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French Fourth Republic facts for kids

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French Republic

République française (French)
1946–1958
National emblem(unofficial) of France
National emblem
(unofficial)
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Obverse Reverse
  Metropolitan France   Saar Protectorate
  Metropolitan France   Saar Protectorate
Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N 2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language French
Religion
Secular state

In Alsace-Moselle

Demonym(s) French
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
President  
• 1947–1954
Vincent Auriol
• 1954–1959
René Coty
Prime Minister  
• 1947 (first)
Paul Ramadier
• 1958–1959 (last)
Charles de Gaulle
Legislature Parliament
Council of the Republic
National Assembly
Historical era
  • Decolonisation of Africa
  • Decolonisation of Asia
  • Cold War
• Constitutional referendum
13 October 1946
• Fourth Republic
27 October 1946
13 March 1954
• Toussaint Rouge
1 November 1954
• Treaty of Brussels
17 March 1948
• May crisis
13 May 1958
• Constitutional referendum
28 September 1958
4 October 1958
Area
1957 889,898 km2 (343,592 sq mi)
Currency
  • French franc (FRF)
  • Algerian franc
ISO 3166 code FR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of the French Republic
French Fifth Republic
French Community
Today part of  France
 Algeria

The French Fourth Republic (French: Quatrième république française) was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.

It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems.

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