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Todd County, South Dakota facts for kids

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Todd County
St. Charles Borromeo church in St. Francis, South Dakota at the Rosebud Indian Reservation
Map of South Dakota highlighting Todd County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Dakota
Founded 1909
Named for John Blair Smith Todd
Seat None (de jure)
Winner (de facto)
Largest city Mission
Area
 • Total 1,391 sq mi (3,600 km2)
 • Land 1,389 sq mi (3,600 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 9,319
 • Estimate 
(2021)
9,286 Decrease
 • Density 6.6995/sq mi (2.5867/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large
Winner in neighboring Tripp County serves as Todd County's administrative center.

Todd County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 9,319. Todd County does not have its own county seat. Instead, Winner in neighboring Tripp County serves as its administrative center. Its largest city is Mission. The county was created in 1909, although it remains unorganized. The county was named for John Blair Smith Todd, a delegate from Dakota Territory to the United States House of Representatives and a Civil War general.

The county lies entirely within the Rosebud Indian Reservation and is coterminous with the main reservation (exclusive of off-reservation trust lands, which lie in four nearby counties). Its southern border is with the state of Nebraska. It is one of five South Dakota counties entirely within an Indian reservation. The county's per-capita income makes it the third poorest county in the United States. Unlike many rural counties in South Dakota, since 1960, its net population has increased.

History

Until 1981 Todd, Oglala Lakota (formerly Shannon) and Washabaugh County, South Dakota, were the last unorganized counties in the United States. Although then organized, Todd did not receive a home rule charter until 1983. As noted above, it contracts with Tripp County for its Auditor, Treasurer, and Registrar of Deeds.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,391 square miles (3,600 km2), of which 1,389 square miles (3,600 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,164
1920 2,784 28.7%
1930 5,898 111.9%
1940 5,714 −3.1%
1950 4,758 −16.7%
1960 4,661 −2.0%
1970 6,606 41.7%
1980 7,328 10.9%
1990 8,352 14.0%
2000 9,050 8.4%
2010 9,612 6.2%
Est. 2021 9,286 −3.4%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,612 people, 2,780 households, and 2,091 families in the county. The population density was 6.9 inhabitants per square mile (2.7/km2). There were 3,142 housing units at an average density of 2.3 per square mile (0.89/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.1% American Indian, 9.6% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 5.1% were German, and 1.1% were American.

Of the 2,780 households, 55.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.5% were married couples living together, 34.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were non-families, and 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.45 and the average family size was 3.95. The median age was 24.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,196 and the median income for a family was $29,010. Males had a median income of $26,971 versus $30,211 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,010. About 44.2% of families and 48.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 59.0% of those under age 18 and 45.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Town

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

  • Grass Mountain
  • HeDog

Unorganized territories

The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: East Todd and West Todd.

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