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Departamento Central
Aerial view of Areguá
Aerial view of Areguá
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Central department in Paraguay
Location of Central, in red, in Paraguay
Country  Paraguay
Region Oriental
Department 1906
Renamed 1945
Capital Areguá
Districts 19 (See list)
 • Total 2,465 km2 (952 sq mi)
 • Total 2,297,739
 • Density 932.15/km2 (2,414.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-04 (AST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-03 (ADT)
ISO 3166 code PY-11

Central (Spanish: Departamento Central) is a department in Paraguay. The capital is the city of Areguá. Its ISO 3166-2 code is PY-11.

The department has 2,297,739 inhabitants. That is more than any other department of Paraguay. The department is also the smallest of all the departments.


The Central Department, known as “Comarca Asuncena”, was the most populated country region in old times.

The towns of this department had different origin. Domingo Martínez de Irala started the towns of Itá, Ypané and Areguá in 1538 and 1539. Villeta was founded by the governor Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza in 1714. Other towns were founded around chapels.

The towns of Nueva Italia, Colonia Thompson and Villa Elisa were already established as agricultural settlements in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. These were mainly settled by immigrants.


The Central department is in the central western part of the Oriental region. It is on the southern border of the Western region. It surrounds the capital, Asunción.

The department has an area of 2,465 km2 (952 sq mi). That is 0.61% of the area of Paraguay. Its estimated population in 2013 was 2,297,739. That gave a population density of 932.1 inhabitants per square kilometre.

The Central department is relatively flat. It has only small hills. It has several rivers, as the Paraguay river, and streams flow through it. The Ypacaraí and Ypoá lakes are on the borders of the department.



The department is divided in 19 districts:

Districts of the Central department
No. Districts Area
1 Areguá &&&&&&&&&&&&0147.670000147.67 &&&&&&&&&&068713.&&&&&068,713 465.3
2 Capiatá &&&&&&&&&&&&&082.48000082.48 &&&&&&&&&0219840.&&&&&0219,840 2,665.4
3 Fernando de la Mora &&&&&&&&&&&&&020.80000020.80 &&&&&&&&&0163658.&&&&&0163,658 7,868.2
4 Guarambaré &&&&&&&&&&&&&029.82000029.82 &&&&&&&&&&031839.&&&&&031,839 1,067.7
5 Itá &&&&&&&&&&&&0183.840000183.84 &&&&&&&&&&073979.&&&&&073,979 402.4
6 Itauguá &&&&&&&&&&&&0103.740000103.74 &&&&&&&&&&097592.&&&&&097,592 940.7
7 Julián Augusto Saldívar &&&&&&&&&&&&&034.92000034.92 &&&&&&&&&&051060.&&&&&051,060 1,462.2
8 Lambaré &&&&&&&&&&&&&026.85000026.85 &&&&&&&&&0167787.&&&&&0167,787 6,249.1
9 Limpio &&&&&&&&&&&&0114.970000114.97 &&&&&&&&&0127221.&&&&&0127,221 1,106.6
10 Luque &&&&&&&&&&&&0147.290000147.29 &&&&&&&&&0258910.&&&&&0258,910 1,757.8
11 Mariano Roque Alonso &&&&&&&&&&&&&039.45000039.45 &&&&&&&&&&095506.&&&&&095,506 2,420.9
12 Ñemby &&&&&&&&&&&&&028.86000028.86 &&&&&&&&&0122658.&&&&&0122,658 4,250.1
13 Nueva Italia &&&&&&&&&&&&0362.710000362.71 &&&&&&&&&&011736.&&&&&011,736 32.4
14 San Antonio &&&&&&&&&&&&&025.91000025.91 &&&&&&&&&&060875.&&&&&060,875 2,349.5
15 San Lorenzo &&&&&&&&&&&&&056.17000056.17 &&&&&&&&&0250646.&&&&&0250,646 4,462.3
16 Villa Elisa &&&&&&&&&&&&&017.60000017.60 &&&&&&&&&&074564.&&&&&074,564 4,236.6
17 Villeta &&&&&&&&&&&&0875.200000875.20 &&&&&&&&&&035944.&&&&&035,944 41.1
18 Ypacaraí &&&&&&&&&&&&&098.52000098.52 &&&&&&&&&&025971.&&&&&025,971 263.6
19 Ypané &&&&&&&&&&&&&052.29000052.29 &&&&&&&&&&046885.&&&&&046,885 896.6


Concrete factories in Villeta.

Industries include the processing of food, furniture, clothing, pharmaceutical production, metallurgic, plastic and ceramics. The city of Villeta has a large number of industries. Central is the second biggest economy of Paraguay.


Laguna de Itá, Itá

The Central Department has many attractions for tourism. Among the most famous natural resources at an international level, is the Lago Ypacaraí. This lake is a very important natural attraction and the town of Areguá. The capital of the department is located on the banks of this lake

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Departamento Central para niños

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