Central Department facts for kids
Aerial view of Areguá
Location of Central, in red, in Paraguay
|• Total||2,465 km2 (952 sq mi)|
|• Density||932.15/km2 (2,414.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-04)|
|• Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC-03)|
|ISO 3166 code||PY-11|
The department has 2,297,739 inhabitants. That is more than any other department of Paraguay. The department is also the smallest of all the departments.
The Central Department, known as “Comarca Asuncena”, was the most populated country region in old times.
The towns of this department had different origin. Domingo Martínez de Irala started the towns of Itá, Ypané and Areguá in 1538 and 1539. Villeta was founded by the governor Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza in 1714. Other towns were founded around chapels.
The towns of Nueva Italia, Colonia Thompson and Villa Elisa were already established as agricultural settlements in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. These were mainly settled by immigrants.
The department has an area of 2,465 km2 (952 sq mi). That is 0.61% of the area of Paraguay. Its estimated population in 2013 was 2,297,739. That gave a population density of 932.1 inhabitants per square kilometre.
The Central department is relatively flat. It has only small hills. It has several rivers, as the Paraguay river, and streams flow through it. The Ypacaraí and Ypoá lakes are on the borders of the department.
- To the north: Presidente Hayes and Cordillera departments.
- To the east: Paraguarí department.
- To the south: Ñeembucú department.
- To the west: Argentina and the Distrito Capital
|Distrito Capital||Presidente Hayes department||Cordillera department|
|Argentina department||Paraguarí department|
|Ñeembucú department||Paraguarí department|
The department is divided in 19 districts:
|3||Fernando de la Mora||20.80||163,658||7,868.2|
|7||Julián Augusto Saldívar||34.92||51,060||1,462.2|
|11||Mariano Roque Alonso||39.45||95,506||2,420.9|
Industries include the processing of food, furniture, clothing, pharmaceutical production, metallurgic, plastic and ceramics. The city of Villeta has a large number of industries. Central is the second biggest economy of Paraguay.
The Central Department has many attractions for tourism. Among the most famous natural resources at an international level, is the Lago Ypacaraí. This lake is a very important natural attraction and the town of Areguá. The capital of the department is located on the banks of this lake
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Central Department Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.