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John Adams Dix facts for kids

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John Dix
24th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1873 – December 31, 1874
Lieutenant John C. Robinson
Preceded by John T. Hoffman
Succeeded by Samuel J. Tilden
United States Minister to France
In office
December 23, 1866 – May 23, 1869
President Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Preceded by John Bigelow
Succeeded by Elihu B. Washburne
24th United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
January 15, 1861 – March 6, 1861
President James Buchanan
Preceded by Philip Thomas
Succeeded by Salmon P. Chase
United States Senator
from New York
In office
January 27, 1845 – March 3, 1849
Preceded by Henry A. Foster
Succeeded by William H. Seward
16th Secretary of State of New York
In office
January 15, 1833 – February 4, 1839
Governor William L. Marcy
William H. Seward
Preceded by Azariah C. Flagg
Succeeded by John Spencer
Personal details
Born (1798-07-24)July 24, 1798
Boscawen, New Hampshire, U.S.
Died April 21, 1879(1879-04-21) (aged 80)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic (Before 1872)
Republican (1872–1879)
Other political
Free Soil (1848–1849)
Spouse(s) Catherine Morgan
Children Morgan
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1813–1828
Rank Major General
Commands Department of Virginia
Battles/wars American Civil War

John Adams Dix (July 24, 1798 – April 21, 1879) was Secretary of the Treasury, Governor of New York and Union major general during the Civil War. He was notable for arresting the pro-Southern Maryland General Assembly, preventing that divided border state from seceding, and for arranging a system for prisoner exchange via the Dix–Hill Cartel, concluded in partnership with Confederate Major General Daniel Harvey Hill.

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