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São Tomé facts for kids

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São Tomé
Presidential Palace of São Tomé e Príncipe
Presidential Palace of São Tomé e Príncipe
Flag of São Tomé
Coat of arms of São Tomé
Coat of arms
Location on São Tomé Island
Location on São Tomé Island
Country Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Province São Tomé Province
District Água Grande
 • Total 7 sq mi (17 km2)
 • Density 500/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Area code(s) +239-11x-xxxx through 14x-xxxx

São Tomé is the capital city of São Tomé and Príncipe. It is the largest city in the country. The city has a population of 56,166 people. Its name is Portuguese for "Saint Thomas." São Tomé is important as a port. It is located on Ana Chaves Bay in the north east of São Tomé Island.


Sao tome fort
Fort São Sebastião

The city was founded by Portugal in 1485. It is centred on a sixteenth century cathedral. Another early building is Fort São Sebastião. It was built in 1575 and is now the São Tomé National Museum. In 1599, the city as well as the islands were captured by the Dutch for two days and again in 1641 for a year. São Tomé was the colony's capital until 1753. It has been the national capital since 1852.

São Tomé is known for its role in the forced conversion of Jews during the Inquisition. When King Manuel I of Portugal wanted to force the Jews to convert, he took away their children and had them sent to this remote island.

Areas of interest

Features of the town include the Presidential Palace, the Fisherman's Church, and a cinema. The city is also home to two markets, a radio station, a hospital, and an international airport. São Tomé also serves as the center of the island's road and bus networks.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Santo Tomé (capital) para niños

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