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Tazewell County, Illinois facts for kids

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Tazewell County
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Official seal of Tazewell County
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Tazewell County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Illinois
Founded 1827
Named for Littleton Waller Tazewell
Seat Pekin
Largest city Pekin
Area
 • Total 658 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land 649 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water 9.0 sq mi (23 km2)  1.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 135,394
 • Estimate 
(2019)
131,803
 • Density 205.77/sq mi (79.45/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 17th, 18th

Tazewell County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394. Its county seat and largest city is Pekin. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".

Tazewell County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The majority of the population lives along the county's western border.

History

Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who served in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named after Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, after whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 649 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23 km2) (1.4%) is water.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Pekin, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
35
20
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:

Public Transportation

Bus and paratransit service in Tazewell County is provided by Peoria's “CityLink” system, operating six routes (four originating from Peoria) seven days a week.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,716
1840 7,221 53.1%
1850 12,052 66.9%
1860 21,470 78.1%
1870 27,903 30.0%
1880 29,666 6.3%
1890 29,556 −0.4%
1900 33,221 12.4%
1910 34,027 2.4%
1920 38,540 13.3%
1930 46,082 19.6%
1940 58,362 26.6%
1950 76,165 30.5%
1960 99,789 31.0%
1970 118,649 18.9%
1980 132,078 11.3%
1990 123,692 −6.3%
2000 128,485 3.9%
2010 135,394 5.4%
2020 131,343 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 135,394 people, 54,146 households, and 37,163 families living in the county. The population density was 208.6 inhabitants per square mile (80.5/km2). There were 57,516 housing units at an average density of 88.6 per square mile (34.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 35.6% were German, 15.6% were American, 14.4% were Irish, and 12.0% were English.

Of the 54,146 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,232 and the median income for a family was $66,764. Males had a median income of $50,372 versus $34,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,036. About 6.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

  • Heritage Lake

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Tazewell County is divided into these townships:

  • Boynton
  • Cincinnati
  • Deer Creek
  • Delavan
  • Dillon
  • Elm Grove
  • Fondulac
  • Groveland
  • Hittle
  • Hopedale
  • Little Mackinaw
  • Mackinaw
  • Malone
  • Morton
  • Pekin
  • Sand Prairie
  • Spring Lake
  • Tremont
  • Washington

Notable people

  • Charles "Buffalo" Jones, cowboy and naturalist
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