Anoka, Minnesota facts for kids

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Anoka
City
Anoka, Minnesota
Main Street in downtown Anoka, July 2009
Main Street in downtown Anoka, July 2009
Motto: "Halloween Capital of the World"
Location of the city of Anokawithin Anoka County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Anoka
within Anoka County, Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Anoka
Founded 1844
Incorporated 1878
Area
 • Total 7.21 sq mi (18.67 km2)
 • Land 6.70 sq mi (17.35 km2)
 • Water 0.51 sq mi (1.32 km2)  7.07%
Elevation 879 ft (268 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 17,142
 • Estimate (2015) 17,350
 • Density 2,558.5/sq mi (987.8/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55303
Area code(s) 763
FIPS code 27-01720
GNIS feature ID 0639396
Website City of Anoka

Anoka (/əˈnkə/ ə-NOH-kə) is a city in Anoka County, Minnesota. The population was 17,142 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat. Anoka calls itself the "Halloween Capital of the World", because it hosted one of the first Halloween parades in 1920. It continues to celebrate the holiday each year with several parades. Anoka is a northern suburb of the Twin Cities.

U.S. Highways 10 / 169 and State Highway 47 are three of the main routes, and a station on the Northstar Commuter Rail line to downtown Minneapolis is located in the city.

History

The site which is now Anoka was first settled by immigrants in 1844. By the mid-1850s Anoka had grown to include a school, a store and a flour mill. In 1856, C. C. Andrews described Anoka as a "large and handsome village" and noted that pine logs were floated down the Rum River to sawmills there. The city was formally incorporated in 1878. The name Anoka was derived from two Indian words. The native Dakota used A-NO-KA-TAN-HAN, meaning "on both sides", or "from both sides", referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River. The native Ojibwa used ON-O-KAY, meaning "working waters".

Anoka makes a strong claim for providing the first volunteers to the Union Army during the Civil War, noted by a small historical plaque standing at the corner of West Main Street and Park Street. Alexander Ramsey, Minnesota's governor in 1861, was in Washington, D.C. when Fort Sumter was fired upon. He immediately offered a regiment to the War Department, and telegraphed former governor Willis Gorman and Lieutenant Governor Ignatius L. Donnelly that same morning. Gorman, attending a district court session in Anoka, received the note by messenger from St. Paul and called a court recess, asking for volunteers. Aaron Greenwald, who has an "island" named after him on Lake George, and five others stepped forward; Greenwald was the first to sign. He died July 2, 1863, during the 1st Minnesota Regiment's famous charge at Gettysburg.

Geography

Anoka lies at the confluence of the Rum and Mississippi Rivers, about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Minneapolis. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.21 square miles (18.67 km2), of which, 6.70 square miles (17.35 km2) is land and 0.51 square miles (1.32 km2) is water. Adjacent communities include Dayton, Ramsey, Andover, Coon Rapids, and Champlin. The USGS tracks the city by the ID 639396 and the coordinates of 45°11′52″N, 093°23′14″W. Coordinates: 45°11′52″N 093°23′14″W / 45.19778°N 93.38722°W / 45.19778; -93.38722

Demographics

AnokaCntyCourthouse
The Anoka County Courthouse and Government Center in downtown Anoka, July 2009
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,766
1890 4,252 53.7%
1900 3,769 −11.4%
1910 3,972 5.4%
1920 4,287 7.9%
1930 4,851 13.2%
1940 6,426 32.5%
1950 7,396 15.1%
1960 10,562 42.8%
1970 13,298 25.9%
1980 15,634 17.6%
1990 17,192 10.0%
2000 18,076 5.1%
2010 17,142 −5.2%
Est. 2015 17,350 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,142 people, 7,060 households, and 4,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,558.5 inhabitants per square mile (987.8/km2). There were 7,493 housing units at an average density of 1,118.4 per square mile (431.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 4.7% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.

There were 7,060 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.5% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census, there were 18,076 people, 7,262 households and 4,408 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,709.0 per square mile (1,046.4/km²). There were 7,398 housing units at an average density of 1,108.7 per square mile (428.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.1% White, 4.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.02% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.

There were 7,262 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.03. Age was represented as: 24.6% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median household income was $42,659 and the median family income was $55,311. Males had a median income of $37,930 versus $27,753 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,367. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

  • Anoka County Historical Society
  • Anoka Metro Regional Treatment Center
  • Anoka County Library
  • Goodrich Field
  • Windego Park Auditorium/Open Air Theater
  • Colonial Hall and Masonic Lodge No. 30

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