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Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey facts for kids

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See also: Washington Township, New Jersey (disambiguation)
Washington Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Washington
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated April 2, 1798
Named for George Washington
Area
 • Total 44.771 sq mi (115.957 km2)
 • Land 44.387 sq mi (114.963 km2)
 • Water 0.384 sq mi (0.994 km2)  0.86%
Area rank 42nd of 566 in state
2nd of 39 in county
Elevation 988 ft (301 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 18,533
 • Estimate (2015) 18,752
 • Rank 138th of 566 in state
9th of 39 in county
 • Density 417.5/sq mi (161.2/km2)
 • Density rank 457th of 566 in state
36th of 39 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07853 - Long Valley
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3402777240
GNIS feature ID 0882198

Washington Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 18,533, reflecting an increase of 941 (+5.3%) from the 17,592 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,000 (+12.8%) from the 15,592 counted in the 1990 Census.

It is one of six municipalities (five of which are townships) in the state of New Jersey with the name "Washington Township". Washington Borough, in fact is only 10 miles (16 km) away. To add to the confusion, Washington Borough is surrounded by another municipality that is also called Washington Township.

U.S. Route 46, County Route 513, and County Route 517 pass through town. It is only minutes away from Interstate 80 in neighboring Mount Olive and Interstate 78 in neighboring Tewksbury Township. U.S. Route 206 is also accessible in nearby Bedminster and Chester townships.

History

Washington Township was incorporated as a township by the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1798, from portions of Roxbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Chester Township as of April 1, 1799. The township was named for George Washington, one of more than ten communities statewide named for the first president.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 44.771 square miles (115.957 km2), including 44.387 square miles (114.963 km2) of land and 0.384 square miles (0.994 km2) of water (0.86%).

Long Valley (2010 population of 1,879) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Washington Township. The Long Valley section — the heart of the township — was called German Valley when it was first settled in the 18th century by people from Saxony, in Germany, until its name was changed around 1917 in the wake of anti-German sentiment following World War I.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bartley, Bettystown, Crestmoore, Drakestown, Fairmount, Four Bridges, German Valley, Lake George, Middle Valley, Naughright, Parker, Pleasant Grove, Pottersville, Scrappy Corner, Springtown and Stephensburg.

Schooley's Mountain is an unincorporated community in Washington Township named for the Schooley family, who owned a considerable amount of land there during the 1790s. The natural springs in the area helped attract visitors to the Schooley's Mountain section in the 1800s.

Neighboring municipalities include Morris County communities Chester Township to the east, Mount Olive to the north, Hunterdon County communities Tewksbury Township to the south and Lebanon Township to the southwest as well as Warren County communities Mansfield Township to the west and Hackettstown to the northwest. Also in Somerset County in the extreme southeast corner of the town there is a border with Bedminster Township.

Demographics

Zion lutheran LV
The Zion Lutheran Church in Washington Township located near the intersection of Route 513 and Route 517.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,793
1820 1,876 4.6%
1830 2,188 16.6%
1840 2,451 12.0%
1850 2,502 2.1%
1860 2,504 0.1%
1870 2,484 −0.8%
1880 2,681 7.9%
1890 2,367 −11.7%
1900 2,220 −6.2%
1910 1,900 −14.4%
1920 1,779 −6.4%
1930 1,615 −9.2%
1940 1,870 15.8%
1950 2,147 14.8%
1960 3,330 55.1%
1970 6,962 109.1%
1980 11,402 63.8%
1990 15,592 36.7%
2000 17,592 12.8%
2010 18,533 5.3%
Est. 2015 18,752 1.2%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,533 people, 6,237 households, and 5,195 families residing in the township. The population density was 417.5 per square mile (161.2/km2). There were 6,488 housing units at an average density of 146.2 per square mile (56.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 93.06% (17,247) White, 1.39% (257) Black or African American, 0.06% (11) Native American, 3.30% (612) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.69% (127) from other races, and 1.49% (277) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.57% (847) of the population.

There were 6,237 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the township, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 34.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.0 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $112,651 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,207) and the median family income was $124,818 (+/- $8,669). Males had a median income of $92,019 (+/- $5,016) versus $66,302 (+/- $11,089) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,154 (+/- $2,492). About 0.1% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.2% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 17,592 people, 5,755 households, and 4,874 families residing in the township. The population density was 392.1 people per square mile (151.4/km²). There were 5,890 housing units at an average density of 131.3 per square mile (50.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.16% White, 0.83% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.

There were 5,755 households, out of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the township the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $97,763, and the median income for a family was $104,926. Males had a median income of $76,791 versus $41,759 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,489. About 1.8% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Schooleys1
Schooley's Mountain in Washington Township.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 149.44 miles (240.50 km) of roadways, of which 129.99 miles (209.20 km) were maintained by the municipality, 18.25 miles (29.37 km) by Morris County and 1.20 miles (1.93 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

U.S. Route 46 passes through in the northwestern area.

The closest limited access roads are at least 20 minutes away in neighboring Tewksbury and Mount Olive: Interstates 78 and 80, respectively.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offered local bus service on the MCM5 route, which was terminated in 2010 as part of budget cuts.

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