Sanford B. Dole
|1st Territorial Governor of Hawaii|
14 June 1900 – 23 November 1903
|Appointed by||William McKinley|
|Preceded by||Position Established
(Himself as President)
|Succeeded by||George Carter|
|President of Hawaii|
4 July 1894 – 12 August 1898
|Preceded by||Position Established (Liliuokalani as Queen)|
|Succeeded by||Position Abolished
(Himself as Governor)
Sanford Ballard Dole
23 April 1844
Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii
|Died||9 June 1926
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
|Nationality||Kingdom of Hawaii; Republic of Hawaii; United States|
|Spouse(s)||Anna Prentice Cate Dole|
|Alma mater||Williams College|
Sanford Dole (April 23, 1844 – June 9, 1926) was an American politician. Dole was a part of a group of businessmen who first forced a new Hawaiian national constitution on the country during King David Kalakaua's reign and then after his death removed Queen Liliuokalani from the throne and took control of the country in 1893. They removed the queen by threatening to use the warships of the U.S. Navy had in Honolulu harbor.
Queen Liliuokalani did not want her people to be harmed so she agreed to do what the revolutionists wanted. The Queen went to Washington and talked to the American President, Grover Cleveland. Cleveland decided that this had been an act of war against the Hawaiian Kingdom. Cleveland ordered Sanford Dole, the President of the newly formed republic, to make Liliuokalani the queen again.
Dole refused to do this. He said that President Cleveland was interfering. Dole remained the president of Hawaii from 1894 until 1900 after Cleveland was elected out of office. The newly elected American president William McKinley signed the Newsland Resolution. The Newsland Resolution made Hawaii a territory of the United States. This ended any legal or military chance of restoring the Queen and the Hawaiian Kingdom.
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