Goslar facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Coat of arms of Goslar
Coordinates 51°54′26″N 10°25′48″E / 51.90722°N 10.43°E / 51.90722; 10.43
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Goslar
Town subdivisions 12 districts
Lord Mayor Henning Binnewies (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 92.58 km2 (35.75 sq mi)
Elevation 255 m  (837 ft)
Population 43,058  (30 June 2006)
 - Density 465 /km2 (1,205 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate GS
Postal codes 38640, 38642, 38644
Area codes 05321, 05325
Website www.goslar.de

Goslar is a historic city in Germany. It has about 43,000 inhabitants.



The German Emperor Henry I founded Goslar in 922. In the 11th century Goslar became seat of a Pfalz, a temporary seat of the Emperor. In 1253 Goslar became a Free City (that means without being ruled a Duke) in the Holy Roman Empire and joined the Hanseatic League.

Henry 4th a Holy Roman Emperor came from Goslar.

In the Thirty-year War Goslar belonged to the loyalists of the Emperor, although its territory belonged to a Protestant region. The Swedish King Gustav II Adolph punished Goslar for supporting the imperial forces. After 1642 Goslar came under the rule of the Welfs.

In 1803 Goslar lost its status as a Free City and belonged to Prussia. Napoleon made Goslar a part of the Kingdom of Westphalia. After the Napoleonic Wars it became part of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In the 19th century Goslar lost its economic base. Now it lives mainly on tourism.

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Goslar Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.