Norbert Wiener facts for kids
Norbert Wiener



Born  
Died  March 18, 1964 
(aged 69)
Nationality  American 
Alma mater  Tufts College BA 1909 Harvard University PhD 1912 
Known for  Cybernetics 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics Cybernetics 
Institutions  Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American theoretical and applied mathematician. He was a child prodigy. His father was a teacher of languages.
Wiener founded cybernetics, the science of control and communication in animals and machines. It is a field that uses the notion of feedback, and is important for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, philosophy, and the organization of society. The name of the science comes from his book, Cybernetics: Or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine (1948).
"Information is information, not matter or energy". – Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics (1948, 155)
Wiener was born in Columbia, Missouri. He died in Stockholm, Sweden.
Books by Norbert Wiener
 1933: The Fourier Integral and certain of its applications. Cambridge Univ. Press; reprint by Dover.
 1942: Extrapolation, interpolation and smoothing of stationary time series. A wartime classified report nicknamed "the yellow peril" because of the color of the cover and the difficulty of the subject. Published postwar 1949 MIT Press.
 1948: Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine. Wiley, New York 1948. 2nd revised ed. 1961.
 1950: The human use of human beings: cybernetics and society. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
 1953: Exprodigy: my childhood and youth. Autobiography of his younger years
 1956: I am a mathematician. Gollancz, London. Autobiography.
 1958: Nonlinear problems in random theory. MIT Press & Wiley.
 1959: The Tempter. Random House. Fiction.
 1964: Selected papers of Norbert Wiener. Cambridge Mass. MIT Press & SIAM.
 1966: Generalized harmonic analysis and Tauberian theorems. MIT Press.
 1966: God & Golem, Inc.: a comment on certain points where cybernetics impinges on religion. MIT Press.
 1966: Norbert Wiener 1894–1964. Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 72(1). Also published in book form.
 197684: The mathematical work of Norbert Wiener. Masani P (ed) 4 vols, Camb. Mass. MIT Press. This contains a complete collection of Wiener's mathematical papers with commentaries.
 1994: Invention: the care and feeding of ideas. MIT Press.
Images for kids

In the mathematical field of probability, the "Wiener sausage" is a neighborhood of the trace of a Brownian motion up to a time t, given by taking all points within a fixed distance of Brownian motion. It can be visualized as a cylinder of fixed radius the centerline of which is Brownian motion.