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Old city and Tarn river, Albi
Location of Tarn in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,757.9 km2 (2,223.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||66.7733/km2 (172.9421/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-81|
Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the old province of Languedoc.
The new department had five districts: Albi, Castres, Lavaur, Gaillac, Lacaune. The capitals (now prefectures) were, alternatively, Albi and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi; in 1797, the capital was moved to Castres.
In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the department and the arrondissements were created; the department had four arrondissements: Albi, Castres, Gaillac and Lavaur. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated.
Tarn is part of the Occitanie region and has an area of 5,757.9 km2 (2,223 sq mi).
The department borders with 5 departments, all in the Occitanie region:
- Hérault (southeast)
- Aude (south)
- Aveyron (north and east)
- Haute-Garonne (southwest and west)
- Tarn-et-Garonne (northwest)
While the valley of the Tarn river, the main river of the department, forms a plain, the central part of the department has many hills. The main mountain ranges are the Monts de Lacaune, in the southeast, and the Montagne Noire in the south.
The Monts de Lacaune ("Mountains of Lacaune") mountain range is near the town of Lacaune; its highest point, and the highest of the Tarn department, is Puech de Rascas, (above sea level.), at 1,270 m (4,170 ft)
The Montagne Noire (Occitan: Montanha Negra, "Black Mountain") is a mountain range in central southern France. It is at the southwestern end of the Massif Central in the border area of the Tarn, Hérault and Aude departments. Its highest point is the Pic de Nore ( ) at 1,211 m (3,973 ft) high. The mountain is within the Haut-Languedoc Regional Natural Parc (French: Parc naturel régional du Haut-Languedoc).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Albi is 1,023.6 mm (40.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 101.6 mm (4.0 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).
The average temperature for the year in Albi is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.4 °C (41.7 °F).
- Albi-1 (8101)
- Albi-2 (8102)
- Albi-3 (8103)
- Albi-4 (8104)
- Carmaux-1 Le Ségala (8105)
- Carmaux-2 Vallée du Cérou (8106)
- Castres-1 (8107)
- Castres-2 (8108)
- Castres-3 (8109)
- Les Deux Rives (8110)
- Gaillac (8111)
- Graulhet (8112)
- Le Haut Dadou (8113)
- Les Hautes Terres d'Oc (8114)
- Lavaur Cocagne (8115)
- Mazamet-1 (8116)
- Mazamet-2 Vallée du Thoré (8117)
- La Montagne noire (8118)
- Le Pastel (8119)
- Plaine de l'Agoût (8120)
- Les Portes du Tarn (8121)
- Saint-Juéry (8122)
- Vignobles et Bastides (8123)
The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais (women: Tarnaises).
Tarn has a population, in 2014, of 384,474, for a population density of 66.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 194,373 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Albi has 190,101 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Tarn
The cities with more than 6,000 inhabitants in the department are:
Tarn Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.