Garstang facts for kids

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Garstang
Garstang Cross and Market Place 239-25.jpg
Market cross in Market Place
Garstang shown within Lancashire
Population 4,268 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SD495455
• London 199 miles (322 km) SE
Civil parish
  • Garstang
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR3
Dialling code 01995
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Wyre and Preston North
List of places
UK
England
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Garstang Town Hall from High Street 239-1
Town hall from High Street
Garstang Cross and Royal Oak 239-20
Market cross and Royal Oak Hotel
Greenhalgh Castle, Garstang
Greenhalgh Castle

Garstang is an old market town and civil parish within the Wyre borough of Lancashire, England. It is 10 miles (16 km) north of the city of Preston and the same distance south of Lancaster. In 2011, the parish had a total resident population of 4,268; the larger Garstang Built-up Area, which includes the adjoining settlements of Bonds and Cabus, had population of 6,779. Garstang is famous for being the world's first ever Fairtrade Town.

History

A brief but comprehensive history of the parish, including the parish church of St Helen in Churchtown and Greenhalgh Castle, can be found in "The Parish of Garstang", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7.

St. John Plessington was born at Dimples Hall, which is just outside the town.

Garstang was once served by Garstang and Catterall railway station which closed in 1969, and Garstang Town railway station which closed to passengers in 1930.

The town is overlooked by the ruined remains of Greenhalgh Castle, built in 1490 by Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby.

Etymology

Garstang is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Cherestanc. Later recordings of the name include Geresteng, Grestein, 1204; Gayrestan, 1236; Gayerstang, 1246; Gayrstang, 1274; Gayrestang, 1292.

21st century

The town celebrates an arts festival and an agricultural show (which has been continued for 200 years) every year in August.

In April 2000 Garstang declared itself "the world's first Fairtrade Town", influencing many other towns, cities and counties around the United Kingdom to work towards the same goal. The Fairtrade Town status was renewed by the Fairtrade Foundation on 13 August 2003.

In 2011 a 518-foot (158 m) wind turbine, the UK's largest, was built in the town to provide power for Dewlay, a local factory producing the award-winning Garstang Blue cheese.

The local newspaper, the Garstang Courier, is available on tape free of charge to blind and partially sighted people from Galloway's Society for the Blind.

Following success in winning the Small Country Town category in the 2002 Britain in Bloom Awards, Garstang won the Small Town category in the 2005, 2006 and 2010 and was invited to the champion of champions in 2010 also.

Local primary schools are Garstang Community Primary School, with about 245 pupils, St Thomas' Church of England School and SS Mary and Michael Catholic School. The local secondary school is Garstang Community Academy which does not offer sixth form courses; pupils travel to Lancaster, Preston or Blackpool and further for A level courses.

The town has seven public houses: The Farmers Arms, the Crown, the Eagle and Child, the King's Arms, the Royal Oak, the Wheatsheaf, Th'Owd Tithe Barn, with the Bellflower (formerly the Flag) in Nateby and Crofters Tavern in Cabus. It has three restaurants: Pipers, Ken Ma and the Great Season, the latter two being Chinese restaurants. There is also a golf club and Country Hotel and the Crofter's Hotel, on the main A6 road.

Garstang is referenced in episode 5 of the first series of the comedy Phoenix Nights. Brian Potter (played by Peter Kay) said "What have you called us? What have you called the best cabaret lounge this side of Garstang?" in reference to an alternative comedy night being run at his fictional club.

The town is served by the Anglican church of St Thomas and the Catholic church of St Mary and St Michael (just outside the town's boundaries in Bonds). Until 1881, Garstang's official parish church was St Helen's, 2 miles (3 km) away in Churchtown.

Geography

Lying on the River Wyre, River Calder and the Lancaster Canal, Garstang is situated close to the A6 road, the M6 motorway, and the West Coast Main Line, between Lancaster and Preston. It lies on the eastern edge of the Fylde, and the Forest of Bowland is not far to the east.

Garstang and the nearby villages of Bonds, Bowgreave, Catterall and Western Claughton-On-Brock form an almost continuous built-up area, bypassed by the A6 road in 1928 (incorrectly given as 1926 in). Other nearby villages not bypassed by the A6 road include: Brock, Bilsborrow, Cabus and Churchtown form another, much larger, continuous built-up area which includes Garstang in the centre.

People

The following people have lived at, or were born in Garstang:

  • Isaac Ambrose (1604-1664), a Puritan vicar
  • Robert Terrill Rundle (1811-1896), a Methodist missionary noted for his work in Western Canada
  • Dicky Bond (1883-1955), footballer noted for his time at Preston North End and Bradford City
  • Harry Dean (1884-1957), a left-armed bowler (cricketer)
  • George Benson (1893-1974), a footballer noted for his time at Accrington Stanley
  • John Woolrich (1954-), composer, lived in Garstang from 1955 to 1972
  • Mary Anne Hobbs (1964-), a BBC Radio 6 Musicdisk jockey
  • Jason Robinson (1974-), an England rugby player (both league and union)
  • Sir Robert Atkins (politician), Member of the European Parliament for the North West England region and Vice-President of Lancashire County Cricket Club

Garstang Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.