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Castres

Castres (81), Maisons sur l'Agoût.JPG
Houses by the Agout river
Coat of arms of Castres
Coat of arms
Administration
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Castres
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Castres-Mazamet
Mayor Pascal Bugis
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 151–367 m (495–1,204 ft)
(avg. 259 m or 850 ft*)
Land area1 98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi)
Population2 41,636  (2013)
 - Density 424/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81065/ 81100
Website www.ville-castres.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°36′00″N 2°15′00″E / 43.6000°N 2.2500°E / 43.6000; 2.2500

Castres (Occitan: Castras) is a commune in the region of Midi-Pyrénées, in southwestern France. It is the sous-prefecture (capital) of the arrondissement of the same name in the Tarn department.

It is also the capital of 3 cantons: Castres-1, Castres-2 and Castres-3.

Castres is (after Toulouse, Tarbes and Albi) the fourth largest industrial centre of the mainly rural Midi-Pyrénées région and the largest in that part of Languedoc between Toulouse and Montpellier.

History

The name of the town comes from Latin castrum, and means "fortified place".

Castres grew up round the Benedictine abbey of Saint Benoît. Castres became an important stop on the international pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela in Spain because its abbey-church, built in the 9th century, was keeping the relics of Saint Vincent, the renowned martyr of Spain. It was a place of some importance as early as the 12th century, and ranked as the second town of the Albigeois behind Albi.

Geography

Castres is in southern France, in the southwestern part of the Tarn department, to the north of the Montagne Noire, a mountain range in central southern France. Castres is crossed from north to south by the Agout river, a tributary of the Tarn.

The commune has an area of 98.17 km2 (37.90 sq mi) and its average altitude is 259 m (850 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 173 m (568 ft)..

Castres is at 42 km (26 mi) southeast of Albi and at 72 km (45 mi) east of Toulouse.

Castres and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Castres

Climate

The climate of Castres, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.

Administration

Castres is a subprefecture of the Tarn department and the capital of the arrondissement of Castres in the same department. It is also the capital of three Cantons:

  1. Castres-1, formed with a part of Castres (16,911 inhabitants)
  2. Castres-2, formed with a part of Castres and 6 other communes(15,501 inhabitants)
  3. Castres-3, formed with a part of Castres and the commune Navès (15,439 inhabitants).

Population

With a population in 2013 of 41,636, Castres has a population density of 424 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Castres are known, in French, as Castrais (women: Castraises).

Sister cities

Castres is twinned with:

Gallery

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