Fulton County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fulton County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1823
Seat Lewistown
Largest City Canton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

883 sq mi (2,287 km²)
866 sq mi (2,243 km²)
17 sq mi (44 km²), 1.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

37,069
43/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.fultonco.org
Named for: Robert Fulton

Fulton County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,069. Its county seat is Lewistown, and the largest city is Canton.

Fulton County comprises the Canton, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the Peoria-Canton, IL Combined Statistical Area. Fulton County is part of Forgottonia.

Bob Bucher is the Chairman of the Fulton County Board. Mike Hays was the County Administrator until the position was eliminated.

History

Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County. It is named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. It was the home of famous poet/writer Edgar Lee Masters in his early days; he wrote the famous Spoon River Anthology (1915). Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II.

The county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 866 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Lewistown, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.9
 
32
14
 
 
1.9
 
38
19
 
 
3
 
50
30
 
 
3.5
 
63
40
 
 
4.4
 
74
51
 
 
3.8
 
84
60
 
 
3.9
 
88
64
 
 
3.5
 
86
61
 
 
3.2
 
80
52
 
 
2.9
 
68
41
 
 
3.3
 
51
30
 
 
2.6
 
37
19
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches (47 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in May.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 24.svg US Route 24
  • US 136.svg US Route 136
  • Illinois 9.svg Illinois Route 9
  • Illinois 41.svg Illinois Route 41
  • Illinois 78.svg Illinois Route 78
  • Illinois 95.svg Illinois Route 95
  • Illinois 97.svg Illinois Route 97
  • Illinois 100.svg Illinois Route 100
  • Illinois 116.svg Illinois Route 116

Airport

The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport (CTK), located in Canton.

Demographics

USA Fulton County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Fulton County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,841
1840 13,142 613.9%
1850 22,508 71.3%
1860 33,338 48.1%
1870 38,291 14.9%
1880 41,240 7.7%
1890 43,110 4.5%
1900 46,201 7.2%
1910 49,549 7.2%
1920 48,163 −2.8%
1930 43,983 −8.7%
1940 44,627 1.5%
1950 43,716 −2.0%
1960 41,954 −4.0%
1970 41,890 −0.2%
1980 43,687 4.3%
1990 38,080 −12.8%
2000 38,250 0.4%
2010 37,069 −3.1%
Est. 2015 35,699 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,069 people, 14,536 households, and 9,744 families residing in the county. The population density was 42.8 inhabitants per square mile (16.5/km2). There were 16,195 housing units at an average density of 18.7 per square mile (7.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.7% were German, 19.1% were American, 14.0% were English, and 13.2% were Irish.

Of the 14,536 households, 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 41.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,268 and the median income for a family was $50,596. Males had a median income of $41,376 versus $28,596 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,309. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Fulton County is divided into twenty-six townships:

  • Astoria
  • Banner
  • Bernadotte
  • Buckheart
  • Canton
  • Cass
  • Deerfield
  • Ellisville
  • Fairview
  • Farmers
  • Farmington
  • Harris
  • Isabel
  • Joshua
  • Kerton
  • Lee
  • Lewistown
  • Liverpool
  • Orion
  • Pleasant
  • Putman
  • Union
  • Vermont
  • Waterford
  • Woodland
  • Young Hickory

Fulton County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.