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Talladega, Alabama
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Location of Talladega in Talladega County, Alabama.
Location of Talladega in Talladega County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Talladega
Area
 • Total 26.13 sq mi (67.69 km2)
 • Land 26.05 sq mi (67.48 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation
558 ft (170 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 15,861
 • Density 608.82/sq mi (235.06/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
35160-35161
Area code(s) 256/938.
FIPS code 01-74592
GNIS feature ID 0160707

Talladega is the county seat of Talladega County, Alabama, United States. It was incorporated in 1835. At the 2020 census, the population was 15,861. Talladega is approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of Birmingham.

The city is home to the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind and the Talladega Municipal Airport, a public general aviation airport. The Talladega Superspeedway, Talladega College and the International Motorsports Hall of Fame are located nearby. The First National Bank of Talladega (now First Bank of Alabama) is the oldest bank in the State of Alabama, being founded in 1848.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62.3 km2), of which 24.0 square miles (62.1 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.30%, is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Talladega has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,320
1870 1,933
1880 1,233 −36.2%
1890 2,063 67.3%
1900 5,056 145.1%
1910 5,854 15.8%
1920 6,546 11.8%
1930 7,596 16.0%
1940 9,298 22.4%
1950 13,134 41.3%
1960 17,742 35.1%
1970 17,662 −0.5%
1980 19,128 8.3%
1990 18,175 −5.0%
2000 15,143 −16.7%
2010 15,676 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 15,676 people in 5,719 households, including 3,722 families, in the city. The population density was 653.2 people per square mile (252.4/km2). There were 6,611 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile (106.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.7% Black or African American, 47.7% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 3.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 5,719 households 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 30.9% of households were one person and 12.0% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 23.2% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% 65 or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.

The median household income was $32,449 and the median family income was $38,147. Males had a median income of $31,957 versus $24,209 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,146. About 22.7% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Talladega racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 6,620 41.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 8,247 52.0%
Native American 29 0.18%
Asian 75 0.47%
Pacific Islander 5 0.03%
Other/Mixed 427 2.69%
Hispanic or Latino 458 2.89%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 15,861 people, 5,553 households, and 3,334 families residing in the city.

Landmarks and places of interest

Talladega includes a number of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the J. L. M. Curry House and Swayne Hall, both listed as National Historic Landmarks. The main listed historic districts are the Silk Stocking District, which includes the Dr. Samuel Welch House, Talladega College Historic District, and Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District. Also included is the Talladega Superspeedway, which is a 2.66 miles (4.28 km) long race track. It hosts two NASCAR races annually.

Gallery


Education

Talladega County Schools is the local school district.

Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind, the statewide boarding school for the blind and deaf, is in Talladega, being established as a educational institution in 1858.

Notable people

  • Steadham Acker, pioneer aviator
  • Tom Bleick, former NFL player, who played college football at Georgia Tech
  • The original members of the gospel group The Blind Boys of Alabama met in Talladega at the Alabama School for the Blind
  • Sydney J. Bowie, former U.S. Representative and nephew of Franklin Welsh Bowdon
  • Taul Bradford, former U.S. Representative
  • Robert Bradley grew up in Evergreen, Alabama, and attended school in Talladega at the Alabama School for the Blind. He is now a famous blues-rock artist fronting his band, Robert Bradley's Blackwater Surprise. His early performances were in churches around Talladega.
  • William W. Brandon, Governor of Alabama from 1923–1927
  • Charles Brown, actor and member of the Negro Ensemble Company
  • Ethlyne Clair, actress
  • George Cruikshank, educator, newspaper editor, and historian
  • Marcus Henderson Cruikshank, former member of the Confederate States Congress and Mayor of Talladega
  • Lee de Forest was not a native of Talladega but he spent most of his early life there. De Forest, who invented the vacuum tube and held over 300 patents, was the son of a president of Talladega College.
  • Ahmad Gooden, NFL football player
  • Tinsley R. Harrison, founding editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
  • Bob Jenkins, football halfback
  • Eddie King, was born on April 21, 1938, in Talladega, and played as a sideman to many other blues musicians including Sonny Boy Williamson II and Koko Taylor. His 1997 solo album, Another Cow's Dead, won the Blues Music Award.
  • Herman H. Long, former president of Talladega College and former president of the United Negro College Fund
  • Lamar Looney, Oklahoma state senator
  • Felix Grundy McConnell, former U.S. Representative
  • Jack Nelson, Pulitzer-winning Washington correspondent and former Washington bureau chief for the Los Angeles Times, was born in Talladega in October 1929. Beginning in September 2007, the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press offered one-year fellowships for recent law school graduates. They honor Nelson, who was chairman of its executive committee and served on its steering committee for 25 years.
  • Dixie Parsons, former Major League Baseball player
  • Lewis E. Parsons, not a native, but moved there in 1840. Governor of Alabama from June to December 1865
  • Thomas S. Plowman, former U.S. Representative and Mayor of Talladega
  • Dave Pope, former Major League Baseball outfielder
  • Tom Ragland, former Major League Baseball second baseman
  • George Scales, Negro league baseball player
  • Frank Sillmon, former basketball player and SWAC Player of the Year (1986)
  • Charles Lynwood Smith, Jr., senior United States federal judge
  • Bennie Swain, former basketball player for the Boston Celtics
  • W. Aubrey Thomas, U.S. Representative from Ohio
  • Robert Smith Vance was born in Talladega in 1931 and spent his early childhood there. He became a progressive voice in Alabama politics during the 1960s and was appointed to a federal judgeship on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
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