Rudolf Hess facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|Deputy Führer of the Nazi Party|
21 April 1933 – 12 May 1941
|Preceded by||None (office established)|
|Succeeded by||Martin Bormann (as Chief of the Party Chancellery)|
Rudolf Walter Richard Hess
26 April 1894
|Died||17 August 1987
Spandau, West Berlin
|Political party||Nazi Party (1920–1941)|
(22 June 1900 – 7 September 1995)
|Children||Wolf Rüdiger Hess
(18 November 1937 – 14 October 2001)
|Alma mater||University of Munich|
Walter Richard Rudolf Hess (Heß in German) (26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987) was a high ranking Nazi leader, and one of Adolf Hitler's closest men. He was the third man after Hermann Göring in the Third Reich from 1933 to 1941.
Rudolf Hess was born in Alexandria, Egypt, but moved back to Germany in 1908.
He joined the army in World War I and was trained as a pilot.
In 1920 he joined the Nazi Party and in 1922 he also became a member of the SA.
He flew to Scotland during World War II and was arrested. After the war he was tried at the Nuremberg Trials, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
He died in the Allied Military Prison, Spandau, Berlin in 1987.
Images for kids
Rudolf Hess (2nd from left, behind Heinrich Himmler) was an early supporter of the Nazi Party.
Hitler speaks at a party rally in Munich, 1925
Hess, Heinrich Himmler, Phillip Bouhler, Fritz Todt, Reinhard Heydrich, and others listening to Konrad Meyer at a Generalplan Ost exhibition, 20 March 1941
The wreckage of Hess's Messerschmitt Bf 110
Part of the fuselage of Hess's Bf 110. Imperial War Museum (2008)
Hess (left) and Joachim von Ribbentrop in the defendants' box at the Nuremberg Trials
Graffiti on a hoarding outside Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in West Berlin in 1981. The comments read "Freedom for Rudolf Hess" and "Do you also want total war?"
- In Spanish: Rudolf Hess