Matthew Flinders facts for kids
16 March 1774|
|Died||19 July 1814
|Occupation||Royal Navy Ships Officer|
Ann Chappelle (m. 1801)
Flinders made three voyages to the southern ocean between 1791 and 1810. In the second voyage, George Bass and Flinders confirmed that Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) was an island. In the third voyage, Flinders circumnavigated the mainland of what was to be called Australia, along with Aboriginal man Bungaree.
Heading back to England in 1803, Flinders' vessel needed urgent repairs at Isle de France (Mauritius). Although Britain and France were at war, Flinders thought the scientific nature of his work would ensure safe passage, but a suspicious governor kept him under arrest for more than six years. In captivity, he recorded details of his voyages for future publication, and put forward his rationale for naming the new continent 'Australia', as an umbrella term for New Holland and New South Wales – a suggestion taken up later by Governor Macquarie.
Flinders' health had suffered, however, and although he reached home in 1810, he did not live to see the publication of his widely praised book and atlas, A Voyage to Terra Australis.
Images for kids
Memorial at Flinders, Victoria, commemorating the discovery of Western Port on 4 January 1798, by George Bass and the later passage of Bass Strait by Bass and Flinders in the same year
1890 Bacon Traveler's Pocket Map of London, England - Geographicus - London-bacon-1890 (cropped to show St James's Gardens, Camden).jpg
St James's Gardens, shown west of Euston railway station, on an 1890 Bacon Traveler's Pocket Map of London by George Washington Bacon
Bass and Flinders Point in Cronulla, New South Wales
Matthew Flinders Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.