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French Fourth Republic facts for kids

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French Republic

République française  (French)
National emblem(unofficial) of France
National emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Obverse Reverse
  Metropolitan France   Saar Protectorate
  Metropolitan France   Saar Protectorate
and largest city
48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language French
Secular state

In Alsace-Moselle

Demonym(s) French
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• 1947–1954
Vincent Auriol
• 1954–1959
René Coty
Prime Minister  
• 1947 (first)
Paul Ramadier
• 1958–1959 (last)
Charles de Gaulle
Legislature Parliament
Council of the Republic
National Assembly
Historical era
  • Decolonisation of Africa
  • Decolonisation of Asia
  • Cold War
• Constitutional referendum
13 October 1946
• Fourth Republic
27 October 1946
13 March 1954
• Toussaint Rouge
1 November 1954
• Treaty of Brussels
17 March 1948
• May crisis
13 May 1958
• Constitutional referendum
28 September 1958
4 October 1958
1957 889,898 km2 (343,592 sq mi)
  • French franc (FRF)
  • Algerian franc
ISO 3166 code FR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of the French Republic
French Fifth Republic
French Community
Today part of  France

The French Fourth Republic (French: Quatrième république française) was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.

It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems.

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