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Wicomico County, Maryland facts for kids

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Wicomico County
Pemberton Hall (Salisbury, Maryland)
Pemberton Hall (Salisbury, Maryland)
Flag of Wicomico County
Official seal of Wicomico County
Map of Maryland highlighting Wicomico County
Location within the U.S. state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Maryland
Founded 1867
Named for Wicomico River
Seat Salisbury
Largest city Salisbury
 • Total 400 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Land 374 sq mi (970 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (70 km2)  6.4%
 • Total 98,733
 • Estimate 
 • Density 247/sq mi (95/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Wicomico County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Maryland, on the Delmarva Peninsula. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,733. The county seat is Salisbury. The county was named for the Wicomico River, which in turn derives from Algonquian language words wicko mekee, meaning "a place where houses are built," apparently referring to a Native American town on the banks.

Wicomico County is included in the Salisbury, MD-DE Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The newspaper of record is The Daily Times.


Wicomico County was created from Somerset and Worcester counties in 1867.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 400 square miles (1,000 km2), of which 374 square miles (970 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (6.4%) is water.

The county's boundary with Delaware is composed of the Mason-Dixon line and the Transpeninsular Line. The intersection of these two historical lines is the midpoint of the Transpeninsular Line, fixed by Mason and Dixon between 1763 and 1767. The midpoint is located about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury, near the center of the Delmarva Peninsula. The county is generally flat, characteristic of the region, with a few small hills in the northeast. The lowest elevation is at sea level and the highest elevation is 98 ft (30 m).

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 13
  • US 13 Bus.
  • US 50
  • US 50 Bus.
  • MD 12
  • MD 54
  • MD 313
  • MD 346
  • MD 347
  • MD 348
  • MD 349
  • MD 350
  • MD 352
  • MD 353
  • MD 354
  • MD 374
  • MD 513
  • MD 670
  • MD 675
  • MD 815
  • MD 992


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 15,802
1880 18,016 14.0%
1890 19,930 10.6%
1900 22,852 14.7%
1910 26,815 17.3%
1920 28,165 5.0%
1930 31,229 10.9%
1940 34,530 10.6%
1950 39,641 14.8%
1960 49,050 23.7%
1970 54,236 10.6%
1980 64,540 19.0%
1990 74,339 15.2%
2000 84,644 13.9%
2010 98,733 16.6%
Est. 2019 103,609 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010–2018

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 98,733 people, 37,220 households, and 24,172 families living in the county. The population density was 263.7 inhabitants per square mile (101.8/km2). There were 41,192 housing units at an average density of 110.0 per square mile (42.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% white, 24.2% black or African American, 2.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.7% were English, 15.1% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 6.0% were American, and 5.6% were Italian.

Of the 37,220 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 35.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,752 and the median income for a family was $62,150. Males had a median income of $42,408 versus $34,544 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,505. About 7.8% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.


Salisbury MD Main Street



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Perdue Farms, Inc., a multi-national poultry and grain corporation, is headquartered in Salisbury, the county seat of Wicomico County. Piedmont Airlines is headquartered in unincorporated Wicomico County, at the airport and near the City of Salisbury. Other major employers in Wicomico County include: Salisbury University, Verizon, Peninsula Regional Medical Center, The Knowland Group, Cadista Pharmacueticals, Chesapeake Shipbuilding, Dove Pointe, and Pepsi Bottling of Delmarva.

Other industries in Wicomico County include electronic component manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, and agriculture.


Primary and secondary schools

Wicomico County Public Schools operates all public schools in the county.

Private schools

  • Faith Baptist School
  • Salisbury Baptist Academy
  • St. Frances de Sales
  • Salisbury Christian School
  • Stepping Stones Learning Academy
  • The Salisbury School
  • Wicomico Day School

Colleges and universities

  • Salisbury University
  • Wor-Wic Community College

Notable people

  • Erin Burnett, born in Mardela Springs, CNBC host and currently host of Erin Burnett OutFront on CNN
  • Joseph Stewart Cottman (1803–1863), born near Allen, United States Congressman from Maryland
  • Alexis Denisof, born in Salisbury, actor best known for How I Met Your Mother and Angel
  • Lewis J. Fields, born in Delmar, United States Marine Corps Lieutenant General
  • John Glover, reared in Salisbury, actor
  • Linda Hamilton, born in Salisbury, actress best known for her starring role in the television series Beauty and the Beast and the films The Terminator and Terminator 2: Judgment Day
  • Maulana Karenga, born and lived in Parsonsburg, activist, author, and professor of Africana studies, best known as the creator of Kwanzaa
  • Frank Perdue, former president and CEO of Perdue Farms
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