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Landaff, New Hampshire
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Incorporated 1774
Villages Landaff Center
Jockey Hill
 • Total 28.48 sq mi (73.75 km2)
 • Land 28.34 sq mi (73.40 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)  0.48%
1,142 ft (348 m)
 • Total 446
 • Density 16/sq mi (6.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03585 (Lisbon/Landaff}
03785 (Woodsville)
03580 (Franconia)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-40660
GNIS feature ID 0873641

Landaff is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2020 census, the town population was 446.


The name on the town charter is Llandaff, after the Bishop of Llandaff, chaplain to England's King George III. Originally, however, the land was granted as Whitcherville to James Avery and 60 others on January 31, 1764. But those settlers forfeited their grant by failure to comply with the requirements of the charter, so the territory was re-granted to Dartmouth College on January 19, 1770.

Settlements were made under the Dartmouth grant. Roads and a mill were built at the expense of the college, and on November 11, 1774, the town was incorporated. After the Revolutionary War, however, the first grantees successfully claimed that their forfeiture was illegal, so the college had to abandon its title and lose what it had expended in making the settlements.

Landaff was originally much larger than today. It was changed by legislative actions over the years:

  • On July 2, 1845, it gained a small tract from the then-adjoining town of Lincoln.
  • On June 23, 1859, all of Landaff lying northwest of the Ammonoosuc River was annexed to the town of Lisbon.
  • On July 20, 1876, the town was divided, with the eastern half becoming the town of Easton.

The Lisbon Area Historical Society promotes the public's interest in and appreciation for the Towns of Lisbon, Landaff and Lyman, and maintains the collection, preservation and cataloging of materials which establish or illustrate the history of the three Towns, their indigenous history and heritage, their exploration, settlement and development, as well as their cultural and artistic heritage.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.5 square miles (74 km2), of which 28.4 sq mi (74 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.25% of the town. The highest point in Landaff is the summit of Moody Ledge, at 2,326 feet (709 m) above sea level. The Ammonoosuc River defines part of the northwestern boundary of the town, and the Wild Ammonoosuc River flows through the southern part of the town. Landaff lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.

The southern half of the town is in the White Mountain National Forest, accessible via Cobble Hill Trail and Ore Hill Trail from the north. Natural features of Landaff include many viewsheds, mountain summits, wetlands, undeveloped woodland and farm land. The main bodies of water in town are Chandler Pond, Jericho Pond and Gordon Pond.


Landaff is home to numerous species of wildlife. Black bear, moose, white-tail deer, beaver, eastern turkey, and coyote are among the animals living in the thousands of open acres, as well as ruffed grouse and other upland birds.


Outdoor recreational opportunities abound for hunting, fishing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, hiking, nature observation and snowmobiling.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 292
1800 461 57.9%
1810 650 41.0%
1820 769 18.3%
1830 951 23.7%
1840 957 0.6%
1850 948 −0.9%
1860 1,012 6.8%
1870 882 −12.8%
1880 506 −42.6%
1890 499 −1.4%
1900 500 0.2%
1910 526 5.2%
1920 510 −3.0%
1930 469 −8.0%
1940 389 −17.1%
1950 342 −12.1%
1960 289 −15.5%
1970 292 1.0%
1980 266 −8.9%
1990 350 31.6%
2000 378 8.0%
2010 415 9.8%
2020 446 7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Landaff 1940s
A new Landaff teacher in the 1940s watches as a student writes on the blackboard.

As of the census of 2000, there were 378 people, 154 households, and 107 families residing in the town. The population density was 13.3 people per square mile (5.1/km2). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 7.5 per square mile (2.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.56% White, 0.26% Native American, and 3.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 154 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,964, and the median income for a family was $48,500. Males had a median income of $35,156 versus $23,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,033. About 6.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • Harry Chandler (1864–1944), newspaper publisher, real estate investor
  • Mary Noyes Farr (1853–1938), physician, educator, later based South Dakota
  • Samuel H. Roys (1821–1857), Wisconsin politician
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