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Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
C Rajagopalachari 1944.jpg
C. Rajagopalachari
Governor-General of India
In office
21 June 1948 – 26 January 1950
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded by The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Succeeded by Position abolished
Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the President of India
2nd Chief Minister of Madras
In office
10 April 1952 – 13 April 1954
Governor Sri Prakasa
Preceded by P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
Succeeded by K. Kamaraj
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
26 December 1950 – 25 October 1951
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded by Vallabhbhai Patel
Succeeded by Kailash Nath Katju
Governor of West Bengal
In office
15 August 1947 – 21 June 1948
Premier Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
Bidhan Chandra Roy
Preceded by Frederick Burrows
Succeeded by Kailash Nath Katju
11th Chief Minister of Madras Presidency
In office
14 July 1937 – 9 October 1939
Governor The Lord Erskine
Preceded by Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu
Succeeded by Tanguturi Prakasam
Minister of Education
In office
2 September 1946 – 14 August 1947
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Succeeded by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Personal details
Born (1878-12-10)10 December 1878
Thorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Hosur Taluk, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India)
Died 25 December 1972(1972-12-25) (aged 94)
Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
Political party Swatantra Party (1959–1972)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (Before 1957)
Indian National Democratic Congress (1957–1959)
Spouse(s) Alamelu Mangalamma (1897–1916)
Children C. R. Narasimhan
C. R. Krishnaswamy
C. R. Ramaswami
Lakshmi Gandhi née C. R.
Namagiri Ammal C. R.
Alma mater Central College
Presidency College, Madras
Profession Lawyer
Writer
Statesman
Awards Bharat Ratna Ribbon.svg Bharat Ratna (1954)

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was an Indian politician, independence activist, lawyer, writer and statesman. Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General of India. He also served as leader of the Indian National Congress,Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (present Tamil Nadu), Governor of West Bengal and Minister for Home Affairs of the Indian Union. Rajagopalachari founded the Swatantra Party and was one of the first recipients of India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He forcefully opposed the use of nuclear weapons and was a supporter of world peace. During his lifetime, he also acquired the nickname 'Mango of Krishnagiri'.

Rajagopalachari was born in the village of Thorapalli in the Krishnagiri district of the Madras Presidency (now the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu) and was educated at Central College, Bangalore, and Presidency College, Madras.On entering politics, he became a member and later President of the Salem municipality. He joined the Indian National Congress and participated in the agitations against the Rowlatt Act, joining the Non-Cooperation movement, the Vaikom Satyagraha, and the Civil Disobedience movement. In 1930, Rajagopalachari risked imprisonment when he led the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha in response to the Dandi March. In 1937, Rajagopalachari was elected Premier of the Madras Presidency and served until 1940, when he resigned due to Britain's declaration of war on Germany. He later advocated co-operation over Britain's war effort and opposed the Quit India Movement.

In 1946, Rajagopalachari was appointed Minister of Industry, Supply, Education and Finance in the Interim Government of India, and then as the Governor of West Bengal from 1947 to 1948, Governor-General of India from 1948 to 1950, Home Minister of India from 1951 to 1952 and as Chief Minister of Madras state (present Tamil Nadu) from 1952 to 1954. In 1959, he resigned from the Indian National Congress and founded the Swatantra Party, which stood against the Congress in the 1962, 1967 and 1972 elections. Rajagopalachari was instrumental in setting up a united Anti-Congress front in Madras state under C. N. Annadurai, which swept the 1967 elections.

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