Peoria County, Illinois facts for kids
|Peoria County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
631 sq mi (1,634 km²)
619 sq mi (1,603 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 1.8%
301/sq mi (116/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
|Named for: Peoria tribe|
Peoria County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there. It included most of the western valley of the Illinois River up to the Chicago river portage.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water. The county is drained by Spoon River, Kickapoo Creek, Elbow Creek, and Copperas Creek.
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Peoria, Illinois|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Peoria have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.
- Stark County - north
- Marshall County - northeast
- Woodford County - east
- Tazewell County - south
- Fulton County - southwest
- Knox County - northwest
The following public-use airports are located in the county:
- General Wayne A. Downing Peoria International Airport (PIA), formerly Greater Peoria Regional Airport - Peoria, Illinois
- Mount Hawley Auxiliary Airport (3MY) - Peoria, Illinois
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 186,494 people, 75,793 households, and 47,248 families residing in the county. The population density was 301.2 inhabitants per square mile (116.3/km2). There were 83,034 housing units at an average density of 134.1 per square mile (51.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% white, 17.7% black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.3% were German, 14.8% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.5% were American.
Of the 75,793 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.7% were non-families, and 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 36.8 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,747 and the median income for a family was $63,163. Males had a median income of $51,246 versus $32,881 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,157. About 10.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
- Glasford crater
- Jubilee College State Park
- See also: Peoria, Illinois#Points of interest
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