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Jackson County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Jackson County
Jackson County Courthouse
Jackson County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded November 5, 1829
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat Newport
Largest city Newport
 • Total 642 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land 634 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  1.2%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Jackson County is located in the Arkansas Delta in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for Andrew Jackson, a national hero during the War of 1812. By the county's formation in 1829, Jackson had become the seventh President of the United States. Jackson County is home to seven incorporated towns and four incorporated cities, including Newport, the largest city and county seat. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. Occupying 633.94 square miles (164,190 ha), Woodruff County is the 41st largest county of the 75 in Arkansas. As of the 2010 Census, the county's population is 17,997 people in 7,601 households. Based on population, the county is the 40th-largest county in Arkansas. Although terrain rises in the west, most of Jackson County is within the Arkansas Delta, characterized by largely flat terrain with fertile soils. Historically covered in forest, bayous and swamps, the area was cleared for agriculture by early settlers. It is drained by the White River.

Although no Interstate highways are located in Jackson County, two United States highways (U.S. Route 67 (US 67) and US 167) and fifteen Arkansas state highways run in the county. A Union Pacific Railroad line also crosses the county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 67 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 67
  • US 167.svg U.S. Highway 167
  • Arkansas 14.svg Highway 14
  • Arkansas 17.svg Highway 17
  • Arkansas 18.svg Highway 18
  • Arkansas 18S.svg Highway 18 Spur
  • Arkansas 33.svg Highway 33
  • Arkansas 37.svg Highway 37
  • Arkansas 42.svg Highway 42
  • Arkansas 69.svg Highway 69
  • Arkansas 69S.svg Highway 69 Spur
  • Arkansas 87.svg Highway 87
  • Arkansas 145.svg Highway 145
  • Arkansas 157.svg Highway 157
  • Arkansas 224.svg Highway 224
  • Arkansas 226.svg Highway 226
  • Arkansas 367.svg Highway 367
  • Arkansas 384.svg Highway 384
  • Arkansas 980(Airport).svg Airport Highway 980

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 333
1840 1,540 362.5%
1850 3,086 100.4%
1860 10,493 240.0%
1870 7,268 −30.7%
1880 10,877 49.7%
1890 15,179 39.6%
1900 18,383 21.1%
1910 23,501 27.8%
1920 25,446 8.3%
1930 27,943 9.8%
1940 26,427 −5.4%
1950 25,912 −1.9%
1960 22,843 −11.8%
1970 20,452 −10.5%
1980 21,646 5.8%
1990 18,944 −12.5%
2000 18,418 −2.8%
2010 17,997 −2.3%
Est. 2015 17,338 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015
USA Jackson County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Jackson County

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 18,418 people, 6,971 households, and 4,830 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,956 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.57% White, 17.56% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,971 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,081, and the median income for a family was $32,661. Males had a median income of $26,744 versus $17,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,564. About 13.20% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated community


Jackson County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Jackson County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Jackson County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.


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