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Claude Auchinleck facts for kids

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Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck
Nickname(s) The Auk
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service 1904–1947
Rank Field Marshal
Commands held 1st Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment (21 January 1929 - 31 January 1930)
Meerut district (1938)
3rd Indian Division (September 1939)
IV Corps (January 1940)
C in C, Northern Norway (April - June 1940)
V Corps (June 1940)
Southern Command (July - November 1940)
Middle East Command (1941-1942)
Commander-in-Chief, India (1941 & 1943-1947)
Battles/wars World War I:
- Egypt (1915)
- Mesopotamian campaign
Mohmand Campaign (1935)
World War II:
-Norwegian campaign
-North African campaign
Awards GCB (January 1945)
GCIE (December 1940)
CB (July 1934)
CSI (May 1936)
DSO (June 1917)
OBE (June 1919)
mentioned in dispatches (1917 & 1936)
Legion of Merit, Chief Commander (USA) (23 July 1948)
Virtuti Militari 5th class (Poland) (15 May 1942)
War Cross (1944)
Order of the Star of Nepal, 1st Class (1945)
Knight Grand Cross of Order of St Olav (19 March 1948)
1st Class Order of Cloud and Banner (1947)
Grand Officer, Légion d'honneur
Croix de guerre (1918 and 1949)
Military Cross (Czechoslovakia) (1943)
Other work Colonel 1st Bn. 1st Punjab Regiment (January 1933)
Colonel Inniskilling Fusiliers (April 1941)
Colonel 1st Bn. 4th Bombay Grenadiers (July 1939)
Colonel 4th Bombay Grenadiers (May 1944)
Colonel 1st Punjab Regiment (1947)

Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, GCB, GCIE, CSI, DSO, OBE (21 June 1884 – 23 March 1981), nicknamed "The Auk", was a British army commander during World War II. He was a career soldier who spent much of his military career in India, where he developed a love of the country and a lasting affinity for the soldiers he commanded. In July 1941 he was appointed Commander in Chief of the Middle East theatre; after initial successes the war in North Africa turned against the British, and he was relieved of the post in 1942 during the crucial Alamein campaign. He served thereafter as C-in-C India until his resignation in 1947. He retired to Marrakesh, where he died at age 96.

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