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Crow Wing County, Minnesota facts for kids

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Crow Wing County
Historic Crow Wing County courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Crow Wing County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Minnesota
Founded May 23, 1857 (created)
March 3, 1870 (organized)
Named for Crow Wing River
Seat Brainerd
Largest city Brainerd
Area
 • Total 1,157 sq mi (3,000 km2)
 • Land 999 sq mi (2,590 km2)
 • Water 157 sq mi (410 km2)  14%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 66,123
 • Density 66.2/sq mi (25.6/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 8th

Crow Wing County is a county in the East Central part of the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 66,123. Its county seat is Brainerd. The county was formed in 1857, and was organized in 1870.

Crow Wing County is included in the Brainerd, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Crow Wing county was established on May 23, 1857 and organized March 3, 1870. It is named for the Crow Wing River, which is itself named for an island in the river which is shaped like the wing of a crow.

Twenty years or more before the county was outlined and named, a trading post was established on the east side of the Mississippi River opposite the mouth of the Crow Wing River. In 1837 there was again a station of the fur traders facing the northern mouth of the Crow Wing River. A few years later it became the center of Indian trading and had the general supply store for the area. By 1866, the village contained about 600 whites and Chippewas and was one of the major population centers in Minnesota. Although the county seat, Crow Wing was soon superseded by Brainerd and eventually became a ghost town known as Old Crow Wing, its memory is preserved by Crow Wing State Park.

Brainerd township was founded in 1870 when the Northern Pacific survey determined that the crossing of the Mississippi should be there. It became a city on November 19, 1881. The name was chosen in honor of the wife of J. Gregory Smith, the first president of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Mrs. Brainerd Smith was the author of novels, books of travel and other works.

Crow Wing State Park Neighborhood
Soils of Crow Wing State Park neighborhood

The Northern Pacific Railroad ran its first train to Brainerd, a special train, on March 11, 1871 and its regular passenger service began the next September. The first passenger train from the Twin Cities, by way of Sauk Rapids, came November 1, 1877.

The part of Crow Wing County west of the Mississippi was annexed from Cass County by an act of the Legislature on February 18, 1887, doubling its former area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,157 square miles (3,000 km2), of which 999 square miles (2,590 km2) is land and 157 square miles (410 km2) (14%) is water.

Topography and vegetation

Crow Wing County has two state forests, the Crow Wing State Forest and the Emily State Forest. It also has the Cuyuna Lakes State Trail which lies in the Upper Mississippi River Basin. The topography of the region is gently rolling to flat, with waters and wetlands generously interspersed with the woodlands that cover the landscape. It is home to an abundance of wildlife. Visitors may see white-tailed deer, cottontail rabbit, snowshoe hare, raccoon, red fox, gray fox, coyote, mink, muskrat, squirrels, and beaver. Occasionally, American black bears may be observed. Bald eagles and osprey frequent the area, and many species of waterfowl also take advantage of the abundant aquatic habitat found in the marshes and lakes of the county.

There are many lakes and rivers in Crow Wing County. The main river is the Mississippi River although there are more smaller streams in the county too. It has about 417 recognized lakes. The top ten ranked according to size are:

  1. Gull Lake – 9,419 acres (38.12 km2)
  2. Pelican Lake – 8,254 acres (33.40 km2)
  3. Upper and Lower White Fish Lake – 7,372 acres (29.83 km2)
  4. North Long Lake – 5,997 acres (24.27 km2)
  5. Lake Edward – 2,576 acres (10.42 km2)
  6. Bay Lake – 2,393 acres (9.68 km2)
  7. Cross Lake (Minnesota) – 1,752 acres (7.09 km2)
  8. Round Lake – 1,645 acres (6.66 km2)
  9. Big Trout Lake – 1,343 acres (5.43 km2)
  10. Lower South Long Lake – 1,312 acres (5.31 km2)

Superfund site and environmental damage

Crow Wing County contains the Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) United States Environmental Protection Agency Superfund site. The site, located between the cities of Brainerd and Baxter, was the location of a Burlington Northern Railroad tie treatment plant. Wastewater generated from the wood-treating process was sent to two shallow, unlined ponds. This created a sludge which contaminated both the underlying soils and the groundwater with creosote and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Major highways

  • US 169 (MN).svg U.S. Route 169
  • MN-6.svg Minnesota State Highway 6
  • MN-18.svg Minnesota State Highway 18
  • MN-25.svg Minnesota State Highway 25
  • MN-210.svg Minnesota State Highway 210
  • MN-309.svg Minnesota State Highway 309
  • MN-371.svg Minnesota State Highway 371

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 269
1870 200 −25.7%
1880 2,319 1,059.5%
1890 8,852 281.7%
1900 14,250 61.0%
1910 16,861 18.3%
1920 24,566 45.7%
1930 25,627 4.3%
1940 30,226 17.9%
1950 30,875 2.1%
1960 32,134 4.1%
1970 34,826 8.4%
1980 41,722 19.8%
1990 44,249 6.1%
2000 55,099 24.5%
2010 62,500 13.4%
2020 66,123 5.8%
US Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020
USA Crow Wing County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Bay Lake Township
  • Center Township
  • Crow Wing Township
  • Daggett Brook Township
  • Deerwood Township
  • Fairfield Township
  • Fort Ripley Township
  • Gail Lake Township
  • Garrison Township
  • Ideal Township
  • Irondale Township
  • Jenkins Township
  • Lake Edwards Township
  • Little Pine Township
  • Long Lake Township
  • Maple Grove Township
  • Mission Township
  • Nokay Lake Township
  • Oak Lawn Township
  • Pelican Township
  • Perry Lake Township
  • Platte Lake Township
  • Rabbit Lake Township
  • Roosevelt Township
  • Ross Lake Township
  • Sibley Township (former)
  • St. Mathias Township
  • Timothy Township
  • Wolford Township

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Unorganized territories

Original settlement

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