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Yabucoa, Puerto Rico facts for kids

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Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
Flag of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
"Ciudad del Azúcar"
Anthem: "Yabucoa es mi Pueblo"
Location of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico.
Location of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico.
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded October 3, 1793
 • Total 83.26 sq mi (215.65 km2)
 • Land 55.26 sq mi (143.11 km2)
 • Water 28.01 sq mi (72.55 km2)
 • Total 37,941
 • Density 455.677/sq mi (175.938/km2)
Demonym(s) Yabucoeños
Racial groups
 • White 68.5%
 • Black 8.6%
 • American Indian/AN 0.6%
 • Asian 0.3%
 • Other
Two or more races
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
Zip code

Yabucoa ( Yucaland) is a municipality in Puerto Rico, located in the southeastern region, north of Maunabo; south of San Lorenzo, Las Piedras and Humacao; and east of Patillas. Yabucoa is spread over 9 wards and Yabucoa Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.


The region of what is now Yabucoa belonged to the Taíno region of Guayaney, which covered a portion of the southeast region of Puerto Rico. The region was led by cacique Güaraca. After the Spanish colonization, the region of Yabucoa belonged to Humacao, and its territory was mostly used for cattle and farming. Yabucoa, as a town, was founded in October 3, 1793 when Don Manuel Colón de Bonilla and his wife, Catalina Morales Pacheco, donated the lands to the people.


The Municipality of Yabucoa is located in the south-eastern coast of Puerto Rico. The valley of Yabucoa is surrounded by the hills of the San Lorenzo Batholith,on three sides and by the Caribbean Sea on the fourth. The hills surrounding the Yabucoa valley as well as the bedrock underlying the alluvium in the valley are composed of the San Lorenzo Batholith, a large, igneous intrusive body emplaced during the Late Cretaceous (Rogers, 1977; Rogers and others, 1979). The San Lorenzo Batholith is a composite body that is composed of gabbro (Kd), diorite, tonalite, granodiorite, and quartz monzonite. The Cuchillas de Panduras, a fork of the Cordillera Central runs through its south. Santa Elena is one of its most prominent peaks with an altitude of 570 meters. Santa Elena is located in Juan Martin ward. Pandura peak rises 516 meters above sea level. Pandura is located in the Calabazas ward. The altitude of the hills surrounding the valley of Yabucoa reaches a maximum of about 650 m at the head of the Río Guayanes basin. The land surface in the Yabucoa valley slopes gently from an altitude of about 30 m above mean sea level, at the western edge of the valley, to sea level where the valley meets the Caribbean Sea.



Yabucoa is divided into ten barrios or wards.

  • Aguacate
  • Calabazas
  • Camino Nuevo
  • Guayabotas
  • Jácanas
  • Juan Martín
  • Limones
  • Playa Guayanés
  • Tejas
  • Yabucoa Pueblo


Landmarks and places of interest

  • Guayanés Beach
  • Kyle Rembis beach
  • Hacienda Santa Lucía Ruins
  • La Casa de la Cultura (House of Culture)
  • Roig Refinery
  • La Lucia Beach
  • El Cocal Beach aka El Guano
  • Public skatepark
  • Dead Dog Beach
  • Petroleum Refinery


Festivals and events

  • Sugar Cane Festival - May
  • Beach Festival - May
  • Carmen Festival - July
  • Quebradillas Festival - September
  • Patron Celebrations - October
  • Festival del Campesino - October
  • Martorell Jíbaro Festival - December



The design of the flag of Yabucoa is abstract, inspired by the colors of the municipal shield; green, white and violet.

Coat of arms

In the shield appear two angels the Santos Angeles Custodios, patron saints of Yabucoa. The color purple (violet) field of the shield represents the highest dignity of the angels. The walking sticks are attributes of the traveller, and refer to the holy office of the Angels as guides and companions in man's journey in his earthly life. The canes are adorned with guajana flowers, representing the wealth of the sugar cane. The green land where the angels stand symbolizes the fertile valley in which Yabucoa is located.


One of the main roads to Yabucoa is the PR-3, which borders the east side of the island. Distance from the capital is approximately 1 hour.

In 2008, a tunnel connecting the town of Yabucoa with the town of Maunabo was completed. It is currently the longest on the island.

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