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Beerwah, Jammu and Kashmir facts for kids

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Beerwah

Beerwah
Town
Jamia Masjid Beerwah
Jamia Masjid Beerwah
Nickname(s): 
Beeru
Country  India
Union territory Jammu and Kashmir
District Budgam
Area
 • Total 4,950 km2 (1,910 sq mi)
Elevation
1,598 m (5,243 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 167,850
 • Density 33.91/km2 (87.82/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal code
193411
Vehicle registration JK04

Beerwah also pronounced as Beeru is a subdistrict and one of the oldest town of Jammu and Kashmir and a municipal committee in Budgam district in the Indian administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is also one of the oldest tehsil of Jammu and Kashmir with one of the largest towns in Budgam district. Beerwah tehsil is known as the headquarter tehsil of all the tehsils of Jammu and Kashmir. Beerwah is 36 km away from the summer capital Srinagar via Magam, 33 km via Budgam & 27 km via Soibugh. Beerwah subdistrict has 4 tehsils namely Beerwah, Magam, Narbal, and Khag.

The name Beerwah has been derived from a Sanskrit word "Behroop" which means land of springs. This is due to the abundance of natural springs in the area.Beerwah has seven springs in the town area.

Beerwah is the major route to breath-taking snow resort of Doodhpathri. Doodhpathri lies 19 km away from Beerwah via Arizal. Beerwah is known as "The Gateway of Doodhpathri".

Geography

Beerwah is located at an altitude of 1598 m above sea level , between 75° E longitude and 34° N latitude at the base of the Pir Panjal mountain range. It is surrounded by plains to the north, east, south, and southwest. The town is flanked by a mountain range on its southern side. At the eastern side of this mountain is located the celebrated cave connected with life of Acharya Abinav Gupta, the greatest Shiva philosopher of Kashmir. The Acharya was called Bhairwa. The celebrated cave is located at the height of nearly 85 meter on the side of the ridge overlooking the crescent shaped narrow valley of evergreen forests with a Sukhnag River flowing through it. The landscape is made up of plateau-like terraces known as karewas.

The region contains forested areas with several mountain rivers and streams, including the Mala Kol, Lear Kol, Ahij Kol, Laen, Zaen, Mean and Sona Mean. The Ahij Kol, Laen and Sona Maen share a source at Sukhnag. The Mala Kol is locally known as the "deaf and dumb stream" due to a legend that when saint Syed Taj-ud-Din arrived in Khag, the stream silently followed him from Sukhnag to Sikandarpora. Local elders continue to tell stories about other local streams.

River Sukhnag divides the town of Beerwah into Old town(South bank) and New town(North bank).

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