Whitewater, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Whitewater, Wisconsin
City
Main Street, downtown Whitewater
Main Street, downtown Whitewater
Location of Whitewater, Wisconsin
Location of Whitewater, Wisconsin
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Counties Walworth, Jefferson
Area
 • Total 9.06 sq mi (23.47 km2)
 • Land 8.76 sq mi (22.69 km2)
 • Water 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
Elevation 823 ft (251 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,390
 • Estimate (2012) 14,505
 • Density 1,642.7/sq mi (634.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 53190
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-86925
GNIS feature ID 1576690
Website www.whitewater-wi.gov

Whitewater is a city in Walworth (mostly) and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. Located near the southern portion of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Whitewater is the home of the University of Wisconsin–Whitewater. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 14,390. Of this, 11,150 were in Walworth County, and 3,240 were in Jefferson County.

History

Whitewater was founded at the confluence of Whitewater Creek and Spring Brook, and named for the white sand in their beds. A gristmill was built on Whitewater creek, the resulting pond now called Lake Cravath. The town grew quickly when the first railroad line in Wisconsin passed through in 1853, but struggled when the two largest employers left town.

Whitewater was a New England settlement. The original founders of Whitewater consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Whitewater there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Whitewater. Whitewater, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.

Geography

Whitewater is located at 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W / 42.835°N 88.73611°W / 42.835; -88.73611 (42.834950, -88.736119).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles (23.47 km2), of which, 8.76 square miles (22.69 km2) is land and 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2) is water. Most of the city lies in Walworth County.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,731
1880 3,617
1890 4,359 20.5%
1900 3,405 −21.9%
1910 3,224 −5.3%
1920 3,215 −0.3%
1930 3,465 7.8%
1940 3,689 6.5%
1950 5,101 38.3%
1960 6,380 25.1%
1970 12,038 88.7%
1980 11,520 −4.3%
1990 12,636 9.7%
2000 13,437 6.3%
2010 14,390 7.1%
Est. 2015 14,692 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

Whitewater Wisconsin Sign WIS59
Welcome sign on WIS 59

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,390 people, 4,766 households, and 1,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,642.7 inhabitants per square mile (634.3/km2). There were 5,113 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (225.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 3.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 4,766 households of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 62.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 21.9 years. 11.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 53.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 11.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,437 people, 4,132 households, and 1,685 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,923.5 people per square mile (742.2/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 621.3 per square mile (239.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White, 2.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.50% of the population.

There were 4,132 households out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 18, 53.2% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, 9.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,600, and the median income for a family was $48,185. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,965. About 10.6% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. (Note: information in this paragraph is still from the 2000 census.)

Culture

Lake Cravath
Lake Cravath has a newly developed lakefront.

Annual events in Whitewater include "Freeze Fest" in January, the Bridal Fair, Farm Toy Show in February, Maxwell Street Day and the 4th of July Celebration in July. Adding to these annual events are the Minneica Water Ski Shows Saturday evenings on Whitewater Lake. Departing from the Highway 12 crossing of the Ice Age Trail, group biking tours depart several times a week from the area. September through April, Young Auditorium at the university features world-class entertainment.

Religion

Whitewater has several places of worship:

  • Anchor Bible Church
  • Community of St. Patrick Catholic Church
  • Congregational United Church of Christ
  • First English Lutheran Church
  • First United Methodist Church
  • Kettle Moraine Baptist Church
  • Living Word Fellowship
  • St. Luke's Episcopal Church
  • Whitewater Bible Church
  • Whitewater Islamic center
  • Crosspoint Community Church
  • Hope Ministries

Recreation

See also: Whitewater, Wisconsin, parks and trails

Images for kids


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