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List of scheduled monuments in Cheshire since 1539 facts for kids

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There are over two hundred scheduled monuments in Cheshire, a county in North West England, which date from the Neolithic period to the middle of the 20th century. This list includes the scheduled monuments in Cheshire from 1540 to the present, the periods accepted by Revealing Cheshire's Past as post-medieval and modern.

A scheduled monument is a nationally important archaeological site or monument which is given legal protection by being placed on a list (or "schedule") by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport; English Heritage takes the leading role in identifying such sites. The current legislation supporting this is the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The term "monument" can apply to the whole range of archaeological sites, and they are not always visible above ground. Such sites have to have been deliberately constructed by human activity. They range from prehistoric standing stones and burial sites, through Roman remains and medieval structures such as castles and monasteries, to later structures such as industrial sites and buildings constructed for the World Wars or the Cold War.

This list includes structures dating from the early post-medieval period, through the period of the Industrial Revolution, to sites prepared for warfare in the 20th century. The monuments from the earlier part of the period tend to be similar in type to those in the medieval period, namely moats or moated sites, and churchyard crosses and also include a dovecote and a duck decoy. Structures dating from the Industrial Revolution include the remains of a mine, canal locks and a bridge, a salt works, a boat lift, and a transporter bridge within a factory. The structures dating from the 20th century consist of a former Royal Air Force airfield and the remains of three sites for anti-aircraft guns.

Name Remains Location Date Description
Anderton Boat Lift Boat lift Anderton
53°16′22″N 2°31′50″W / 53.2727°N 2.5305°W / 53.2727; -2.5305 (Anderton Boat Lift)
1875 An electrical lift to raise and lower boats between the Weaver Navigation and the Trent and Mersey Canal.
Armada Beacon Mound of earth and stone Alderley Edge
53°17′45″N 2°12′45″W / 53.2959°N 2.2126°W / 53.2959; -2.2126 (Armada Beacon)
16th century The foundations of the platform for one of a series of beacons in response to the threat of invasion. The beacon was restored in 1779 and blown down in 1931.
Aston dovecote Dovecote Aston
53°17′51″N 2°40′19″W / 53.2974°N 2.6719°W / 53.2974; -2.6719 (Aston dovecote)
1691 A dovecote on the site of Aston Old Hall. One of the few double dovecotes in England, now without a roof or dividing wall.
Bank Quay Transporter Bridge Transporter bridge Warrington
53°22′56″N 2°36′33″W / 53.3821°N 2.6091°W / 53.3821; -2.6091 (Bank Quay Transporter Bridge)
1913–15 This a disused transporter bridge within the works of Joseph Crosfield and Sons. It is also a Grade II* listed building.
Beeston lock Canal lock Beeston
53°08′03″N 2°40′06″W / 53.1343°N 2.6682°W / 53.1343; -2.6682 (Beeston lock)
1827–28 A unique cast iron lock designed by Thomas Telford on the Shropshire Union Canal.
Bunbury locks Canal locks Bunbury
53°07′37″N 2°37′56″W / 53.1269°N 2.6323°W / 53.1269; -2.6323 (Bunbury locks)
1775–79 Locks on the Shropshire Union Canal, with the associated bridge and stables. The locks are also listed at Grade II*.
Burton Manor icehouse Icehouse Burton
53°15′33″N 3°01′43″W / 53.2591°N 3.0287°W / 53.2591; -3.0287 (Burton Manor icehouse)
Early 19th century An ice house in the grounds of Burton Manor. It is cut in rock and has gas lighting and a food preparation area, which are both unusual features.
Crossley (or Colleymill) Bridge Bridge Congleton
53°11′21″N 2°09′50″W / 53.1892°N 2.1640°W / 53.1892; -2.1640 (Crossley (or Colleymill) Bridge)
A two-arched stone bridge carrying the A54 road over the River Dane. It is also listed at Grade II.
Danebower colliery chimney Stone chimney Wildboarclough
53°13′36″N 1°59′14″W / 53.2266°N 1.9871°W / 53.2266; -1.9871 (Danebower colliery chimney)
Early 19th century A stone chimney for ventilation of the colliery.
Daresbury Mersey flat Sutton
53°18′04″N 2°41′20″W / 53.30109°N 2.68885°W / 53.30109; -2.68885 (Daresbury)
18th century The remains of the only known Mersey flat dating from before 1840.
Former soda ash and calcium nitrate works Foundations of chemical works Plumley
53°16′16″N 2°26′27″W / 53.2710°N 2.4408°W / 53.2710; -2.4408 (Foundations of chemical works)
Early 20th century The remains of factories, one producing soda ash by the ammonia-soda process, and the other producing calcium nitrate.
Gawsworth Old Hall Earthworks, walls Gawsworth
53°13′21″N 2°09′53″W / 53.2226°N 2.1647°W / 53.2226; -2.1647 (Gawsworth Old Hall)
Post-medieval The remains of an Elizabethan garden and five ornamental pools that were probably constructed by Sir Edward Fitton III for open air entertainment.
Great Moreton Hall icehouse tower Tower Moreton cum Alcumlow
53°07′58″N 2°14′23″W / 53.1327°N 2.2396°W / 53.1327; -2.2396 (Great Moreton Hall icehouse tower)
1841 This consists of a castellated tower over a tunnel leading to an icehouse. It is also listed at Grade II.
Hale Duck Decoy Duck decoy Hale
53°20′19″N 2°47′07″W / 53.3385°N 2.7853°W / 53.3385; -2.7853 (Hale Duck Decoy)
17th century A pentagonal ditched enclosure containing a central pond and five curving arms. It has been restored as a nature reserve.
Huntington Hall Bridge and causeway Huntington
53°09′54″N 2°52′10″W / 53.1651°N 2.8694°W / 53.1651; -2.8694 (Huntington Hall)
Post-medieval Sandstone bridge and causeway leading to platform for former moated manor house or grange.
Jodrell Bank dovecote and pigsty Brick building Twemlow
53°13′43″N 2°18′20″W / 53.2286°N 2.3056°W / 53.2286; -2.3056 (Jodrell Bank dovecote and pigsty)
Late 17th century A three-storey brick structure of which the lowest storey is a pigsty and the upper two storeys constitute a dovecote.
Kinderton Hall gardens Earthworks Kinderton
53°11′58″N 2°26′21″W / 53.1995°N 2.4392°W / 53.1995; -2.4392 (Kinderton Hall gardens)
Post-medieval Earthworks of a former formal garden to the west of the medieval moat, including a prospect mound.
Lion Salt Works Salt works Marston
53°16′31″N 2°29′42″W / 53.2753°N 2.4949°W / 53.2753; -2.4949 (Lion Salt Works)
1842 An open pan salt works in operation until 1986. It is now a museum and some of the surviving buildings are also listed at Grade II.
Lymm Hall cockpits Cockpits Lymm
53°22′45″N 2°28′37″W / 53.3793°N 2.4769°W / 53.3793; -2.4769 (Lymm Hall cockpits)
17th century Two well-preserved but overgrown cockpits built in sandstone rubble and earth.
Marton Grange Earthworks and a stone Marton
53°12′13″N 2°33′58″W / 53.2036°N 2.5662°W / 53.2036; -2.5662 (Marton Grange)
Post-Medieval A former manor house which was demolished in 1848. The site was previously occupied by a medieval monastic grange. The monument also includes the sandstone socket stone which was previously the base of a cross.
Murgatroyd brine shaft Underground mine shaft Middlewich
53°11′25″N 2°26′09″W / 53.1903°N 2.4359°W / 53.1903; -2.4359 (Murgatroyd brine shaft)
1889 A brine shaft dug by made which contains three 20th-century pumps.
Newbold Astbury churchyard cross Stone structure Newbold Astbury
53°09′02″N 2°13′53″W / 53.1505°N 2.2315°W / 53.1505; -2.2315 (Newbold Astbury cross)
16th century This consists of an octagonal gritstone cross base forming two steps up to a base block which is also octagonal to which a later shaft has been added. It stands in St Mary's churchyard and is listed at Grade II.
Norley anti-aircraft battery Foundations and buildings Norley
53°17′53″N 2°20′48″W / 53.2981°N 2.3467°W / 53.2981; -2.3467 (Norley anti-aircraft battery)
c. 1950 The foundations of housing for four heavy anti-aircraft guns, a reinforced concrete generator, the gunshed building and the command post.
Over churchyard cross Stone structure Over
53°10′54″N 2°31′29″W / 53.1816°N 2.5248°W / 53.1816; -2.5248 (Over churchyard cross)
c. 1543 A yellow sandstone stepped octagonal base with the lower section of a shaft which has been truncated to form a sundial. It stands in St Chad's churchyard and is listed at Grade II.
Overton Earthworks Overton
53°01′46″N 2°47′14″W / 53.0294°N 2.7872°W / 53.0294; -2.7872 (Overton)
Medieval and post-medieval Platforms for buildings, hollow ways and ridge and furrow cultivation remains suggest a deserted village.
Pickett-Hamilton fort Underground workings Burtonwood
53°24′33″N 2°39′15″W / 53.4091°N 2.6541°W / 53.4091; -2.6541 (Pickett-Hamilton fort)
1940–41 The underground remains of a former USAAF fort with rusted items, including hydraulic jacks, which lie under a circular concrete slab.
Poynton Hall icehouse Brick structure Poynton
53°21′17″N 2°06′27″W / 53.3548°N 2.1074°W / 53.3548; -2.1074 (Poynton Hall icehouse)
c. 1758 Built from local sandstone, most of the icehouse is below ground level. It is listed at Grade II.
Puddington anti-aircraft gunsite Buildings Puddington
53°15′11″N 2°59′49″W / 53.2530°N 2.9970°W / 53.2530; -2.9970 (Puddington anti-aircraft gunsite)
c. 1941 Remains of four gun pits, the command post and ruined ancillary buildings. Built in the Second World War to house heavy anti-aircraft guns.
RAF Cranage Airfield Cranage
53°13′35″N 2°24′33″W / 53.2263°N 2.4093°W / 53.2263; -2.4093 (RAF Cranage)
1939 An airfield used by the RAF during the Second World War. Included are the Defence Headquarters, a gun pit, an aircrew sleeping shelter, and four pillboxes (three complete and one demolished).
Shocklach churchyard cross Stone structure Shocklach
53°02′45″N 2°50′57″W / 53.0458°N 2.8492°W / 53.0458; -2.8492 (Shocklach churchyard cross)
Post-medieval This is in red sandstone and consists of three steps and a plinth with a partly restored shaft in St Edith's churchyard. It is listed at Grade II.
Sutton anti-aircraft gunsite Gun emplacements and buildings Sutton Weaver
53°18′32″N 2°40′42″W / 53.3090°N 2.6783°W / 53.3090; -2.6783 (Sutton anti-aircraft gunsite)
1940 This was a heavy anti-aircraft gunsite built in the Second World War. The remains consist of five gun emplacements, the command post, two garages and a generator building.
Tilstone Hall gateway Ruin Tarporley
53°08′36″N 2°38′24″W / 53.1433°N 2.6399°W / 53.1433; -2.6399 (Tilstone Hall gateway)
Late 16th/early 17th century The ruin of a gateway to a house which was demolished about 1740. It is also listed at Grade II.
West Mine Plant Industrial site Nether Alderley
53°17′39″N 2°12′40″W / 53.2942°N 2.2112°W / 53.2942; -2.2112 (West Mine Plant)
19th century A mining complex in the mid-19th century producing and treating copper, lead and cobalt ores.
Wrenbury lifting bridge Bridge Wrenbury
53°01′41″N 2°36′46″W / 53.0281°N 2.6128°W / 53.0281; -2.6128 (Wrenbury lifting bridge)
c. 1790 A wooden lifting bridge carrying a road over the Llangollen Canal designed by Thomas Telford. It is also listed at Grade II.
Warrington Transporter Bridge
Bank Quay Transporter Bridge
Beeston Iron Lock
Beeston lock
Bunbury Locks
Bunbury locks
Alderley Edge mine
An entry to one of the mines in the West Mine Plant on Alderley Edge
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List of scheduled monuments in Cheshire since 1539 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.