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Germantown, Tennessee
Historic downtown Germantown
Historic downtown Germantown
Location of Germantown in Shelby County, Tennessee.
Location of Germantown in Shelby County, Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Shelby
Founded 1825
Incorporated 1841
 • Total 20.01 sq mi (51.83 km2)
 • Land 19.99 sq mi (51.76 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.06 km2)
377 ft (115 m)
 • Total 38,844
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,962.62/sq mi (757.77/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38125, 38138, 38139
Area code(s) 901
FIPS code 47-28960
GNIS feature ID 1285318

Germantown is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 38,844 at the 2010 census.

Germantown is a suburb of Memphis, bordering it to the east-southeast. Germantown's economy is dominated by the retail and commercial service sectors; there is no heavy industry in Germantown. In the city center is the "Old Germantown" neighborhood, anchored by a railroad depot (a 1948 reproduction of the 1868 original) and railroad tracks that recall the community's earliest days of development as an outpost along the Memphis and Charleston Railroad.

The city hosts many horse shows and competitions annually, most notably the Germantown Charity Horse Show in June. Other major annual events include the Germantown Festival, an arts and crafts fair, in early September.

Germantown has the lowest crime rate for any city its size in the State of Tennessee and the police and fire departments have average emergency response time of five minutes (police just under 4 minutes & fire department 5.2 minutes). The parks and recreation department is nationally accredited. The Arbor Day Foundation has designated Germantown a "Tree City USA" for 23 consecutive years. Only 3.2% of Germantown citizens are below the poverty line.


Germantown is located at 35°5′20″N 89°47′38″W / 35.08889°N 89.79389°W / 35.08889; -89.79389 (35.089023, −89.793997). It is part of the Memphis metropolitan area.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.6 square miles (46 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.17%, is water.


Germantown was founded along the Cherokee Trace on a ridge between the Wolf River and Nonconnah Creek, about 16 miles east of the Mississippi River.

The first white settlers arrived in Germantown about 1825. Between 1825 and 1830, Miss Frances Wright established Nashoba Plantation, a utopian community intended to emancipate slaves. By 1830, the first store was opened as more settlers moved into the area.

The community became known as Pea Ridge in 1833. Town lots were laid out in 1834 by surveyor N. T. German. The name was changed to Germantown in 1836. This coincidently also reflecting the settling of German families.

The town was incorporated in 1841. The Memphis-Charleston Railroad was built through the community in 1852. Germantown experienced set backs through the period of the Civil War (1861-1865); the yellow fever epidemics reduced its population to a few hundred.

The town rebounded slowly. Churches destroyed in the war were rebuilt, schools were constructed and the population began to return around the turn of the century. The city name was briefly changed to Neshoba, an Indian word meaning 'wolf', during World War I, because of widespread anti-German sentiment in the United States at that time.

During the twentieth century, the community derived its strength through involvement of citizens, as evidenced in the churches, garden clubs and civic organizations. The Poplar Pike Improvement Association and the Germantown Civic Club played vital roles in the physical and social development of the community.

In the last half of the century, the population grew from about 400 to more than 40,000. Over several decades, elected and civic leadership, with support of citizens, worked proactively to control suburban growth through development regulations, aesthetic controls and strategic planning efforts.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 245
1870 197
1880 223 13.2%
1890 268 20.2%
1900 270 0.7%
1910 247 −8.5%
1920 263 6.5%
1930 322 22.4%
1940 402 24.8%
1950 408 1.5%
1960 1,104 170.6%
1970 3,474 214.7%
1980 21,467 517.9%
1990 32,893 53.2%
2000 37,348 13.5%
2010 38,844 4.0%
2019 (est.) 39,225 1.0%

2020 census

Germantown Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 34,033 82.34%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,671 4.04%
Native American 64 0.15%
Asian 2,855 6.91%
Pacific Islander 5 0.01%
Other/Mixed 1,463 3.54%
Hispanic or Latino 1,242 3.0%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 41,333 people, 14,696 households, and 11,682 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 38,844 people, 14,910 households, and 11,750 families residing in the city, with 15,536 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 89.54% White, 3.57% Black, 0.21% Native American, 5.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.

There were 14,910 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.9% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.2% under the age of 20, 3.5% from 20 to 24, 19.2% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.7 years. There were 18,800 males, of whom 14,023 were over the age of 18. There were 20,044 females, of whom 15,447 were over the age of 18.

The median income for a household in the city according to the 2010 census was $112,979, and the median income for a family was $127,216. Males had a median income of $93,401 versus $54,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $54,157. About 1.9% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.


A total of 27 parks allow for a park within walking distance of every residence. The community has more than 700 acres of parkland. More than 11.4 miles of greenway links parkland and neighborhoods.

The Community Library was constructed in 1996, the Regional History and Genealogy Center opened in FY07.

The Germantown Performing Arts Centre (GPAC) is an acoustically-perfect 800-seat theater featuring top artists from around the world.

The Germantown Athletic Club is an 118,000 square foot indoor athletic complex that opened in 1989 and expanded in 2003 to include two outdoor pools.

The Great Hall & Conference Center is an 8,000 square feet rental facility space that is ideal to accommodate meetings, weddings and receptions.

Miscellaneous statistics

Fire Protection: Number of Stations - 4, Number of Regular Firefighters - 71, Number of Volunteer Firefighters - 25, Insurance Service Office Rating - Class III

Police Protection: Number of Regular Police Officers - 99, Number of Reserve Police Officers - 30

Recreation and Culture: Number of Parks - 27, Acreage - 748, Number of Libraries - 2, Volumes - 143,520

Water System: Number of Consumers - 13,479, Miles of Water Main - 208, Well Capacity - 25 million gallons per day, Treatment Plant Capacity - 25 million gallons per day, Storage Capacity - 7.875 million gallons, Average Daily Consumption - 7.5 million gallons per day, Peak Day Pumpage - 15.120 million gallons

Sewer System: Number of Consumers - 13,270, Miles of Sewer Main - 211, Treatment - Provided by City of Memphis

City partnerships

  • Germany Königs Wusterhausen
  • "An FAQ for Shelby Schools plans at Germantown schools it will retain." Memphis Commercial Appeal. January 16, 2014.


Public schools

Germantown is served by two school districts, Shelby County Schools and Germantown Municipal School District.

Elementary Schools: Farmington Elementary School, Forest Hill Elementary School, Dogwood Elementary School, Riverdale Elementary K-8 School (GMSD) and Germantown Elementary School (SCS)

Middle School: Houston Middle School, Riverdale Elementary K-8 School (GMSD) and Germantown Middle School (SCS)

High School: Houston High School (GMSD) In 2015, Houston High School was rated by The Washington Post as one of America's Most Challenging High Schools. Germantown High School (SCS) Germantown High School is an International Baccalaureate School, Blue Ribbon School, and is one of the largest high schools in the state of Tennessee, rated as a Reward School in Tennessee for Growth and Achievement measured by perfect scores of 5 each of the past 5 years.

Jason Manuel, former principal of Houston Middle School, is Superintendent of Germantown Municipal Schools. The School Board consists of 5 at large elected positions.

Germantown Elementary, Middle, and High School remain with the Shelby County Schools district, although they are located within the borders of the city of Germantown and continue to serve a large proportion of Germantown K-12 students as well as students from unincorporated Shelby County.

Private schools

  • Daybreak Specialized School
  • Evangelical Christian School
  • Farmington Presbyterian
  • Madonna Learning Center
  • Our Lady Of Perpetual Help Catholic School (preschool – 8th grade)
  • St. George's Independent School
  • The Bodine School
  • The Phoenix School for Creative Learning
  • Union University – Germantown

Notable people

Notable celebrities who currently reside or have previously resided in Germantown include:

  • Kennedy Baker, Artistic gymnast, was born in Germantown.
  • Chris Bell, co-founder of the highly influential band Big Star, was from a prominent Germantown family
  • Bobby Bland, singer songwriter, band leader
  • Matt Cain, pitcher for the San Francisco Giants
  • John Daly, professional golfer
  • Kallen Esperian, soprano, Metropolitan Opera
  • Marc Gasol, NBA player with the local Memphis Grizzlies, moved to Germantown as a teenager with his parents after older brother Pau was drafted by the Grizzlies. Their parents still live in Germantown.
  • David Gossett, professional golfer
  • Hamed Haddadi, NBA player
  • Austin Hollins, professional basketball player and son of Lionel Hollins
  • Lionel Hollins, professional basketball player, former Memphis Grizzlies head coach
  • Olivia Holt, actress
  • Tim Howard, US National Soccer Team goalkeeper
  • Paul Maholm, Atlanta Braves pitcher
  • Bob Melvin, manager of the Oakland Athletics
  • Cindy Parlow, US Women's National Soccer Team member and two-time Olympic gold medal winner (1996 and 2004)
  • Chris Parnell, former member of the cast of Saturday Night Live
  • Elliot Perry, professional basketball player
  • Loren Roberts, professional golfer
  • Steven Seagal, actor
  • Todd Starnes, is an American far right-wing conservative columnist, commentator, author and radio host.
  • Melanie Smith, U.S. Equestrian Team member, gold medal winner, 1984 Olympics
  • Ben Spies, former World Super Bike champion and Moto GP racer
  • Michael Stern, conductor
  • Kevin Swindell, NASCAR driver
  • Sammy Swindell, Hall of Fame sprint car driver
  • Joe Theismann, former NFL quarterback
  • Julien Baker, indie rock singer

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Germantown (Tennessee) para niños

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