in the area, and a community center had developed at what is now called Roxbury Center. It was a "hill farm" community with some scattered small mills. Roxbury's granite quarries, among the most extensive in the Granite State at the time, provided some of the stone for the capitol building of New York in Albany. Much of Roxbury was abandoned in the American Civil War as a very high percentage of its male population was killed in battle. Other residents left after the Civil War to seek a better life in local mill villages or in the American Midwest. Otter Brook Lake, constructed by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1956-58 to control flooding in the Ashuelot and Connecticut River valleys, occupies part of the town's western boundary.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.2 square miles (31.6 km2), of which 11.9 sq mi (30.8 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2) is water, comprising 2.38% of the town. The highest point in Roxbury is the summit Bassett Hill, at 1,644 feet (501 m) above sea level.

Granite Gorge Ski Area on Pinnacle Mountain is located in the town's northwest corner along New Hampshire Route 9, despite being advertised as being in the neighboring city of Keene.

Batcheller's Cave is noted for its place in history as the hiding place of Breed Batcheller, who was edged out of town for failing to join the rebellion against the crown in the Revolutionary War.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 366
1830 322 −12.0%
1840 286 −11.2%
1850 260 −9.1%
1860 212 −18.5%
1870 174 −17.9%
1880 126 −27.6%
1890 129 2.4%
1900 100 −22.5%
1910 66 −34.0%
1920 56 −15.2%
1930 53 −5.4%
1940 113 113.2%
1950 117 3.5%
1960 137 17.1%
1970 161 17.5%
1980 190 18.0%
1990 248 30.5%
2000 237 −4.4%
2010 229 −3.4%
2020 220 −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
Otter Brook Lake in Roxbury

At the 2000 census, there were 237 people, 89 households and 66 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.9 per square mile (7.7/km2). There were 90 housing units at an average density of 7.6 per square mile (2.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.73% White, 0.42% Asian, and 0.84% from two or more races.

There were 89 households, of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.

25.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median household income was $49,375 and the median family income was $56,875. Males had a median income of $33,984 and females $23,750. The per capita income for the town was $21,124. None of the families and 0.9% of the population were living below the poverty line.

Notable people

  • Joseph Alexander Ames (1816–1872), artist
  • Nathan Ames (1826–1865), patent solicitor
  • Breed Batcheller (1740–c. 1777 or later), major early landowner and settler, and later in hiding at Batcheller's Cave
  • Maynard T. Parker (1850–1915), Wisconsin jurist, newspaper editor, legislator
  • Cyrus Wakefield (1811–1873), manufacturer of rattan furniture

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Roxbury (Nuevo Hampshire) para niños

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