Communist Party of China facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Communist Party of China
|General Secretary||Xi Jinping|
|Founded||23 July 1921|
|Headquarters||Zhongnanhai, Xicheng District, Beijing|
|Youth wing||Communist Youth League|
|Popular front||United Front|
|Armed wing||People's Liberation Army|
|Membership (2020)||92 million|
Socialism with Chinese characteristics
Xi Jinping Thought
Deng Xiaoping Theory
Socialist market economy
|International affiliation||International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties and International Communist Seminar|
|Slogan||Serve the People|
The Communist Party of China (spelled as 中国共产党/中國共產黨 in Simplified/Traditional Chinese, originally called the Chinese Communist Party) is the dominant political party and founder of the People's Republic of China, and is the only ruling party in People's Republic of China now. Originally, the party was led by Chen Duxiu, who was the General Secretary of the Central Committee. In the early stage, the CPC got help from the Communist International, and worked with Kuomintang until 1927. After the victory of World War II, the CPC led its own army called People's Liberation Army to fight with Kuomintang. Their fight is called The Chinese Communist Revolution. The CPC won the war. In 1949, the CPC drove Kuomintang out from mainland China and established (formed) the People's Republic of China. Ideologically, it is an communist Marxist-Leninist party.
From 1943-82 the most powerful position in the party was Chairman. In 1982, members of the Central Committee voted to name the leader of the party General Secretary again. The current General Secretary is Xi Jinping.
Relationships with other parties
With other communist parties
The CPC tries to keep good relationships (how good or bad they feel with each other) with other communist parties. Other communist parties also send people to have meets with the CPC. For example, the chairman of Portuguese Communist Party, Jeronimo de Sousa, met with Liu Qibao, a member of the Central Politburo in 2007. For another example, Pierre Laurent, the National Secretary of the French Communist Party (FCP), met with Liu Yunshan, a Politburo Standing Committee member.
Also, the CPC gives help to the communist party of Cuba in a wide range and a deep degree. After the disintegration of the USSR (USSR was not a whole country anymore), the CPC became the only major helpers of Cuba.
With other non-communist parties
Communism had fallen in the Western Europe. The CPC began to make good party-to-party relations with other non-communist parties. The CPC also used this way to learn.
The relationships between the CPC and the Kuomintang and other parties in Taiwan, has loosened since Jiang Zemin’s time.
The CPC has its origins in the May Fourth Movement of 1919, during which radical Western ideologies like Marxism and anarchism gained traction among Chinese intellectuals. Other influences stemming from the Bolshevik revolution and Marxist theory inspired the Communist Party of China.
To join the party, an applicant must be approved by the communist party. In 2014, only 2 million applications were accepted out of some 22 million applicants.
Admitted members then spend a year as a probationary member.
As of December 2020 the CPC had 92 million members, making it the second largest political party in the world after India's Bharatiya Janata Party.
Communist Youth League
The Communist Youth League (CYL) is the CPC's youth wing, and the largest mass organization for youth in China. According to the CPC's constitution the CYL is a "mass organization of advanced young people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China; it functions as a party school where a large number of young people learn about socialism with Chinese characteristics and about communism through practice; it is the Party's assistant and reserve force." To join, an applicant has to be between the ages of 14 and 28.
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