Aitkin County, Minnesota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Aitkin County, Minnesota
Map
Map of Minnesota highlighting Aitkin County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the USA highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded May 23, 1857 (created)
June 30, 1871 (organized)
Seat Aitkin
Largest City Aitkin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,995 sq mi (5,167 km²)
1,822 sq mi (4,719 km²)
174 sq mi (451 km²), 8.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

15,702
8.9/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.aitkin.mn.us
Named for: William Alexander Aitken

Aitkin County (/ˈkn/ AY-kin) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,202. Its county seat is Aitkin. A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county. The county was created in 1857 and organized in 1871.

History

Aitkin County was established in 1857 as Aiken County and had a spelling change of its name to the current spelling in 1872. Aitkin County was named after William Alexander Aitken, a fur trader for the American Fur Company, under John Jacob Astor. Formed from Ramsey and Pine counties, Aiken County originally consisted of the 17 townships closest to Mille Lacs Lake. It acquired out-lands of Ramsey, Itasca and Pine Counties to its north and east. It was organized in 1871, taking up lands from Cass and Itasca Counties and losing a point located in the southwestern corner to Crow Wing County to form its current boundaries.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,995 square miles (5,170 km2), of which 1,822 square miles (4,720 km2) is land and 174 square miles (450 km2) (8.7%) is water.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 169 (MN).svg U.S. Highway 169
  • MN-18.svg Minnesota State Highway 18
  • MN-27.svg Minnesota State Highway 27
  • MN-47.svg Minnesota State Highway 47
  • MN-65.svg Minnesota State Highway 65
  • MN-200.svg Minnesota State Highway 200
  • MN-210.svg Minnesota State Highway 210
  • MN-232.svg Minnesota State Highway 232

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge

State protected area

  • Savanna Portage State Park

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Aitkin, Minnesota
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1
 
20
0
 
 
0.8
 
26
4
 
 
1.7
 
38
16
 
 
2.6
 
54
30
 
 
3.1
 
66
40
 
 
4.5
 
75
51
 
 
4.2
 
80
56
 
 
3.2
 
77
53
 
 
3.3
 
68
45
 
 
2.9
 
55
34
 
 
1.6
 
38
21
 
 
1
 
24
7
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aitkin have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 80 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded in January 1972 and a record high of 100 °F (38 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Although these records are the official records, temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) has been detected numerous times throughout Aitkin County and surrounding areas. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.79 inches (20 mm) in February to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2
1870 178 8,800.0%
1880 366 105.6%
1890 2,462 572.7%
1900 6,473 162.9%
1910 10,371 60.2%
1920 15,043 45.0%
1930 15,009 −0.2%
1940 17,865 19.0%
1950 14,327 −19.8%
1960 12,162 −15.1%
1970 11,403 −6.2%
1980 13,404 17.5%
1990 12,425 −7.3%
2000 15,301 23.1%
2010 16,202 5.9%
Est. 2015 15,702 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015
USA Aitkin County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,202 people, 7,542 households, and 4,458 families residing in the county. The population density was 8.9 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 16,626 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.63% or 15,494 people White, 0.35% or 57 people Black or African American, 2.4% or 390 people Native American, 0.17% or 27 people Asian, 0.025% or 4 people Pacific Islander, 0.13% or 21 people from other races, and 1.29% or 209 people from two or more races. Of the population with two or more races, 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of German, 14.3% Norwegian, 13.0% Swedish, 6.2% Irish, 5.3% United States or American and 5.2% Finnish ancestry.

There were 6,644 households out of which 22.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 29.10% from 45 to 64, and 23.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,139, and the median income for a family was $58,290. Males had a median income of $51,604 versus $30,633 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,848. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Aitkin Township
  • Ball Bluff Township
  • Balsam Township
  • Beaver Township
  • Clark Township
  • Cornish Township
  • Farm Island Township
  • Fleming Township
  • Glen Township
  • Haugen Township
  • Hazelton Township
  • Hill Lake Township
  • Idun Township
  • Jevne Township
  • Kimberly Township
  • Lakeside Township
  • Lee Township
  • Libby Township
  • Logan Township
  • Macville Township
  • Malmo Township
  • McGregor Township
  • Millward Township
  • Morrison Township
  • Nordland Township
  • Pliny Township
  • Rice River Township
  • Salo Township
  • Seavey Township
  • Shamrock Township
  • Spalding Township
  • Spencer Township
  • Turner Township
  • Verdon Township
  • Wagner Township
  • Waukenabo Township
  • Wealthwood Township
  • White Pine Township
  • Williams Township
  • Workman Township

Unorganized territories

Unincorporated communities


Aitkin County, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.