kids encyclopedia robot

Warren County, Tennessee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Warren County, Tennessee
Map
Map of Tennessee highlighting Warren County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1807
Seat McMinnville
Largest City McMinnville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

434 sq mi (1,124 km²)
433 sq mi (1,121 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

40,435
92/sq mi (36/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.warrencountytn.gov
Named for: Joseph Warren

Warren County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,839. Its county seat is McMinnville.

Warren County comprises the McMinnville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Warren County was created by European Americans in 1807 from a portion of White County, and named for Joseph Warren (1741–1775), a soldier in the American Revolution. The revised Tennessee State Constitution of 1834 stated that no new county could be within 12 miles (19 km) of the county seat of the county from which it was formed. The boundaries of five counties formed from Warren— Grundy, Van Buren, Cannon, Coffee and DeKalb— were exactly 12 miles from Warren's county seat, McMinnville, giving the county its distinctive round shape.

Warren County citizens remained loyal to the state of Tennessee during the War for Southern Independence. The county voted for independence from the union of States in February 1861 in a State referendum. Tennessee as a whole decided to remain in the union of states at that time. After Lincoln's call for invasion of neighboring states in April 1861, which was seen by Tennessee as a violation of Article 3 Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution, Warren County, along with now a majority of other Tennessee counties voted for independence in the following month of June 1861. Slavery was never mentioned as a cause in the declaration of Tennessee secession. Men from Warren county and surrounding upper Cumberland region formed and served in many units in Tennessee's defense including the 16th Tennessee Infantry [1] lead by McMinnville, TN resident Col. John Houston Savage. The Confederate monument [2] located next to the county courthouse is dedicated in the memory of the men who served and died in the 16th and list their names.

Historically dominated by yeomen farmers who owned few or no slaves, Warren County was the site of several saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves. Hubbards Cave, near Camp Woodlee, was a major operation. Henshaw Cave on Cardwell Mountain (now part of Cumberland Caverns) and Solomon Saltpeter Cave on Ben Lomond Mountain were relatively small mining operations. Most saltpeter mining occurred during the War of 1812 and in the War Between the States.

Geography

Twin Falls, Rock Island State Park, TN
Twin Falls at Rock Island State Park

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 433 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.3%) is water. The county lies long the Eastern Highland Rim, near the Cumberland Plateau.

The Caney Fork forms part of the county's borders with White and DeKalb counties to the north. The Rocky River, a tributary of the Caney Fork, forms part of the county's western border with Van Buren County. The Collins River, also a tributary of the Caney Fork, flows through the county, and the Barren Fork, a tributary of the Collins, flows through McMinnville.

Cardwell Mountain is an imposing natural feature located five miles due east of McMinnville. It is an erosional remnant of the nearby Cumberland Plateau. Cardwell Mountain is noted for Cumberland Caverns, an exceptionally long cave which lies underneath the mountain.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 70S.svg U.S. Route 70S
  • Tennessee 8.svg State Route 8
  • Tennessee 30.svg State Route 30
  • Tennessee 55.svg State Route 55
  • Tennessee 56.svg State Route 56
  • Secondary Tennessee 108.svg State Route 108
  • Secondary Tennessee 136.svg State Route 136

State protected areas

  • Hubbard's Cave State Natural Area
  • Morrison Meadow State Natural Area
  • Rock Island State Park (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,725
1820 10,348 80.8%
1830 15,210 47.0%
1840 10,803 −29.0%
1850 10,179 −5.8%
1860 11,147 9.5%
1870 12,714 14.1%
1880 14,079 10.7%
1890 14,413 2.4%
1900 16,410 13.9%
1910 16,534 0.8%
1920 17,306 4.7%
1930 20,209 16.8%
1940 19,764 −2.2%
1950 22,271 12.7%
1960 23,102 3.7%
1970 26,972 16.8%
1980 32,653 21.1%
1990 32,992 1.0%
2000 38,276 16.0%
2010 39,839 4.1%
Est. 2015 40,435 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Warren County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Warren County

As of the census of 2000, there were 38,276 people, 15,181 households, and 10,824 families residing in the county. The population density was 88 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 16,689 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.66% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 4.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,181 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,920, and the median income for a family was $37,835. Males had a median income of $28,409 versus $20,863 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,759. About 13.00% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

Rock Island State Park is located on the northeastern border with White County. This park is the site of the Tennessee Valley Authority's Great Falls Dam, includes many hiking trails, and offers whitewater rafting.

Cumberland Caverns, located east of McMinnville under Cardwell Mountain, is Tennessee’s largest show cave. It is the second longest mapped cave in Tennessee with 27.6 miles (44.4 km) of passages, and displays some of the largest underground cave rooms in eastern North America. Cumberland Caverns is the 15th longest cave in the United States.

Hubbard's Cave, the largest gray bat hibernaculum in Tennessee, with over 100,000 bats, is located in the county. The cave is owned by the Nature Conservancy and it is securely gated to protect the bats which are an Endangered Species.

Falcon Rest, an 1896 Victorian mansion in McMinnville, built by local manufacturer Clay Faulkner, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is open to the public as a historic house museum.

Communities

McMinnville brdge-7
Railroad bridge over Barren Fork in McMinnville

City

Towns

Unincorporated communities

kids search engine
Warren County, Tennessee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.