United States presidential election, 2016 facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
2012 United States 2020
United States presidential election, 2016
November 8, 2016
Donald Trump Smiling September 13th.jpg Hillary Clinton Arizona 2016.jpg
Nominee Donald Trump Hillary Clinton
Party Republican Democrat
Home state New York New York
Running mate Mike Pence Tim Kaine
Electoral vote 306 232
Contests won 30 + ME-02 20 + DC
Popular vote 62,352,375 64,429,062
Percentage 46.5% 48.1%
United States presidential election, 2016

Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Trump/Pence. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state. Blue denotes states won by Clinton/Kaine.

Incumbent President
Barack Obama
Democrat
President-Elect
Donald Trump
Republican

The 2016 election for President of the United States took place on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. On that day, voters had elected the 45th President and the 48th Vice President of the United States. Incumbent president Barack Obama could not seek re-election for a third term because of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution.

After the election, Donald Trump was named President-elect of the United States while his running mate Mike Pence was named Vice President-elect of the United States.

Background

Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that for a person to be elected and serve as President of the United States, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf.

Democratic Party

Nominees

Democratic Party (United States)
Democratic Party Ticket, 2016
Hillary Clinton Tim Kaine
for President for Vice President
Hillary Clinton AIPAC 2016 Speech (cropped).jpg
Kaine Campaign Event Newtown, PA (30629089635).jpg
67th
U.S. Secretary of State
(2009–2013)
U.S. Senator from Virginia
(2013-present)
Campaign
Clinton Kaine.svg

Withdrawn candidates

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries
Bernie Sanders Rocky De La Fuente Martin O'Malley Lawrence Lessig Lincoln Chafee Jim Webb
Bernie Sanders September 2015 cropped.jpg
Roque De La Fuente (cropped).jpg
Martin O'Malley (24334527435) (cropped).jpg
Lawrence Lessig speaks at NH Democratic Party 2015 (cropped).jpg
Lincoln Chafee (14103606100 cc56e38ddd h).jpg
Jim Webb (22157210588 1f74901862 o) (cropped).jpg
U.S. Senator from Vermont (2007–present)
Entrepreneur
(1979–present)
61st
Governor of Maryland
(2007–2015)
Harvard Law Professor
(2009–2016)
74th
Governor of Rhode Island
(2011–2015)
U.S. Senator
from Virginia
(2007–2013)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
LN: July 26, 2016
13,167,848 primary votes and 1,846 delegates
LN: July 26, 2016
67,457 primary votes
W: February 1, 2016
110,423 votes
W: November 2, 2015
4 write-in votes in New Hampshire
W: October 23, 2015
0 votes
W: October 20, 2015
2 write-in votes in New Hampshire

Republican Party

Republican Party (United States)
Republican Party Ticket, 2016
Donald Trump Mike Pence
for President for Vice President
Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped).jpg
Mike Pence crop.jpg
Chairman of
The Trump Organization
(1971–present)
50th
Governor of Indiana
(2013-present)
Campaign
Trump-Pence 2016.svg

Withdrawn candidates

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from race
John Kasich Ted Cruz Marco Rubio Ben Carson Jeb Bush Jim Gilmore Carly Fiorina Chris Christie
John Kasich at 2016 CPAC.jpg
Ted Cruz February 2015.jpg
Marco Rubio (24999272054) (cropped) 2.jpg
Ben Carson by Skidmore with lighting correction.jpg
Governor of Florida Jeb Bush at Southern Republican Leadership Conference, Oklahoma City, OK May 2015 by Michael Vadon 143 (cropped).jpg
Jim Gilmore 2015.jpg
Carly Fiorina NFRW 2015.jpg
Chris Christie April 2015 (cropped).jpg
69th
Governor of Ohio
(2011–present)
U.S. Senator
from Texas
(2013–present)
U.S. Senator
from Florida
(2011–present)
Dir. of Pediatric Neurosurgery,
Johns Hopkins Hospital
(1984–2013)
43rd
Governor of Florida
(1999–2007)
68th
Governor of Virginia
(1998–2002)
CEO of Hewlett-Packard
(1999–2005)
55th
Governor of New Jersey
(2010–present)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
W: May 4
W: May 3
W: Mar 15
W: Mar 4
W: Feb 20
W: Feb 12
W: Feb 10
W: Feb 10
Rand Paul Rick Santorum Mike Huckabee George Pataki Lindsey Graham Bobby Jindal Scott Walker Rick Perry
Rand Paul (18800541875) (cropped).jpg
Rick Santorum by Gage Skidmore 8 (cropped2).jpg
Mike Huckabee by Gage Skidmore 6 (cropped).jpg
Governor of New York George Pataki at Northeast Republican Leadership Conference Philadelphia PA June 2015 NRLC by Michael Vadon 07 (cropped).jpg
Lindsey Graham by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Bobby Jindal August 2015.jpg
Governor of Wisconsin Scott Walker at New Hampshire Education Summit. The Seventy-Four August 19th, 2015 by Michael Vadon 10 (cropped).jpg
Rick Perry (20639586210) (cropped).jpg
U.S. Senator
from Kentucky
(2011–present)
U.S. Senator
from Pennsylvania
(1995–2007)
44th
Governor of Arkansas
(1996–2007)
53rd
Governor of New York
(1995–2006)
U.S. Senator
from South Carolina
(2003–present)
55th
Governor of Louisiana
(2008–2016)
45th
Governor of Wisconsin
(2011–present)
47th
Governor of Texas
(2000–2015)
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
Campaign
W: Feb 3
W: Feb 3
W: Feb 1
W: Dec 29, 2015
W: Dec 21, 2015
W: Nov 17, 2015
W: Sept 21, 2015
W: Sept 11, 2015

Major third parties

Green Party

Green Party ballot access (2016)
Ballot access for the Green Party     On ballot     Not on ballot, write-in access     Not on ballot

Ballot access to 493(451) electoral votes: Ballot access currently in process: North Dakota, Rhode Island, Wyoming

States currently under litigation for ballot access: Nevada, Oklahoma

States with no ballot access: South Dakota
As write-in: Georgia, Indiana, North Carolina.

Nominees

Green Party (United States)
Presumptive Green Party Ticket, 2016
Jill Stein Ajamu Baraka
for President for Vice President
Jill Stein cropped.jpg
Ajamu-Baraka.jpg
Physician
from Lexington, Massachusetts
Activist
from Washington, D.C.
Campaign
SteinBaraka.png

Other active candidates

Withdrawn candidates

Libertarian Party

Libertarian Party ballot access (2016)
Ballot access for the Libertarian Party     On ballot

Ballot access to all 538 electoral votes

Nominees

Libertarian Party Ticket, 2016
Gary Johnson William Weld
for President for Vice President
Gary Johnson campaign portrait.jpg
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
29th
Governor of New Mexico
(1995–2003)
68th
Governor of Massachusetts
(1991-1997)
Campaign
Johnson Weld 2016 2.png

Withdrawn candidates

Other parties

American Freedom Party

Ballot Access to 6 electoral votes: Mississippi

  • Bob Whitaker, white nationalist and paleoconservative political activist from South Carolina. Vice-presidential nominee: Tom Bowie, from Maryland

Independent American Party

Ballot Access to 18 Electoral Votes: New Mexico, Oregon, Utah

  • Farley Anderson, activist from Utah. Vice Presidential nominee: Vacant

Party for Socialism and Liberation

Ballot Access to 29 electoral votes: Florida

  • Gloria La Riva, newspaper printer and activist from New Mexico; 2008 presidential nominee; vice-presidential nominee: Eugene Puryear

Prohibition Party

Ballot Access to 21 electoral votes: Arkansas, Colorado, Mississippi

  • James Hedges, Tax Assessor for Thompson Township, Fulton County, Pennsylvania 2002–2007; vice-presidential nominee: Bill Bayes of Mississippi

Peace and Freedom Party

Ballot Access to 84 electoral votes: California, Florida

  • Gloria La Riva, newspaper printer and activist, from New Mexico

Socialist Party USA

Ballot Access to 0 electoral votes

  • Mimi Soltysik, former National Co-chair of the Socialist Party USA from California; vice-presidential nominee: Angela Walker of Wisconsin

Nutrition Party

Ballot Access to 9 electoral votes: Colorado

  • Rod Silva, restaurateur from New Jersey; Vice-presidential nominee: Vacant

Veterans Party of America

Ballot Access to 6 electoral votes: Mississippi

  • Chris Keniston, reliability engineer from Texas; vice-presidential nominee: Deacon Taylor of Nevada

Workers World Party

Ballot Access to 0 electoral votes

  • Monica Moorehead, perennial candidate and activist from New Jersey; vice-Presidential nominee: Lamont Lilly

Battleground states

Battleground states during the election were: Nevada, Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Florida, New Hampshire, Maine, Ohio and North Carolina. Trump won Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, Florida and a congressional district in Maine. Clinton won Nevada, New Hampshire and Maine. Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania were seen as likely 'Blue' states, but Trump won all three states in what was seen as a political upset.

Party conventions

Republican Party
  • July 18–21, 2016: Republican National Convention to be held in Cleveland, Ohio.
Libertarian Party
  • May 26–30, 2016: Libertarian National Convention to be held in Orlando, Florida.

Debates

On April 1, 2015, the Commission on Presidential Debates a (CPD) announced that each of the following 16 locations are under consideration to host one of the three presidential debates and one vice presidential debate:

The three locations which will host the presidential debates and the one location selected to host the vice presidential debate are to be announced by the CPD in the fall of 2015.

Images for kids


United States presidential election, 2016 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.