Martin County, Florida facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Martin County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
|Founded||May 30, 1925|
|Named for||John W. Martin|
|Largest community||Palm City|
|• Total||753 sq mi (1,950 km2)|
|• Land||543 sq mi (1,410 km2)|
|• Water||209 sq mi (540 km2) 27.8%%|
|• Density||295/sq mi (114/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Martin County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region of the state of Florida, in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 158,431. Its county seat is Stuart. Martin County is in the Port St. Lucie, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Martin County was created in 1925 with the northern portion coming from St. Lucie County and southern portion coming from Palm Beach County. It was named for John W. Martin, Governor of Florida from 1925 to 1929.
When the county was created, the western contour followed the shore of Lake Okeechobee, as did the borders of Glades, Okeechobee, and Hendry counties. Palm Beach County had historically claimed all of the surface of the lake as part of its area, to its benefit for the distribution of state and federal highway funds. The state representative of Martin County, William Ralph Scott of Stuart, initiated a bill to divide the lake among its adjacent counties, creating a more equitable distribution of state funds for road creation and maintenance. All bordering counties confirmed the justice of this change and supported its ratification, with the exception of Palm Beach County. Representatives from Palm Beach County later presented Representative William Scott with a jug of water, signifying "all the water Bill Scott left Palm Beach County." The jug is in the possession of Stuart Heritage.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 753 square miles (1,950 km2), of which 543 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and (27.8%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Florida by land area, and fifty-third largest by total area.
- St. Lucie County – north
- Palm Beach County – south
- Hendry County – southwest
- Glades County – southwest
- Okeechobee County – northwest
National protected area
- Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge
|U.S. Decennial Census
|Race||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|Black or African American (NH)||7,493||7,277||5.12%||4.59%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||248||218||0.17%||0.14%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||52||42||0.04%||0.03%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||139||525||0.09%||0.33%|
|Hispanic or Latino||17,881||24,187||12.22%||15.27%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 158,431 people, 65,014 households, and 40,328 families residing in the county.
- Indiantown Airport
- Naked Lady Ranch Airport (private)
- Witham Field
The Lake Okeechobee Scenic Trail, a segment of the Florida National Scenic Trail, passes through Martin County.
The Martin County Library System has 7 branches.
- Blake Library
- Elizabeth Lahti Library
- Hobe Sound Public Library
- Hoke Library
- Peter & Julie Cummings Library
- Robert Morgade Library
- Law Library
- Audubon of Martin County: Possum Long Nature Center, Palm Beach Road, Stuart
- Elliott Museum on Hutchinson Island
- Jonathan Dickinson State Park in South Martin County
- Martin County Fair held every February.
- Martin County Public Beaches:
- Hobe Sound Public Beach on Jupiter Island
- Jensen Sea Turtle Beach, Stuart Beach and many beach strips on Hutchinson Island.
- Savannas Preserve State Park (extends into St. Lucie County)
- St. Lucie Inlet Preserve State Park on Long Island east of Port Salerno and north of Jupiter Island
- Hobe Sound
- Olympia School, 1925
- Trapper Nelson Zoo Historic District, located south of Hobe Sound is inside Jonathan Dickinson State Park in southern Martin County, 1933
- Hutchinson Island
- Seminole Inn, 1926
- Jensen Beach
- Mount Elizabeth Archeological Site, prehistoric
- Stuart Welcome Arch, 1926
- Tuckahoe, 1938
- Jupiter Island
- Gate House, 1927
Other historic areas listed in 1989 by the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects:
- All Saints Episcopal Church, Waveland, 2377 N.E. Patrician Street, 1898,
- Bay Tree Lodge (Kiplinger House), 143 S. River Road (originally 104 S. Sewall's Point Road), Sewall's Point, 1909
- Dudley-Bessey House, 110 S.W. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1909
- Dyer Homestead, 1006 S.W. St. Lucie Crescent, Stuart, 1904
- Feroe Building, 73 S.W. Flagler Avenue, corner of St. Lucie, Stuart, 1913
- France Apartments, 524 St. Lucie Crescent, Stuart, 1927
- Golden Gate Building, 3225 S.E. Dixie Highway in Golden Gate south of Stuart, 1925
- Kitching House, 210 S.W. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1894
- Stuart Feed Store, 101 S.W. Flagler Avenue, Stuart, 1905
- Sunrise Inn, S.E. Old St. Lucie Boulevard, Port Sewall. ca. 1925 (demolished)
- John E. Taylor House, 204 S.E. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1914
Other places listed in 2012 by the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in its Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places.
- Beach Road 2, Jupiter Island
Other unincorporated places
Martin County, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.